The following are excerpts from original Nazi documents, relating
directly to the extermination of Jews and others which was carried
out by the Nazis during WW2. The purpose of this collection is both
to present such documents in an easily accessible form, and to
point out more complete references.

The organization of this collection is as follows:

3)  DOCUMENTS ABOUT MASS MURDER (see also the "Jager Report",
    in the "MISC" topic).
11) MISC - includes the following:
     a. Prosecution of a Jewish woman for selling her mother milk 
        to feed German babies.
     b. Some of the court proceedings from a case in which the death 
        sentence was imposed on a Jew for allegedly having sex with 
        a German woman.
     c. Various excerpts from anti-semitic publications (mostly, 
        "Der Stuermer").
     d. Letter about transporting to Germany "racially valuable 
        children" whose parents were slain by the Nazis.
     e. Order to hang any Pole who has sex with a German woman.
     f. Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler describing Russians and Slavs as 
        "human animals" to be used for work.
     g. German plans for plundering Poland.
     h. Order by Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler to kill and destroy 
        everything in Nazi occupied Ukraine before evacuating it.
     i. A long and very detailed report about mass executions in 
        the Nazi occupied Baltics (the "Jager report").


Speech by Hitler, January 31, 1939
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol XIII, p. 131]
Today I will once more be a prophet: If the international Jewish financiers
in and outside Europe should succeed in plunging the nations once more into
a world war, then the result will not be the bolshevization of the earth,
and thus the victory of Jewry, but the annihilation of the Jewish race in

Adolph Hitler speaking to a crowd at the Sports Palace in Berlin,
30 January 1942. Quoted in "The Holocaust", by Martin Gilbert,
Holt, Rinehart and Winston, NY, 1985, p. 285. Text as monitored by the 
Foreign Broadcast Monitoring Service, Federal Communications Commission.
And we say that the war will not end as the Jews imagine it
will, namely with the uprooting of the Aryans, but the result of
this war will be the complete annihilation of the Jews.

Excerpts from the meeting between Hitler and the Mufti,
Haj Amin Husseini, on 28 November 1941. The notes were taken by
Dr. Paul Otto Schmidt and are quoted in Fleming's "Hitler and the
Final Solution", p. 101-104. Also geheime Reichssache 57 a/41, Records 
Dept. Foreign and  Commonwealth Office Pa/2.
The Fuehrer then made the following declaration, requesting
the Mufti to lock it deep in his heart:

1) He (the Fuehrer) would carry on the fight until the last
   traces of the Jewish-Communist European hegemony had been

2) In the course of this fight, the German army would - at a
   time that could not yet be specified, but in any case in
   the clearly foreseeable future - gain the southern exit of

3) As soon as this breakthrough was made, the Fuehrer would
   offer the Arab world his personal assurance that the hour
   of liberation had struck. Thereafter, Germany's only
   remaining objective in the region would be limited to the
   annihilation of the Jews living under British protection
   in Arab lands.

Adolf Hitler, quoted in "Hitler", by Joachim Fest, Vintage
Books Edition, 1974, p. 679-680:
Nature is cruel; therefore we are also entitled to be cruel. When I
send the flower of German youth into the steel hail of the next war
without feeling the slightest regret over the precious German blood
that is being spilled, should I not also have the right to eliminate
millions of an inferior race that multiplies like vermin?

Speechs by Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler before senior SS officers in Poznan, 
October 4 and 6, 1943
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. XIII, p. 323, and 
Himmler, Reichsfuehrer-SS - P. Padfield, Henry Holt and Co, NY, 1990, 
p. 469]
I mean the evacuation of the Jews, the extermination of the Jewish
race. It's one of those things it is easy to talk about, "the Jewish
race is being exterminated", says one party member, "that's quite
clear, it's in our program, elimination of the Jews, and we're doing
it, exterminating them". And then they come, 80 million worthy
Germans, and each one has his decent Jew. Of course the others are
vermin, but this one is an A-1 Jew. Not one of those who talk this way
has watched it, not one of them has gone through it. Most of you know
what it means when 100 corpses are lying side by side, or 500, or
1,000.  To have stuck it out and at the same time - apart from
exceptions caused by human weakness - to have remained decent fellows,
that is what has made us hard.  This is a page of glory in our history
which has never been written and is never to be written.

I ask of you that what I say in this circle you really only hear and
never speak of. We come to the question: how is it with the women and
the children? I have resolved even here on a completely clear
solution. That is to say I do not consider myself justified in
eradicating the men - so to speak killing or ordering them killed -
and allowing the avengers in the shape of the children to grow up for
our sons and grandsons. The difficult decision has to be taken, to
cause this Volk [people] to disappear from the earth.

[This speech was recorded; the magnetic tapes are in the national
 archives in Washington, DC]

Speech by Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler at Kharkow, April 1943
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Vol. IV, p. 572-574]
We have - I would say, as very consistent National Socialists,
taken the question of blood as our starting point. We were the
first really to solve the problem of blood by action, and in
this connection, by problem of blood, we of course do not
mean antisemitism. Antisemitism is exactly the same as delousing.
Getting rid of lice is not a question of ideology. It is a 
matter of cleanliness.

The Goebbels [Reich propaganda Minister] Diaries, February 14 1942
[The Goebbels Diaries 1942-1943 - L.P. Lochner, Doubleday & Co., 1948, 
p. 86]
World Jewry will suffer a great catastrophe at the same time as
Bolshevism. The Fuehrer once more expressed his determination to
clean up the Jews in Europe pitilessly. There must be no squeamish
sentimentalism about it. The Jews have deserved the catastrophe that
has now overtaken them. Their destruction will now go hand in hand
with the destruction of our enemies. We must hasten this process
with cold ruthlessness.

The Goebbels [Reich propaganda Minister] diaries, March 27, 1942: 
[The Goebbels Diaries 1942-1943 - L.P. Lochner, Doubleday & Co., 1948, 
p. 147-148]
Beginning with Lublin, the Jews in the General Government 
[Nazi occupied Poland] are now being evacuated eastward. The procedure 
is a pretty barbaric one and not to be described here more definitely. 
Not much will remain of the Jews. On the whole it can be said that about 
60 per cent of them will have to be liquidated whereas only 40 per cent 
can be used for forced labor.

Speech by Frank [Governor of occupied Poland], to German soldiers
in Poland, urging them to write home
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Vol. II, p. 633-634]
In all these weeks, they [i.e., your families] will be thinking
of you, saying to themselves: my God, there he sits in
Poland where there are so many lice and Jews, perhaps he is
hungry and cold, perhaps he is afraid to write.
It would not be a bad idea to send our dear ones back home a
picture, and tell them: well now, there are not so many
lice and Jews any more, and conditions here in the General
Government have changed and improved somewhat already. Of
course, I could not eliminate all lice and Jews in only one
year's time. But in the course of time, and above all, if you
help me, this end will be attained. After all, it is not
necessary for us to accomplish everything within a year and
right away, for what would otherwise be left for those who
follow us to do?

Speech by Frank [Governor of occupied Poland], December 16 1941
[Documents on the Holocaust - Edited by Y. Arad, Y. Gutman, A. Margaliot,
NY, Ktav Pub. House in Association with Yad-Vashem, 1981, p. 247, Nazi 
Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946 Vol. II p. 634]
One way or another -- I will tell you quite openly -- we must finish 
off the Jews. The Fuehrer put it into words once: should united Jewry
again succeed in setting off a world war, then the blood sacrifice
shall not be made only by the peoples driven into war, but then the
Jew of Europe will have met his end....

But what should be done with the Jews? Can you believe that they will
be accommodated in settlements in the Ostland? In Berlin we were told:
why are you making all this trouble? We don't want them either, not in
Ostland nor in the Reichskommissariat; liquidate them yourselves!
Gentlemen, I must ask you to steel yourselves against all
considerations of compassion. We must destroy the Jews wherever we
find them, and wherever it is at all possible, in order to maintain
the whole structure of the Reich...

The Jews represent for us also extraordinary malignant gluttons. We
have now approximately 2,500,000 of them in the General Government
[Nazi occupied Poland], perhaps with the Jewish mixtures and
everything that goes with it, 3,500,000 Jews. We cannot shoot or
poison those 3,500,000 Jews, but we shall nevertheless be able to take
measures which will lead somehow to their annihilation, and this in
connection with the gigantic measures to be determined in discussions
with the Reich.

Letter from Hoppner, higher SS and Police leader in the Warthegau, to
SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Eichmann, July 16 1941
[Documents of Destruction - R. Hilberg, Quadrangle Books, Chicago, 1971, p. 87]
Enclosed is a memorandum on the results of various discussions held
locally in the office of the Reich Governor...

Subject: Solution of the Jewish question

4) This winter there is a danger that not all of the Jews can be fed
   anymore. One might weigh honestly, if the most humane solution
   might not be to finish off those of the Jews who are not employable
   by means of some quick-working device. At any rate, that would be
   more pleasant than to let them starve to death.
5) For the rest, the proposal was made that in this camp all the Jewish
   women, from whom one could still expect children, should be
   sterilized so that the Jewish problem may actually be solved
   completely with this generation.

Extracts from the minutes of the Wannsee conference, January 20
1942, regarding the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question"
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. XIII, p. 210-216]
 II. At the beginning of the meeting the Chief of the Security
Police and the SD, SS Lieutenant General Heydrich, reported his
appointment by the Reich Marshal [Goering] to service as
Commissioner for the preparation of the Final Solution of the
European Jewish Problem....

In the course of this final solution of the European Jewish
Problem, approximately 11 million Jews are involved. They are
distributed among individual countries as follows:

A. Original Reich Territory [Altreich]       131,800
   Austria                                   43,700
   Eastern territories                       420,000
   Government General [Nazi occupied Poland] 2,284,000
   The Netherlands                           160,800
   Rumania, including Bessarabia             342,000
   Hungary                                   742,800
   USSR                                     5,000,000
     White Russia, excluding Bialystok        446,484

[Many countries deleted for brevity]

                                TOTAL over 11,000,000

Under proper direction the Jews should now in the course of the
Final Solution be brought to the East in a suitable way for use 
as labor. In big labor gangs, with separation of the sexes, the
Jews capable of work are brought to these areas and employed in
road building, in which task undoubtedly a great part will fall
out through natural diminution.

The remnant that finally is able to survive all this - since this
is undoubtedly the part with the strongest resistance - must
be treated accordingly since these people, representing a natural
selection, are to be regarded as the germ cell of a new Jewish
development. (See the experience of history).

In the program of the practical execution of the Final Solution,
Europe is combed through from the West to the East...
In the course of the final solution plans, the Nuernberg laws
are in a certain degree to form the basis, and accordingly the
complete settlement of the problem is to include also the
solution of the mixed marriage and the Mischling [people partly
of Jewish descent]...

The first degree Mischling excepted from the evacuation is to
be sterilized in order to prevent any offspring and to settle
the Mischling problem once and for all...

Excerpted from a memorandum dated 27 April, 1942 by Dr. Erhard 
Wetzel  (a lawyer), who was serving as desk officer in the Reich 
Ministry for  the Eastern Territories
["Nazism:  A History in Documents and Eyewitness Accounts, 1919-1945", 
Volume II, J.Noakes and G.Pridham, editors. Schocken Books, New York, 
(c)1988 by the Dept. of History and Archeology, University of Exeter.  
ISBN 0-8053-0973-5 (vol. 1), 0-8052-0972-7 (vol. 2). Document #690 on 
Re:  the Solution of the Polish Question 

 ...It should be obvious that one cannot solve the Polish problem by 
liquidating the Poles in the same way as the Jews.  Such a solution 
to the Polish problem would burden the German people with guilt for 
years to come and lose us the sympathies of people everywhere, 
particularly since our neighbors would be bound to reckon that 
they would be treated in the same way when the time came. 

A letter to Rosenberg enclosing reports from Generalkommisar for
white Russia, Kube, about the extermination of Jews in the east,
June 18 1943
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Vol I, p. 1001]
 ...The fact that Jews receive special treatment requires no further
discussion. However, it appears hardly believable that this is done
in the way described in the report of the General Commissioner of
1 June 1943. What is Katyn against that? Imagine only that these
occurrences would become known to the other side and exploited by them!
Most likely such propaganda would have no effect only because
people who hear who hear and read about it simply would not be ready
to believe it.

["Special treatment" and "resettlement" mean extermination, as is
 obvious from many such documents; consider, for instance, the

Memorandum of Gestapo Headquarters, 15 June 1944
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. IV, p. 1166]
In amending my directive of June 20 1944, I request that those people
subject to special treatment be sent to a crematorium to be cremated
if possible.


Letter from Dr. Erhard Wetzel to Reichskommissar Lohse, October 25, 1941
[Hitler and the Final Solution - G. Fleming, University of California
Press, 1984, p. 70]
With regard to my letter of 18 October 1941, please be informed that
Oberdiensleiter [Chief Executive Officer] Brack from the Fuehrer's
Chancellory has stated his readiness to assist in the construction of
the necessary accommodations and gassing apparatuses, so they must
first be constructed. Brack's view is that, since construction of the
apparatuses within the Reich would present far greater difficulties
than on-site production, the most expedient course of action is to
send his people directly to Riga, in particular his chemist Dr.
Kallmeyer, who will take the necessary steps from there.
Oberdiensleiter Brack further points out that the procedure in
question is not without its hazards, and that therefore special safety
precautions are needed. Under these circumstances, I ask you to
contact Oberdiensleiter Brack in the Fuehrer's Chancellory through
your higher SS and Police leader. Please request from him the
dispatching of the chemist Dr. Kallmeyer and any further assistants
that are needed. I might further point out that Sturmbannfuehrer
Eichmann, the adviser on Jewish affairs in the Reich main security
office, is in complete accord with this procedure. According to the
information received here from Sturmbannfuehrer Eichmann, camps for
Jews will be set up in Riga and Minsk, where Jews from the Altreich
[Germany proper] might also be sent. Jews are currently being
evacuated from the Altreich to Lodz and other camps, from which those
fit for work will be transferred to work forces in the east. Given the
present situation, Jews who are not fit for work can be eliminated
without qualms through use of the Brack device. Incidents such as
those that took place during the shootings of Jews in Vilna, according
to a report I have on my desk, can hardly be sanctioned, keeping in
mind that the executions were undertaken openly, and the new
procedures assure that such incidents will no longer be possible. Jews
fit for work, on the other hand, will be transported to work forces in
the east. That the men and women in this latter group must be kept
apart from each other goes without saying. Please keep me informed as
to any further measures you take.

Letter from Dr August Becker to SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Rauff, 16 May 1942
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Vol III, p. 418]
I ordered the vans of group D to be camouflaged as house trailers by
putting one set of window shutters on each side of the small van and
two on each side of the large vans, such as one often sees on farm
houses in the country. The vans became so well known, that not only
the authorities but also the civilian population called the van "death
van", as soon as one of these vehicles appeared. It is my opinion the
van cannot be kept secret for any length of time, not even

Besides that, I ordered that during application of gas all the men
were to be kept as far away from the vans as possible, so they should
not suffer damage to their health by the gas which eventually would
escape. I should like to take this opportunity to bring the following
to your attention: several commands have had the unloading after the
application of gas done by their own men. I brought to the attention
of those S.K [Special Kommando] concerned the immense psychological
injuries and damages involved to their health that this work can have
for those men, even if not immediately, at least later on. The men
complained to me about head-aches which appeared after each unloading.
Nevertheless they don't want to change the orders, because they are
afraid prisoners called for that work could use an opportune moment to
flee. To protect the men from these damages, I request orders to be
issued accordingly.

The application of the gas is not undertaken correctly. In order to
come to an end as fast as possible, the driver presses the accelerator
to the fullest extent. By doing that the persons to be executed suffer
death from suffocation and not death by dozing off as was planned. My
directions have now proved that by correct adjustment of the levers
death comes faster and the prisoners fall asleep peacefully. Distorted
faces and excretions, such as could be seen before, are no longer

Letter from Willy Just to SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Walter Rauff, 5 June 1942
["Nazism:  A History in Documents and Eyewitness Accounts, 1919-1945", 
Volume II, J.Noakes and G.Pridham, editors. Schocken Books, New York, 
(c)1988 by the Dept. of History and Archeology, University of Exeter.  
ISBN 0-8053-0973-5 (vol. 1), 0-8052-0972-7 (vol. 2). Document #913]

["Nazism: A History in Documents and Eye Witness Accounts, 191-1945" vol. 2, 
 document 913]
RE: Technical alterations to the special vehicles already in operation
and those in production.

Since December 1941, for example, 97,000 have been processed using
three vans without any faults developing in the vehicles. The
well-known explosion in Kulmhof (Chelmno) must be treated as a special
case. It was caused by faulty practice. Special instructions have been
given to the relevant offices in order to avoid such accidents. The
instructions were such as to ensure a considerable increase in the
degree of security.

Further operational experience hitherto indicates that the following
technical alterations are appropriate....

 2) The vans are normally loaded with 9-10 people per square meter.
With the large Saurer special vans this is not possible because
although they do not become overloaded their maneuverability is much
impaired. A reduction in the load area appears desirable. It can be
achieved by reducing the size of the van by c. 1 meter. The difficulty
referred to cannot be overcome by reducing the size of the load. For a
reduction in the numbers will necessitate a longer period of operation
because the free spaces will have to be filled with CO. By contrast, a
smaller load area which is completely full requires a much sorter
period of operation since there are no free spaces.....

 3) The connecting hoses between the exhaust and the van frequently
rust through because they are corroded inside by the liquids which
fall on them.  To prevent this the connecting piece must be moved so
that the gas is fed from the top downwards. This will prevent liquids
flowing in.....

 6) The lighting must be better protected against damage than
hitherto....It has been suggested that lighting should be dispensed
with since they are allegedly never used. However, experience shows
that when the rear door is closed and therefore when it becomes dark,
the cargo presses hard towards the door....It makes it difficult to
latch the door. Furthermore, it has been observed that the noise
always begins when the doors are shut presumably because of fear
brought on by the darkness.

Letter from SS-Hauptsturmfuehrer Truehe to Reich security office, room 2D3A
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Vol. I, p. 1001]
A transport of Jews, which has to be treated in a special way, arrives
weekly at the office of the commandant of the Security Police and the
Security Service of white Ruthenia. The three S-vans which are there
are not sufficient for that purpose. I request assignment of another
S-van (five tons). At the same time I request the shipment of twenty
gas hoses for the three S-vans on hand since the ones on hand are leaky


Regulations for the chief of the Security Police and of the
Security service, 17 July 1941
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Vol. III, p. 422-425]
 ...By use of such informers and by use of all other existing
possibilities, the discovery of all elements to be eliminated
among the prisoners, must succeed step by step at once. The
commandos must learn for themselves, in every case, by short 
questioning of the informers and eventual questioning of other

The information of one informer is nor sufficient to designate
a camp inmate to be a suspect, without further proof; it must
be confirmed in some way if possible.

Above all, the following must be discovered:

All important functionaries of state and party, especially
professional revolutionaries.

Functionaries of the Komintren.

All policy forming party functionaries of the KPDSU and its fellow
organizations in the central committees, in the regional and 
district committees.

All Peoples-Commissars and their deputies.

All former Political Commissars in the Red Army.

Leading personalities of the state authorities of central and
middle regions.

The leading personalities in the business world.

Members of the Soviet-Russian intelligence.

All Jews.

All persons, who are found to be agitators of fanatical communists.

Letter from Generalkommisar for white Russia, Kube, to Reichkommisar
for the Ostland, Lohse, 31 July 1942
['The Good Old Days' - E. Klee, W. Dressen, V. Riess, The Free Press, 
NY, 1988, p. 180-181]
During the course of extensive discussions with SS-Brigadefuehrer Zenner
and the very competent Leiter of the SD, SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Dr.
Strauch, it was established that we have liquidated about 55,000 Jews
in the past ten weeks...

Naturally the SD and I would prefer to eliminate the Jews in the 
Generalbezirk of white Russia once and for all as soon as the Jews 
are no longer needed by the Wehrmacht for economic reasons. For the time
being, the Wehrmacht's requirements, as the principle employer of
Jewish labor, are being taken into account.

Report No. 51 of Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler to Hitler about mass 
executions in the east, 1942
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. XIII, p. 269-272]
                              August  September  October  November   

Prisoners executed
after interrogation            2,100    1,400     1,596     2,731    
Accomplices of guerrilla and
guerrilla suspects executed    1,198    3,020     6,333     3,706    
Jews executed                 31,246   165,282    95,735   70,948
Villages and localities
Burned down or destroyed        35       12         20       92

Letter from SS Major-General Stahlecker to SS General Heydrich, 
January 31, 1942
[The Final Solution: The Attempt to Exterminate the Jews of Europe,
1939-1945 - G. Reitlinger, South Brunswick, T. Yosellof, 1968, p. 233]
The complete removal of Jewry from the eastern territories has been
substantially attained, with the exception of white Russia, as a result
of the execution up to the present time of 229,052 Jews.

Daily situation report of the Einsatzgruppen (special task forces)
in Russia, No. 124, October 25th, 1941
[The Final Solution: The Attempt to Exterminate the Jews of Europe,
1939-1945 - G. Reitlinger, South Brunswick, T. Yosellof, 1968, p. 133]
A second action consisted in applying special treatment to 812 
men and women, all persons without interest from the racial and
intellectual point of view.

Order by Reichskommissar Lohse to halt the killing of Jewish skilled
workers, December 2 1941
[Documents on the Holocaust - Edited by Y. Arad, Y. Gutman, A. Margaliot,
NY, Ktav Pub. House in Association with Yad-Vashem, 1981, p. 396]
Reichskommissar for Ostland                 Riga, December 2 1941
IIa diary No. 220/41g

The Chief Quartermaster (Chiefintendant) of the Wehrmacht Command in
Ostland has lodged a complaint that armament plants and repair
workshops have been deprived of Jewish skilled workers through
their liquidation, and that they cannot be replaced there at the
present time.

I request most emphatically that the liquidation of Jews employed
as skilled workers in armament plants and repair workshops of the
Wehrmacht who cannot be replaced by local personnel be prevented.

Ereignismeldung UdSSR, No. 101, October 2 1941
['The Good Old Days' - E. Klee, W. Dressen, V. Riess, The Free Press, 
NY, 1988, p. 67]
Einsatzgruppen C
Standort Kiev

In collaboration with the group staff and two Kommandos of Police
Regiment South, on 29 and 30 September 1941, Sonderkommando 4a
executed 33,771 Jews in Kiev.

Ereignismlrdung UdSSR, No. 128, November 3 1941
['The Good Old Days' - E. Klee, W. Dressen, V. Riess, The Free Press, 
NY, 1988, p. 68]
In Kiev, difficulties that arose during the execution of a major action
of this type - particularly with regard to registration - were overcome
by the use of posters announcing that all Jews were to report for
resettlement. Although it was initially thought that the action would
only involve 5,000 to 6,000 Jews, more than 30,000 Jews reported, who
as a result of extremely efficient organization still believed they
were going to be resettled right up until the time they were executed.

Despite that fact that up to now a total of some 75,000 Jews have been
liquidated in this way, it has nevertheless become apparent that this
method will not provide a solution to the Jewish problem.

Report from chief of Security Police and SD, June 17 1942
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Supplement A, p. 661]
The Jews in the Crimea.
Already in 1939, out of 65,000 Jews in the Crimea, 44,000 (that
is almost 70 percent) live in the cities of Simferopol, Sevastopol,
Kertch, Jewpatoria, Yalta, and Feodosia alone...
Of the Krimtschaks (approx. 6,000) who were generally counted to
be Jews, about half lived for the greater part in Simferopol 
(2,500) and in Karasubarsar. Their annihilation together with
that of the real Jews and the Gypsies in the Crimea took part
place essentially until the beginning of December 1941.

Weekly report from Frank's [Governor of occupied Poland] propaganda
department, October 26, 1942
[The Final Solution: The Attempt to Exterminate the Jews of Europe,
1939-1945 - G. Reitlinger, South Brunswick, T. Yosellof, 1968, p. 283]
The resettlement of Jews (which partly assumes forms not worthy of
a cultured people) directly provokes comparison of the methods of
the Gestapo with those of the GPU. The railway wagons are said to
be in such a bad state that it is impossible to prevent Jews breaking
out. The result is that at wayside stations there occur wild shootings
and regular man-hunts. It is also reported that corpses of shot Jews
lie on the streets for days. Although the Reich Germans, as well as
the foreign population, are convinced of the necessity of liquidating
all Jews, it would still be more appropriate to carry this out in
a manner that causes less sensation and offense.

Order of Boehme, Commanding General Serbia, October 10 1941,
Regarding Executions of Hostages
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. XI, p. 977]
  2. In all garrison towns in Serbia all Communists, male residents
suspected as such, all Jews, a certain number of nationalistic and
democratically inclined residents are to be arrested as hostages,
by means of sudden action...

  3. If losses of German soldiers or ethnic Germans occur, the 
territorially competent commanders up to the regimental commanders 
are to decree the shooting of arrestees according to the
following quotas:

  a. For each killed or murdered German soldier or ethnic German (man,
woman or child) 100 prisoners or hostages.

  b. For each wounded German soldier or ethnic German, 50 prisoners
or hostages.

The shootings are to be carried out by the troops.

Order of Commanding General in Serbia, October 4 1941, ordering mass
execution of concentration camp inmates for the killing of 21 German
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. XI, p. 976]
Twenty-one soldiers were tortured to death by Communist bandits
in a bestial manner on 2 October in a surprise attack units of
the signal regiment between Belgrade and Obrenovac. As reprisal
and retaliation, 100 Serbian prisoners are to be shot at once
for each murdered German soldier. The Chief of the Military
administration is requested to pick out 2,100 inmates in the
concentration camp Sabac in Belgrade (primarily Jews and
Communists) and to fix the time and place as well as burial place.


Letter from chief of institution for feeble-minded in Stetten to
Reich Minister of justice Dr. Frank, September 6 1940
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 854]
Dear Reich Minister,

The measure being taken at present with mental patients of all
kinds have caused a complete lack of confidence in justice among
large groups of people. Without the consent of relatives and
guardians, such patients are being transferred to different
institutions. After a short time they are notified that the
person concerned has died of some disease...

If the state really wants to carry out the extermination of these
or at least of some mental patients, shouldn't a law be
promulgated, which can be justified before the people - a law
that would give everyone the assurance od careful examination
as to whether he is due to die or entitled to live and which
would also give the relatives a chance to be heard, in a
similar way, as provided by the law for the prevention of
Hereditarily affected Progeny?

Letter from Dr. Wurm, of the Wuerttemberg Evangelical Provincial Church,
to Reich Minister of interior Dr. Frick, September 5 1940
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Supp. A, p. 1223]
Dear Reich Minister,

On July 19th I sent you a letter about the systematic extermination
of lunatics, feeble-minded and epileptic persons. Since then this
practice has reached tremendous proportions: recently the inmates of
old-age homes have also been included. The basis for this practice
seems to be that in an efficient nation there should be no room
for weak and frail people. It is evident from the many reports which
we are receiving that the people's feelings are being badly hurt
by the measures ordered and that the feeling of legal insecurity
is spreading which is regrettable from the point of view of national
and state interest.

Letter from Dr. Hilfrich, Bishop of Limburg, to the Reich Minister of
Justice, August 13 1941 
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 845-846]
Regarding the report submitted on July 16 by the Chairman of the Fulda
Bishops' conference, Cardinal Dr. Bertram, I consider it my duty to
present the following as a concrete illustration of destruction of
so-called "useless life".

About 8 Kilometers from Limburg in the little town of Hadamar, on a
hill overlooking the town, there is an institution which had formerly
served various purposes and of late had been used as a nursing home.
This institution was renovated and furnished as a place in which, by
consensus of opinion, the above mentioned Euthanasia has been
systematically practiced for months- approximately since February
1941. This fact is, of course, known beyond the administrative
district of Wiesbaden...

Several times a week buses arrive in Hadamard with a considerable
number of such victims. School children of the vicinity know this
vehicle and say "here comes the murder-box again". After the arrival
of the vehicle, the citizens of Hadamar watch the smoke rise out of
the chimney...

The effect of the principles at work here that children call each
other names and say "you're crazy; you'll be sent to the baking oven
in Hadamar"...

All God-fearing man consider this destruction of helpless beings a
crass injustice...

Officials of the State Police, it is said, are trying to suppress
discussions of the Hadamar occurrences by means of severe threats...

I beg you most humbly, Herr Reich Minister, in the sense of the report
of the Episcopate of 16 July of this year, to prevent further
transgressions of the Fifth Commandment of God.

Letter from Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler to SS-Oberfuehrer Brack, 
19 December 1940
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 856]
Dear Brack,

I hear there is great excitement on the Alb because of the Grafeneck
The population recognizes the gray automobiles of the SS and think they
know what is going on at the constantly smoking crematory.  What happens
there is a secret and yet is no longer one.  Thus the worst feeling has
arisen there, and in my opinion there remains only one thing, to
discontinue the use of the institution in this place and in any event
disseminate information in a clever and sensible manner by showing motion
pictures on the subject of inherited and mental diseases in just that
May I ask for a report as to how the difficult problem is solved?

Extract from the Diary of General Halder, September-November 1941
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. X, p. 1195-1196]
26 September 1941:
h. Mental institutions in Army Group North. Russians regards the
   feebleminded as sacred beings. Killing them is necessary,


Letter from SS-Oberfuehrer Brack to Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler, June 23, 1942
[Documents on the Holocaust - Edited by Y. Arad, Y. Gutman, A. Margaliot,
NY, Ktav Pub. House in Association with Yad-Vashem, 1981, p. 272]
Honorable Mr. Reichsfuehrer!

On instruction from Reichsleiter Bouhler I placed a part of my men at
the disposal of Brigadefuehrer Globocnik some considerable time ago
for his special task. Following a further request from him, I have
now made available more personnel. On this occasion Brigadefuehrer 
Globocnik pressed the view that the whole action against the Jews 
should be carried out as quickly as it is in any way possible, so
that we will not some day be stuck in the middle should any kind
of difficulty make it necessary to stop the action. you yourself,
Mr. Reichsfuehrer, expressed the view to me at an earlier time that
one must work as fast as possible, if only for reasons of concealment.
Both views are more than justified according to my own experience,
and basically they produce the same results. Nevertheless I beg to
be permitted to present the following consideration of my own in
this connection:

According to my impression there are at least 2-3 million men and
women well fit for work among the approx. 10 million European
Jews. In consideration of the exceptional difficulties posed for
us by the question of labor, I am of the opinion that these 2-3
million should in any case be taken out and kept alive. Of course
this can only be done if they are in the same time rendered
incapable of reproduction. I reported to you about a year ago that
persons under my instruction have completed the necessary experiments
for this purpose. I wish to bring up these facts again. The type
of sterilization which is normally carried out on persons with
genetic disease is out of the question in this case, as it takes
too much time and is expensive. Castration by means of X-rays, 
however, is not only relatively cheap, but can be carried out on
many thousands in a very short time. I believe that it has become
unimportant at the present time whether those affected will then
in the course of a few weeks or months realize by the effects that
they are castrated.

In the event, Mr. Reichsfuehrer, that you decide to choose these
means in the interest of maintaining labor-material, Reichsleiter
Bouhler will be ready to provide the doctors and other personnel
needed to carry out this work. He also instructed me to inform you
that I should then order the required equipment as quickly as

Letter from Dr. Pokorny to Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler, October 1941
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Supp. A, p. 1279]
Prompted by the thought that the enemy must not only be conquered but
exterminated, I feel obliged to submit the following to you as the
Reich Plenipotentiary for the Consolidation of German Folkdom:

Dr. Madous is publishing the results of his research into sterilization
by medicaments (I enclose both works). In reading this article, I was
struck by the enormous importance of this medicament in the present
struggle of our people. Should it be possible to produce as soon as
possible, as a result of this research, a medicament which, after a
comparatively brief period, would cause an unnoticed sterilization
in individuals, we would have in our disposal a new and very effective
weapon. The thought alone that the 3 million Bolsheviks now in German
captivity could be sterilized, so that they would be available for
work but precluded from propagation, opens up the most far-reaching

Letter from SS-Oberfuehrer Gund to Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler, 
August 24, 1942
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 717]
At the orders of Gauleiter Dr. Jury, his staff have hitherto busied
themselves especially with the problems of population, racial policy,
and antisocial elements. Since the prevenation of reproduction by
the congenitally unfit and racially inferior belongs to the duties
of our National Socialist racial and demographic policy, the present 
director of the District Office for Racial Policy, Gauhauptstellenleiter
Dr. Fehringer, has examined the question of sterilization and found
that the methods so far available, castration and sterilization, are
not sufficient in themselves to meet expectations. Consequently, the
obvious question occurred to him whether impotence and sterility in
could not be produced in men and women by the administration of medicine
or injections...

The director of my race policy office points out that the necessary
research and human experiments could be undertaken by by an
appropriately selected medical staff, basing their work on the
Madaus animal experiments in cooperation with the pharmacological
institute of the Faculty of Medicine of Vienna, on the persons of
of the inmates of the Gypsy camp of Lackenbach in Lower Danube.

Letter from Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler to SS-Oberfuehrer Brack, 11 August 
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 722]
Dear Brack,

It is only today that I have the opportunity of acknowledging the
receipt of your letter of June 23. I am positively interested in
seeing the sterilization by X-rays tried out at least once in one camp
in a series of experiments.

Letter from Blankenburg to Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler, 29 April 1944
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, 723]
By order of Reichsleiter Bouhler I submit to you as an enclosure a work
of Dr. Horst Schumann on the influence of X-rays on human genital glands.

Previously you have asked Oberfuehrer Brack to perform this work, and
you supported it by providing the adequate material in the concentration
camp Auschwitz. I point especially to the second part of this work,
which shows that by those means castration of males is almost impossible
or requires an effort which does not pay. As I have convinced myself,
operative castration requires not more than 6 to 7 minutes, and therefore
can be performed more reliably and quicker than castration by X-rays.

Soon I will be able to submit a continuation of this work to you.

Letter from SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Brandt to Prof. Clauberg, 10 July 1942
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 729]
Today the Reich Leader SS charged me with transmitting to you his wish
that you go to Ravensbrueck after you have had another talk with
SS-Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl and the camp physician of the women's
concentration camp Ravensbrueck, in order to perform the sterilization
of Jewesses according to your method...

Thorough experiments should be conducted to investigate the effect of
the sterilization largely in a way that you find out after a certain
time, which you would have to fix, perhaps by X-rays, what kind of
changes have taken place. In some cases a practical experiment might
be arranged by locking up a Jewess and a Jew together for a certain
period and then seeing what results are achieved.

Memorandum of SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Brandt on discussion between
Himmler, Gebhart, Gluecks, and Clauberg concerning sterilization
experiments conducted on Jewesses
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 728]
                                    Fuehrer Headquarters, July 1942

On 7 July 1942 a discussion took place between the Reich Leader SS,
SS-Brigadefuehrer Professor Dr. Gebhart, SS-Brigadefuehrer Gluecks,
and SS-Brigadefuehrer Clauberg, Koenigshette. The topic of the
discussion was the sterilization of Jewesses. The Reich Leader
SS has promised Brigadefuehrer Professor Clauberg that Auschwitz
concentration camp will be at his disposal for his experiments on
human beings and animals. By means of some fundamental experiments,
a method should be found which would lead to sterilization of persons
without their knowledge. The Reich Leader SS wanted to get another
report as soon as the result of these experiments was known, so
that the sterilization of Jewesses could then be carried out in 

It should also be examined, preferably in cooperation with Professor
Dr. Hohlfelder, an X-ray specialist in Germany, what way sterilization
of men could be achieved by X-ray treatment.

The Reich Leader SS called the special attention of all gentlemen
present to the fact that the matter involved was most secret and
should be discussed only with the officers in charge and that
the persons present at the experiments had to pledge secrecy.

Letter from Professor Clauberg to Himmler, June 7 1943, on his
research concerning sterilization of women
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol 1, p. 730]
Dear Reich Leader,

Today I am fulfilling my obligation to report to you from time to
time about the state of my research work...

The method I contrived to achieve the sterilization of the female
organism without operation is as good as perfected. It can be
performed by a single injection made through the entrance of
the uterus in the course of the customary gynecological
examination known to every physician. If I say that the
method is "as good as perfected" this means:

1. Still to be worked out are only minor improvements of the method.

2. Already today it could be put to practical use in the course
   of our regular eugenic sterilization and could thus replace
   the operation.

As to the question which you, Reich Leader, asked me almost a
one year ago, i.e., how much time would probably be required
to sterilize 1,000 women by using this method. Today I can
answer you with regard to the future as follows:

If my researches continue to have the same results as up to 
now - and there is no reason to doubt that - then the moment is
not far off when I can say:

"One adequately trained physician in one adequately equipped
 place, with perhaps 10 assistants (the number of assistants in
 conformity with the speed desired) will most likely be able to
 deal with several hundred, if not even 1,000 per day".


Letter from SS-Standartenfuehrer Sievers to SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer
Dr. Brandt, November 2 1942
[Trial of the Major War Criminals Before the International Military
Tribunal, Vol. XX, p. 520]
Dear Comarade Brandt,

As you know, the Reichsfuehrer-SS has directed that
SS-Hauptsturmfuehrer Prof. Dr. Hirt be supplied with everything
needed for his research work. For certain anthropological
researches - I already reported to the Reichsfuehrer-SS on
them - 150 skeletons of prisoners, or rather Jews, are
required, which are to be supplied by the KL Auschwitz.

Letter from Graum to Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler, June 1 1943
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Supp. A, p. 1273]
Dear Reichsfuehrer,

The fuehrer's Commissioner-General, SS Brigadefuehrer Professor Dr. Brandt,
called me with the request that I should assist him by placing prisoners
at his disposal for research work into the cause of contagious 
jaundice (Hepatitis epidemica) which he was furthering considerably.

The work has been carried out up to now by a medical captain, Dr. Dohmen,
within the framework of the research place of the army medical inspectorate,
with the participation of the Robert Koch institute. It has up to now led
to the result, in agreement with the result of other German research
workers, that contagious jaundice is not carried by bacteria but by a
virus. In order to increase our knowledge, which is based up to now
only on vaccination experiments from men to animals, the reverse way
is now necessary, namely the vaccination of the cultivated virus germ
into humans. One must reckon on cases of death.

Letter to SS-Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl, 19 May 1944
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Supp. A, p. 1270-1271]
Dear Obergruppenfuehrer,

Following our application of 30.9.43, you gave me your authorization on the 
25.10.43 for the carrying out of experiments with a view to producing a
new kind of spotted fever serum and transferred 100 suitable prisoners
to Natzweiler for this purpose. It has been possible to carry out the
experiments very satisfactorily so far with the help of the chief of
Department D III, SS Standartenfuehrer Dr. Dolling commissioned by you.

Letter from SS-Sturmbannfuehrer Brandt to SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Sievers,
21 March 1942
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 144]
Reference is made to the subatmospheric pressure experiments which are
being carried out on concentration camp inmates in the Dachau camp by
the air force. The Reich Leader-SS has approved the experiments under
the conditions that SS-Untersturmfuehrer Dr. Rascher who is an 
Obersturmfuehrer in the air-force, will take part in them.

Letter from SS-Untersturmfuehrer Rascher to Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler, 
5 April 1942
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 144-147]
Highly esteemed Reich Leader:

Enclosed is an interim report on the low-pressure experiments so far
conducted in the concentration camp of Dachau...

Only continuous experiments at altitudes higher than 10.5 Km resulted
in death. These experiments showed that breathing stopped after about
30 minutes, while in two cases the electrocardiographically charted
action of the heart continued for another 20 minutes.

The third experiment of this type took such an extraordinary course
that I called an SS physician of the camp as a witness, since I had
worked on these experiments all by myself. It was a continuous
experiment without oxygen at a height of 12 Km. conducted on a 37-year
old Jew in good general condition. Breathing continued up to 30
minutes. After 4 minutes the experimental subject began to perspire
and to wiggle his head, after 5 minutes cramps occurred, between 6
and 10 minutes breathing increased in speed and the experimental
subject became unconscious; from 11 to 30 minutes breathing slowed
down to three breaths per minute, finally stopping altogether. 

Severest cyanosis developed in between and foam appeared at the mouth...

 Autopsy report

One hour later after breathing had stopped, the spinal marrow was
completely severed and the brain was removed. Thereupon the action
of the auricle stopped for 40 seconds. In then renewed its action,
coming to a complete standstill 8 minutes later. A heavy subarchnoid
oedema was found in the brain. In the veins and arteries of the brain
a considerable quantity of air was discovered.

Letter from SS-Untersturmfuehrer Rascher to Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler, 
11 May 1942
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 152-155]
Highly esteemed Reich Leader,

Enclosed I am forwarding a short summary on the principle experiments
conducted up to date...

For the following experiments Jewish professional criminals who had 
committed race pollution were used. The question of the formation of 
embolism was investigated in 10 cases. Some of the experimental subjects 
died during a continued high-altitude experiment; for instance, after
one-half hour at the height of 12 Km. After the skull had been opened
under water an ample amount of air embolism was found in the brain
vessels and, in part, free air in the brain ventricles.

To find out whether the severe psychic and physical effects, as 
mentioned under No. 3, are due to the formation of embolism, the
following was done: After relative recuperation from such a 
parachute descending test had taken place, however, before regaining
consciousness, some experimental subjects were kept under water
until they died. When the skull and the cavities of the breast and
of the abdomen had been opened under water, an enormous amount of
air embolism was found in the vessels of the brain, the coronary
vessels, and vessels of the liver and the intestines, etc.

It was also proved by experiments that air embolism occurs in
practically all vessels even while pure oxygen is being inhaled.
One experimental subject was made to breathe pure oxygen for
2.5 hours before the experiment started. After 6 minutes at a
height of 20 Km, he died and at dissection also showed ample
air embolism, as was the case in all other experiments.

Report by SS-Untersturmfuehrer Rascher about intense cooling experiments
in Dachau concentration camps, 10 September 1942
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 220]
The experimental subjects were placed in the water, dressed in complete
flying uniform, winter or summer combination, and with an aviator's
helmet. A life jacket made out of rubber kapok was to prevent
submerging. The experiments were carried out at water temperatures
varying from from 2.5 to 12 Centigrade. In one experimental series,
the occiput (brain stem) protruded above the water, while in another
series of experiments the occiput (brain stem) and back of the head
were submerged in water.

Electrical measurements gave low temperature readings of 26.4 in the
stomach and 26.5 in the rectum. Fatalities occurred only when the
brain stem and the back of the head were also chilled. Autopsies of
of such fatal cases always revealed large amounts of free blood, up
to one-half litter, in the cranial cavity.

Report by Prof. Dr. Holzloehner, Dr. Rascher, and Dr. Finke, regarding
cooling experiments, 10 October 1942
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 226-243]
If the experimental subject was placed in the water under narcosis,
one observed a certain arousing effect. The subject began to groan
and made some defensive movements. In a few cases a state of excitation
developed. This was especially severe in the cooling of head and
neck. But never was a complete cessation of the narcosis observed.
The defensive movements ceased after about 5 minutes. There
followed a progressive rigor, which developed especially strongly
in the arm musculature; the arms were strongly flexed and pressed to
the body. The rigor increased with the continuation of the cooling,
now and then interrupted by tonic-clonic twitchings. With still more
marked sinking of the body temperature it suddenly ceased. These
cases ended fatally, without any successful results from resuscitation

Letter from SS-Untersturmfuehrer Dr. Rascher to SS-Sturmbannfuehrer
Rudolph Brandt, October 3 1942
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. I, p. 221-222]
The Reich leader SS wants to be informed of the state of the
experiments. I can announce that the experiments have been
concluded, with the exception of those on warming with body
heat. The final report will be ready in about 5 days. Prof.
Holzloehner, for reasons I cannot fathom, does not himself
want to make the report to the Reich Leader Himmler and has
asked me to attend to it. This report must be made before
20 October, because the great Luftwaffe [German air-force]
conference on freezing takes place on Nuernberg on 25 October.
The report on the results of our research must be made there,
to assure that they be used in time for the troops. May I ask 
you to arrange for a decision from the Reich Leader regarding
the final report to him, and the submission to him of the
relevant material? 

Today I received your letter of 22 September 1942, in which the
Reich Leader orders that the experiments on warming through
body heat must absolutely be conducted. Because of incomplete
address it was delayed. Today I asked Obersturmbannfuehrer
Sievers to send a telegram to the camp commander immediately,
to the effect that four Gypsy women be procured at once
from another camp. Moreover, I asked SS Obersturmbannfuehrer
Sievers to take steps to have the low pressure chamber ready
for use.


Letter from SS-Brigadefuehrer Frank to chief of administration of 
Auschwitz, concerning the utilization and distribution of "evacuated" 
Jews, 26 September 1942
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. XIII, p. 256-258]
e) Women's clothing and women underwear including footwear, children's
clothing and children's underwear including footwear have to be handed 
over to the Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle against payment...

f) Featherbeads, quilts, woolen blankets, cloth for suits, shawls,
umbrellas, walking sticks, thermos flasks, earflaps, baby carriages,
combs, handbags, leather belts, shopping baskets, tobacco pipes,
sun glasses, mirrors, table knives, forks and spoons, knapsacks, and
suitcases made from leather or artificial material are to be delivered
to the Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle. The question of payment will be
decided later...

h) Spectacles and eyeglasses of every kind are to be handed in to
the medical office for utilization. (Spectacles with golden frames
have to be handed in without glasses together with the rare metals).

Letter from prison warden Guenther to the general commissar of white
Ruthenia, Minsk, 31 May 1943
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Vol. VIII, p. 208]
Since that time all German and Russian Jews who were turned to us,
had their golden bridgework, crowns and fillings pulled or broken
out. This happens 1 to 2 hours before the respective action.

Since April 13 1943, 516 German and Russian Jews have been finished
off. On the basis of a definitive investigation, gold was taken
only in two actions, on 14 April 1943 from 172, and on 27 April
1943 from 164 Jews. About 50% of the Jews had gold teeth, bridgework
or fillings. Hauptscharfuehrer Ruebe of the security police was always 
personally present and he took the gold along too.

Letter from SS-Gruppenfuehrer Katzmann to SS-Obergruppenfuehrer Kruger,
regarding the "solution of the Jewish problem in Galicia", and giving
a breakdown of property taken from the Jews, June 30, 1943
[Documents on the Holocaust - Edited by Y. Arad, Y. Gutman, A. Margaliot,
NY, Ktav Pub. House in Association with Yad-Vashem, 1981, p. 335-341]
Valuables were secured and handed over to the special staff 
"Reinhard". Apart from furniture and large quantities of textile,
etc., the following were confiscated and delivered to special staff

As of June 30, 1943:
20.952 Kg - wedding rings - gold
22.740 Kg - pearls
11.730 Kg - gold teeth

Report by SS-Obergruppenfuehrer Pohl to Himmler's office, February
6 1943, listing items plundered from Jewish victims and delivered
to various Nazi organizations
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. V, p. 699-703]
Report on the realization of textile-salvage from the Jewish
resettlement up to the present date...

1. Reich ministry of economics

Men's old clothing without underwear       97,000 sets
Women's old clothing without underwear     76,000 sets
women's silk underwear                     89,000 sets
                                         Total 34 cars
Rags -           400 cars, 2,700,000 Kg
Bed feathers -   130 cars, 270,000 Kg
Women's hair -   1 car, 3,000 Kg
Scrap material - 5 cars, 19,000 Kg

2. Office for Germanization

Men's clothing:

Pants -        62,000
Shirts -       132,000
Shoes -        31,000 pairs

Women's clothing:

Coats -        155,000
Dresses -      119,000
Panties -      60,000
Brassiers -    25,000
Underwear -    22,000
Kerchiefs -    85,000
Shoes -        111,000
                                               211 cars
[Many more organizations and items cited]

                                    Grand Total 825 cars

Report by SS-Grupenfuehrer Globocnik listing items plundered
from the Jewish victims of "Operation Reinhard" and delivered to
various Nazi organizations. Attached is a detailed list, prepared
by SS-Sturmbannfuehrer Wippern on February 27, 1943.
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. V, p. 704-709]
Valuation of Jewish belongings delivered up to 3 February 1943

1. cash -                     RM 15,931,722.01
   Delivery SS Econ. Krakow - RM 31,500,000.00
   SS WVHA Berlin -           RM  5,581,411.50
                              RM 53,013,133.51

[At that time, 2.5 RM were equal to 1 US Dollar].

2. Foreign currency, notes
   [Long list]             total RM 1,452,904.65
5. Other Valuables
2,894  gold gentlemen's pocket watches
7,313  gold ladies' wrist watches
13,455 gentlemen's pocket watches
22,324 spectacles
7,000  fountain pens
51,370 watches to be repaired
230    clinical thermometers

[many items deleted]

                         Total  RM 26,089,800.00

6. Textiles

462 boxcars rags
253 boxcars feathers for bedding
317 boxcars clothes and linen

                         Total  RM 13,294,400.00


1. Delivered cash and cash on hand         RM  53,013,133.51
2. Foreign currency, notes                 RM   1,452,904.65
3. Foreign currency, minted gold           RM     843,802.75
4. Precious metals                         RM   5,353,943.00
5. Other items                             RM  26,089,800.00
6. Textiles                                RM  13,294,400.00

Total                                      RM 100,047,983.91

[In April 8, 1945, an immense amount of SS loot was discovered hidden in
 a salt mine in Merkers, Germany. Among other items, it contained 
 369.6. lbs of rings and 385 lbs of gold and silver teeth feeling. This
 is reported in Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military 
 Tribunals - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. XIII, 
 p. 376].


Report entitled "Resettlement of Jews" written by SS-Sturmbannfuehrer 
Gricksch for SS-Col. von Herff and Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler, after 
inspection of Auschwitz camp on 14-16 May 1943. 
[Hitler and the Final Solution - G. Fleming, University of California
Press, 1984, p. 142-143]
The Auschwitz camp plays a special role in the resolution of the Jewish
question. The most advance methods permit the execution of the
Fuehrer-order in the shortest possible time and without arousing much
attention. The so-called "resettlement action" runs the following
course: The Jews arrive in special trains (freight cars) toward
evening and are driven on special tracks to areas of the camp
specifically set aside for this purpose. There the Jews are unloaded
and examined for their fitness to work by a team of doctors, in the
presence of the camp commandant and several SS officers. At this point
anyone who can somehow be incorporated into the work program is put in
a special camp. The curably ill are sent straight to a medical camp
and are restored to health through a special diet. The basic principle
behind everything is: conserve all manpower for work. The previous
type of "resettlement action" has been thoroughly rejected, since it
is too costly to destroy precious work energy on a continual basis.

The unfit go to cellars in a large house which are entered from
outside.  They go down five or six steps into a fairly long,
well-constructed and well-ventilated cellar area, which is lined with
benches to the left and right. It is brightly lit, and the benches are
numbered.  The prisoners are told that they are to be cleansed and
disinfected for their new assignments.  They must therefore completely
undress to be bathed. To avoid panic and to prevent disturbances of
any kind, they are instructed to arrange their clothing neatly under
their respective numbers, so that they will be able to find their
things again after their bath.  Everything proceeds in a perfectly
orderly fashion.  Then they pass through a small corridor and enter a
large cellar room which resembles a shower bath.  In this room are
three large pillars, into which certain materials can be lowered from
outside the cellar room. When three- to four-hundred people have been
herded into this room, the doors are shut, and containers filled with
the substances are dropped down into the pillars.  As soon as the
containers touch the base of the pillars, they release particular
substances that put the people to sleep in one minute. A few minutes
later, the door opens on the other side, where the elevator is
located. The hair of the corpses is cut off, and their teeth are
extracted (gold-filled teeth) by specialists (Jews). It has been
discovered that Jews were hiding pieces of Jewelry, gold, platinum
etc., in hollow teeth. Then the corpses are loaded into elevators and
brought up to the first floor, where ten large crematoria are located.
(Because fresh corpses burn particularly well, only 50-100 lbs. of
coke are needed for the whole process.)  The job itself is performed
by Jewish prisoners, who never step outside this camp again.

The results of this "resettlement action" to date: 500,000 Jews.
Current capacity of the "resettlement action" ovens: 10,000 in 24

Notes From Diary of SS-Doctor Kremer, while in Auschwitz
['The Good Old Days' - E. Klee, W. Dressen, V. Riess, The Free Press, 
NY, 1988, p. 256-268]
2 September 1942

3.00 a.m. attended my first Sonderaktion. Dante's Inferno seems to 
me almost a comedy compared to this. They don't call Auschwitz the
extermination camp for nothing!

[Sonderaktion = special action, meaning extermination; in this case,
 gassing. See, for instance, two following document].

5 September 1942

In the morning attended a Sonderaktion from the women's concentration
camp (Muslims); the most dreadful of horrors. Hschf. Thilo -- army
doctor -- was right when he said to me this is the 'anus mundi'. In
the evening towards 8.00 attended another Sonderaktion from

['Muslims' does not mean "practicing Islam"; this is the way the SS
 referred to emaciated people].

10 October 1942

Extracted and fixed fresh live material from liver, spleen and

11 October 1942

Today, Sunday, there was roast hare for lunch -- a real fat leg -- with
dumplings and red cabbage for 1.25 RM.

12 October 1942

Second inoculation against typhus, later on in the evening severe
generalized reaction (fever). Despite this in the night attended a
further Sonderaktion from Holland (1,600 persons). Ghastly scenes in
front of the last bunker! That was the 10th Sonderaktion.

13 November 1942

Extracted fresh live material (liver, spleen and pancreas) from a
previously photographed, severely atrophied Jewish prisoner aged
eighteen. Fixed as always, liver and spleen in Carnoy and pancreas in
Zenker (Prisoner No. 68,030).

Letter from SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Rodl to the inspector of 
concentration camps, SS-Obersturmbannfuehrer Liebehenschel, 14 
November 1941
[Hitler and the Final Solution - G. Fleming, University of California
Press, 1984, p. 99]
The Commandant's office has submitted to date two lists recommending
the conferment of the Kreigverdienstkreuz [war service cross]. In
both of these appear SS personnel who participated in executions. We
herewith request confirmation as to whether these names should be
listed once again in the roll currently under preparation. Further
requested is information as to whether in the recommendation lists
under "reasons and comments of immediate superior" there should be
specified "execution, i.e., special action" or whether a general,
routine reason should be given.

Letter from Bischoff, head of construction management at Auschwitz, to
the SS economic and administrative head office in Berlin, regarding
construction at Auschwitz, 13 October 1942
[Auschwitz: Technique and operation of the gas chambers - J.C Pressac,
the Beate Klarsfeld Foundation, NY, 1989, p. 198]
As regards the construction of the new crematorium building, it was
necessary to start immediately in July 1942 because of the situation
caused by the special actions.

Letter from SS-Sturmbannfuehrer Bischoff, of the Auschwitz construction
department, to SS General Kammler, January 29, 1943
[The Final Solution: The Attempt to Exterminate the Jews of Europe,
1939-1945 - G. Reitlinger, South Brunswick, T. Yosellof, 1968, p. 158-159]
Crematorium No. 2. The completed furnaces have been started up in
the presence of Engineer Prufer from Messers. Topf (of Erfurt). The
planks cannot yet be moved from the ceiling of the mortuary cellar
on account of frost, but this is not important, as the gassing
cellar can be used for that purpose. The ventilation plant has
been held up by restrictions on rail transport, but the installation
should be ready by February 20th.

Letter from SS-Sturmbannfuehrer Bischoff, March 6 1943
[Auschwitz: Technique and operation of the gas chambers - J.C Pressac,
the Beate Klarsfeld Foundation, NY, 1989, p. 434]
 ... order of 6/3/1943 concerning the delivery of a gas tight door
100 x 192 cm for cellar I of Krematorium III, to be produced to
the identical pattern and dimensions as the cellar door of
Krematorium II which is situated opposite, with peephole of
double 8 mm glass, with rubber sealing strip and frame.

Letter from SS-Sturmbannfuehrer Jahrling to SS-General Kammler 
estimating the number of corpses that can be disposed off in 24 hours 
in the Auschwitz crematoriums, June 25 1943
[Auschwitz: Technique and operation of the gas chambers - J.C Pressac,
the Beate Klarsfeld Foundation, NY, 1989, p. 247]
 1.) Crematorium I
  3 x 2 muffles             340 persons

 2.) Crematorium II
  5 x 3 muffles             1440 persons

 3.) Crematorium III
  5 x 3 muffles             1440 persons 

 4.) Crematorium IV
  8 muffles                  768 persons

 5.) Crematorium V
  8 muffles                  768 persons


A letter asking for a truck to bring Zyklon-B to Auschwitz; uses the 
standard camouflage term "resettlement of Jews" to refer to 
extermination. Another such document asks for "material for special 
treatment" - another term used to disguise extermination.
[Auschwitz: Technique and operation of the gas chambers - J.C Pressac,
the Beate Klarsfeld Foundation, NY, 1989, p. 557]
Radio message 13
SS Garrison Radio Station Auschwitz
Origin WVHA [SS economic administration head office]

Received 2nd October 1942 in the Kommandantur of Auschwitz 
Concentration camp

The movement authorization for one 5 Ton truck with trailer to
Dessau and back in order to pick up material for the resettlement
of the Jews, is hereby accorded.
The authorization is to be given to the driver.

                    SS Lieutenant Colonel
              Permanent representative of the head
              of the service with the rank of Waffen SS
              Lieutenant General

For file

Head of the radio station

Letter from SS-Sturmbannfuehrer Jahrling to Topf & Sons, March 6 1943
[Auschwitz: Technique and operation of the gas chambers - J.C Pressac,
the Beate Klarsfeld Foundation, NY, 1989, p. 221]
[This document is interesting for two reasons: first, it demonstrates
that the underground cellars in the crematoriums could not have possibly
been morgues, as morgues are never heated; heating, however, does 
facilitate the evaporation of Zyklon-B. Also, the document - like
many others - makes reference to an "undressing room", and there is
no reason for a morgue to have one near by. Pressac contains numerous
other documents attesting to the design and use of the Auschwitz gas
chambers. Even the fake shower heads are mentioned].

Subject: KL Auschwitz Krematorien II and III

In accordance with your suggestion, the service agrees that cellar 1
should be preheated with the air coming from the rooms of the 3
forced draught installations. The supply and installation of the
ductwork and blowers necessary to this end are to be effected as soon
as possible. As you point out in your above-mentioned letter, 
execution should commence this week. We would ask you to send in
triplicate detailed quote for supply and installation.

At the same time, we would ask you to send an additional quotation
for the modification of the air-extraction installation in the
undressing room.


Message from SS-Grupenfuehrer Heydrich to all State Police Main
Offices and Field Offices, November 10 1938 (before "Kristallnacht",
the "night of broken glass", the first large scale pogrom 
against the Jews)
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Vol. III, p. 545-547]
Regards: Measures against Jews tonight.
a) Only such measures may be taken which do not jeopardize
   German life or property (for instance, burning of synagogues
   only if there is no danger of fires for the neighbourhoods).

b) Business establishments and homes of Jews may be destroyed but
   not looted. The police have been instructed to supervise the
   execution of these directives and to arrest looters.

c) In Business streets special care is to be taken that non-Jewish
   establishments will be safeguarded at all cost against damage.

As soon as the events of this night permit the use of the designated
officers, as many Jews, particularly wealthy ones, as the local
jails will hold, are to be arrested in all districts. Initially
only healthy male Jews, not too old, are to be arrested. After
the arrests have been carried out the appropriate concentration
camp is to be contacted immediately with a view to a quick
transfer of the Jews to the camps...


Excerpts from Verdict of the SS Court in Munich, against 
SS-Untersturmfuehrer Max Taubner, 24 of May 1943
['The Good Old Days' - E. Klee, W. Dressen, V. Riess, The Free Press, 
NY, 1988, p, 196-207]

1. The accused shall not be punished because of the actions against
the Jews as such. The Jews have to be exterminated and none of the 
Jews that were killed is any great loss. Although the accused should
have recognized that the extermination of the Jews was the duty of
Kommandos which were set up especially for this purpose, he should
be excused for considering himself to have the authority to take
part in the extermination of Jewry himself. Real hatred of the Jews
was the driving motivation for the accused. In the process he let
himself be drawn into committing cruel actions in Alexandriya which
are unworthy of a German man and an SS-officer. These excesses cannot
be justified, either, as the accused would like to, as retaliation
for the pain that the Jews have caused the German people. It is not
the German way to apply Bolshevic methods during the necessary
extermination of the worst enemy of our people. In so doing the
conduct of the accused gives rise to considerable concern. The
accused allowed his men to act with such vicious brutality that
they conducted themselves under his command like a savage horde...

2. By taking photographs of the incidents or having photographs
taken, by having these developed in photographic shops and showing
them to his wife and friends, the accused is guilty of disobedience.
Such pictures could pose the gravest risks to the security of the
Reich if they fell into the wrong hands...

Dismissal of the case against the remaining parties, 1 June 1943

The following has been established on the basis of the main trial
of SS-Untersturmfuehrer Max Taubner...
The following men were party to the punishable acts committed or
ordered by SS-Untersturmfuehrer Max Taubner:

1. SS-Unterscharfuehrer Walter Muller particularly stood out during
the shootings of Jews with the brutality with which he tore small
Jewish children from their mothers. He held these children in
front of him with his left hand and then, with his right hand,
shot them with a pistol.

 . [three more SS-personnel accused]

Allowances have been made for the fact that the accused were, without
exception, acting on the orders of and under the responsibility
of Untersturmfuehrer Max Taubner. In this respect, their own 
culpability may be described as slight...

The cases against these accused have therefore been dismissed.


Memorandum from the Ministry of Justice to Hitler, regarding prosecution
of a Jewess for selling her mother milk to a German pediatrician
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. III, p. 701-702]
After the birth of her child, a full-blooded Jewess sold her mother
milk to a pediatrician and concealed that she was a Jewess. With
this milk babies of German blood were fed in a nursing home for
children. The accused will be charged with deception. The buyers of 
the milk have suffered damage, for mother's milk from a Jewess
cannot be regarded as food for German children. The impudent behavior
of the accused is an insult as well. Relevant charges, however, have
not been applied for, so that the parents, who are unaware of the
true facts, need not subsequently be worried.

I shall discuss with the Reich health leader the racial hygienic
aspect of the case.

                                           R. Rothenberger.

Death to the "Race Defiler":
Excerpts from Opinion and Sentence of the Nuernberg Special Court in
the Katzenberger Case
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. III, 653-663]

1. The defendant Katzenberger is fully Jewish and a German national; he
   is a member of the Jewish religious community...

2. Irene Seiler is a German citizen of German blood...

[Testimonies about the relationship between Katzenberger and Seiler deleted]

The court is therefore convinced that Katzenberger, after the Nuernberg laws
had come into effect, had repeated sexual intercourse with Seiler, up to
March 1940...

The conduct to which the defendants admitted and which in the case of
Katzenberger and consisted in drawing Seiler close to him, kissing
her, patting and caressing her thighs over her clothes, makes it clear
that in a crude manner Katzenberger did to Seiler what is popularly
called "Abschmieren" [petting]. It is obvious that such actions
are motivated only by sexual impulses. Even if the Jew had only done
these so-called "Ersatzhandlungen" [sexual acts in lieu of actual
intercourse] to Seiler, it would have been sufficient to charge him
with racial pollution in the full sense of the law...

He is therefore guilty of a continuous crime of racial pollution
according to sections 2 and 5, paragraph 11 of the Law for
Protection of German Blood and German Honor of 15 September 1935...

As the only feasible answer to the frivolous conduct of the defendant,
the court therefore deems it necessary to pronounce the death sentence
as the heaviest punishment provided by section 4 of the decree
against public enemies...

Various excerpts from anti-semitic publications
[All taken from Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, 
U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1946, Vol. VIII]
p. 4: 
[Speech by Julius Streicher, September 5 1937, reported in the
Fraenkische Tageszeitung]

The Jew no longer shows himself among us openly as he used to. But it would
be wrong to say that victory is ours. Full and final victory will have
been achieved only when the whole world has been rid of the Jews.

p. 7:
[Leading article by Streicher from "Der Stuermer" No. 39, September 1936]

The continued work of the "Stuermer" will help to ensure that every German
down to the last man will, with heart and hand, join the ranks of those
whose aim is to crush the head of the serpent Pan-Juda beneath their
heels. He who helps to bring this about helps to eliminate the devil.
And this devil is the Jew.

p. 11:
[Streicher's speech in Nuernberg, April 3 1925, taken from "Kampf dem
Weltfeind", p. 42]

Let us make a new beginning today so that we can annihilate the Jew.

p. 12:
[Deutche Volksgesundheit aus Blut und Boden, New Year's issue 1935]

One single cohabitation of a Jew with an Aryan woman is sufficient to 
poison her blood forever. Together with the alien albumen she has
absorbed the alien soul. Never again will she be able to bear purely
Aryan children, even when married to an Aryan. They will all be
bastards, with a dual soul and the body of a mixed breed.

p. 19: 
[Article signed by Streicher in "Der Stuermer", No, 12, March 19
1942, pages 1 and 2]

There were two ways which might have led to a liberation of Europe
from the Jews: Expulsion or extermination! Both methods have been
tried in the course of the centuries, but they were never carried
to a conclusion...

The teaching of Christianity has stood in the way of a radical
solution of the Jewish problem in Europe...

Fate has decreed that it was finally left to the 20th century to see
the total solution of the Jewish problem. Just how this solution
will be achieved has been made known to the European nations and
to entire non-Jewish humanity in a proclamation read out by the
Fuehrer of the German people on the 24th February 1942:

Today the ideas of our Nationalsocialists and those of the Fascist
revolution have conquered large and mighty nations and my
prophecy will find its fulfillment, that in this war not the
Aryan race will be destroyed, but the Jew will be exterminated.
What ever else this struggle may lead to, or however long it
may endure, this will be the final result.

p. 29:

      Report of Streicher's address to 2,000 children at Nuernberg,
        Christmas 1936, from Fraenkische Tegeszeitung, 22nd
                            December 1936

Two thousand children rejoiced with Julius Streicher...

The Gauleiter [Streicher] told the little ones about the terrible times
after the war, when the Devil dominated mankind. "Do you know who the
Devil is", he asked his breathlessly listening audience. "The Jew, the
Jew", resounded from a thousand children's voices.

Letter from the Minister of State for the Protectorate of Bohemia
and Moravia to Rudolph Brandt, June 13 1944, Concerning Children
of Executed Czechs
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., 1949-1953, Vol. IV, p. 1030-1032]
Dear comarade Brandt,

Concerning the matter "children of executed Czechs" I wish to
reply to your letter as directed to SS-Lieutenant General Frank,
date 6 February of this year, diary index No. 26/2/44 g Bra/H,
that the conversation between SS-Lieutenant General Frank and
SS Colonel Sollmann took place on 2 July of last year in Prague.
Colonel Sollmann stated during this conversation that racially
valuable children up to six years would be considered eligible
by the "Lebensborn"...

It was intended, to have children up to six years and suitable 
for Germanization brought into German families through the

It is intended to have the racially acceptable elements of the
collectively housed children transferred through the "Lebensborn"
to German families or to a children's home whereas the
children over 16 years are to be sent to a concentration camp.

Extract from Himmler's address to party comrades, September 7 1940
[Trials of War Criminals Before the Nuernberg Military Tribunals - 
Washington, U.S Govt. Print. Off., Vol. IV, p. 1140]
If any Pole has any sexual dealing with a German woman, and by this
I mean sexual intercourse, then the man will be hanged right in
front of his camp. Then the others will not do it. Besides,
provisions will be made that a sufficient number of Polish women
and girls will come along as well so that a necessity of this
kind is out of the question.

The women will be brought before the courts without mercy, and
where the facts are not sufficiently proved - such borderline
cases always happen - they will be sent to a concentration camp.
This we must do, unless these one million Poles and those
hundreds of thousands of workers of alien blood are to inflict
untold damage on the German blood. Philosophizing is of no avail
in this case. It would be better if we did not have them at all -
we all know that - but we need them.

From the speech of Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler, speaking to SS
Major-Generals, Poznan, October 4 1943
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Vol. IV, p. 559]
One basic principal must be the absolute rule for the SS man: we
must be honest, decent, loyal, and comradely to members of our own
blood and to nobody else. What happens to a Russian, to a Czech,
does not interest me in the slightest. What the nations can offer
in good blood of our type, we will take, if necessary by kidnapping
their children and raising them with us. Whether nations live in
prosperity or starve to death interests me only in so far as we
need them as slaves for our culture; otherwise, it is of no interest
to me. Whether 10,000 Russian females fall down from exhaustion
while digging an anti-tank ditch interest me only in so far as
the anti-tank ditch for Germany is finished. We shall never be rough
and heartless when it is not necessary, that is clear. We Germans,
who are the only people in the world who have a decent attitude
towards animals, will also assume a decent attitude towards these
human animals. But it is a crime against our own blood to worry
about them and give them ideals, thus causing our sons and
grandsons to have a more difficult time with them. When someone
comes to me and says, "I cannot dig the anti-tank ditch with women
and children, it is inhuman, for it will kill them", then I
would have to say, "you are a murderer of your own blood because
if the anti-tank ditch is not dug, German soldiers will die, and
they are the sons of German mothers. They are our own blood".

Frank, Governor of Nazi occupied Poland, in an interview, October 3
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Vol. II, p. 632]
Poland can only be administered by utilizing the country through
means of ruthless exploitation, deportation of all supplies, raw
materials, machines, factory installations etc., which are
important for the German war economy, availability of all workers
for work within Germany, reduction of the entire Polish economy
to absolute minimum necessary for bare existence of the population,
closing of all educational institutions, especially technical
schools and colleges in order to prevent the growth of a new
Polish intelligentsia. Poland shall be treated as a colony. the
Poles shall be the slaves of the Greater German World Empire.

Letter from Reichsfuehrer-SS Himmler to the Higher SS and Police 
Chief in the Ukraine, Kiev, September 7 1943
[Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression - Washington, U.S Govt. Print. 
Off., 1946, Supp. A, p. 1270]
Dear Pruetzmann,

Infantry general staff has special orders with regard to the Donetz
area. Get in touch with him immediately. I order you to cooperate as
much as you can. The aim to be achieved is that when areas in the 
Ukraine are evacuated, not a human being, not a single head of cattle, 
not a hundredweight of cereals and not a railway line remain behind; 
that not a house remain standing, not a mine is available which is 
not destroyed for years to come, that there is not a well which is 
not poisoned. The enemy must really find completely burned and destroyed
land. Discuss these things with Stampf straight away and do your
absolute best.

Detailed report by SS-Standartenfuehrer Jager about mass killings
in Nazi occupied USSR, July-November 1941
['The Good Old Days' - E. Klee, W. Dressen, V. Riess, The Free Press, 
NY, 1988, p. 46-58].
[The "Jager report" was written by a commander of one of the
"Einsatzgruppen" (special task forces) which were in charge of
liquidating Jews, communist leaders, partisans and others in the
Soviet Union.

To understand the magnitude of the massacres, note the total number
of victims - 137,346. This is for one Einsatzgruppen, in a five month
period, in one area. This report reflects very clearly on the plan
to kill all the Jews, except those which were needed for working
purposes; those were, as the report notes, "only" to be sterilized;
Jager goes on to state that "if despite sterilization a Jewess becomes 
pregnant she will be liquidated".

There are many documents about the Einsatzgruppen massacres in the
Soviet Union, but the "Jager report" is one of the most chillingly
detailed of them].

The Commander of
the security police and
the SD
Einsatzkommando 3     Kauen [Kaunas], 1 December 1941

|Secret Reich Business!  |             5 copies
--------------------------             4th copy

      Complete list of executions carried out in the EK 3 area
      up to 1 December 1941

Security police duties in Lithuania taken over by Einsatzkommando 3 on
2 July 1941.
(The Wilna [Vilnius] area was taken over by EK 3 on 9 Aug. 1941, the
Schaulen area on 2 Oct. 1941. Up until these dates EK 9 operated in
Wilna and EK 2 in Schaulen.)
On my instructions and orders the following executions were conducted by
Lithuanian partisans:

4.7.41       Kauen-Fort VII    416 Jews, 47  Jewesses                463
6.7.41       Kauen-Fort VII    Jews                                  2,514

Following the formation of a raiding squad under the command of
SS-Obersturmfuherer Hamman and 8-10 reliable men from the
Einsatzkommando. the following actions were conducted in cooperation
with Lithuanian partisans:

7.7.41       Mariampole        Jews                                  32
8.7.41       Mariampole        14 Jews, 5 Comm. officials            19
8.7.41       Girkalinei        Comm. officials                       6
9.7.41       Wendziogala       32 Jews, 2 Jewesses, 1 Lithuanian
                               (f.), 2 Lithuanian Comm., 1
                               Russian Comm.                         38
9.7.41       Kauen-Fort VII    21 Jews, 3 Jewesses                   24
14.7.41      Mariampole        21 Jews, 1 Russ., 9 Lith. Comm.       31
17.7.41      Babtei            8 Comm. officials (incl. 6 Jews)       8
18.7.41      Mariampole        39 Jews, 14 Jewesses                  53
19.7.41      Kauen-Fort VII    17 Jews, 2 Jewesses, 4 Lith.
                               Comm., 2 Comm. Lithuanians (f.),
                               1 German Comm.                        26
21.7.41      Panevezys         59 Jews, 11 Jewesses, 1
                               Lithuanian (f.), 1 Pole, 22 Lith.
                               Comm., 9 Russ. Comm.                  103
22.7.41      Panevezys         1 Jew                                 1
23.7.41      Kedainiai         83 Jews, 12 Jewesses, 14 Russ.
                               Comm., 15 Lith. Comm., 1 Russ.
                               O-Politruk                            125
25.7.41      Mariampole        90 Jews, 13 Jewesses                  103
28.7.41      Panevezys         234 Jews, 15 Jewesses, 19 Russ.
                               Comm., 20 Lith. Comm.                 288

                                      Total carried forward        3,384

Sheet 2
                                      Total carried over           3,384

29.7.41      Rasainiai         254 Jews, 3 Lith. Comm.               257
30.7.41      Agriogala         27 Jews, 11 Lith. Comm.               38
31.7.41      Utena             235 Jews, 16 Jewesses, 4 Lith.
                               Comm., 1 robber/murderer              256
31.7.41      Wendziogala       13 Jews, 2 murderers                  15
1.8.41       Ukmerge           254 Jews, 42 Jewesses, 1 Pol.
                               Comm., 2 Lith. NKVD agents, 1
                               mayor of Jonava who gave order
                               to set fire to Jonava                 300
2.8.41       Kauen-Fort IV     170 Jews, 1 US Jewess, 33 Jewesses,
                               4 Lith. Comm.                         209
4.8.41       Panevezys         362 Jews, 41 Jewesses, 5 Russ. Comm.,
                               14 Lith. Comm.                        422
5.8.41       Rasainiai         213 Jews, 66  Jewesses                279
7.8.41       Utena             483 Jews, 87 Jewesses, 1 Lithuanian
                               (robber of corpses of German soldiers)571
8.8.41       Ukmerge           620 Jews, 82 Jewesses                 702
9.8.41       Kauen-Fort IV     484 Jews, 50 Jewesses                 534
11.8.41      Panevezys         450 Jews, 48 Jewesses, 1 Lith. 1 Russ.500
13.8.41      Alytus            617 Jews, 100 Jewesses, 1 criminal    719
14.8.41      Jonava            497 Jews, 55 Jewesses                 552
15-16.8.41   Rokiskis          3,200 Jews, Jewesses, and J. Children,
                               5 Lith. Comm., 1 Pole, 1 partisan     3207
9-16.8.41    Rasainiai        294 Jewesses, 4 Jewish children       298
27.6-14.8.41 Rokiskis          493 Jews, 432 Russians, 56 Lithuanians
                               (all active communists)               981
18.8.41      Kauen-Fort IV     689  Jews, 402 Jewesses, 1 Pole (f.),
                               711 Jewish intellectuals from Ghetto
                               in reprisal for sabotage action       1,812
19.8.41      Ukmerge           298 Jews, 255 Jewesses, 1 Politruk,
                               88 Jewish children, 1 Russ. Comm.     645
22.8.41      Dunanburg          3 Russ. Comm., 5 Latvian, incl. 1
                               murderer, 1 Russ. Guardsman, 3 Poles,
                               3 gypsies (m.), 1 gypsy (f.), 1 gypsy
                               child, 1 Jew, 1 Jewess, 1 Armenian
                               (m.), 2 Politruks (prison inspection
                               in Dunanburg                          21

                                      Total carried forward        16,152

Sheet 3
                                      Total carried forward        16,152

22.8.41      Aglona            Mentally sick: 269 men, 227 women,
                               48 children                           544
23.8.41      Panevezys         1,312 Jews, 4,602 Jewesses, 1,609
                               Jewish children                       7,523
18-22.8.41   Kreis Rasainiai   466 Jews, 440 Jewesses, 1,020
                               Jewish children                       1,926
25.8.41      Obeliai           112 Jews, 627 Jewesses, 421
                               Jewish children                       1,160
25-26.8.41   Seduva            230 Jews, 275 Jewesses, 159
                               Jewish children                       664
26.8.41      Zarasai           767 Jews, 1,113 Jewesses, 1 Lith.
                               Comm., 687 Jewish children, 1 Russ.
                               Comm. (f.)                            2,569
28.8.41      Pasvalys          402 Jews, 738 Jewesses, 209
                               Jewish children                       1,349
26.8.41      Kaisiadorys       All Jews, Jewesses, and Jewish
                               children                              1,911
27.8.41      Prienai           All Jews, Jewesses, and Jewish
                               Children                              1,078
27.8.41      Dagda and         212 Jews, 4 Russ. POW's               216
27.8.41      Joniskia          47 Jews, 165 Jewesses, 143
                               Jewish children                       355
28.8.41      Wilkia            76 Jews, 192 Jewesses, 134
                               Jewish children                       402
28.8.41      Kedainiai         710 Jews, 767 Jewesses, 599
                               Jewish children                       2,076
29.8.41      Rumsiskis and     20 Jews, 567 Jewesses, 197
             Ziezmariai        Jewish children                       784
29.8.41      Utena and         582 Jews, 1,731 Jewesses, 1,469
             Moletai           Jewish children                       3,782
13-31.8.41   Alytus and
             environs          233 Jews                              233

1.9.41       Mariampole        1,763 Jews, 1,812 Jewesses, 1,404
                               Jewish children, 109 mentally sick,
                               1 German subject (f.), married to a
                               Jew, 1 Russian (f.)                   5090

                                      Total carried over           47,814

Sheet 4
                                      Total carried over           47,814

28.8-2.9.41  Darsuniskis       10 Jews, 69 Jewesses, 20
                               Jewish children                       99
             Carliava          73 Jews, 113 Jewesses, 61
                               Jewish children                       247
             Jonava            112 Jews, 1,200 Jewesses, 244
                               Jewish children                       1,556
             Petrasiunai       30 Jews, 72 Jewesses, 23
                               Jewish children                       125
             Jesuas            26 Jews, 72 Jewesses, 46
                               Jewish children                       144
             Agriogala          207 Jews, 260 Jewesses, 195
                               Jewish children                       662
             Jasvainai         86 Jews, 110 Jewesses, 86
                               Jewish children                       282
             Babtei            20 Jews, 41 Jewesses, 22
                               Jewish children                       83
             Wendziogala        42 Jews, 113 Jewesses, 97
                               Jewish children                       252
             Krakes            448 Jews, 476 Jewesses, 97
                               Jewish children                       1,125
4.9.41       Pravenischkis     247 Jews, 6 Jewesses                  253
             Cekiske           22 Jews, 64 Jewesses, 60
                               Jewish children                       146
             Seredsius         6 Jews, 61 Jewesses, 126
                               Jewish children                       193
             Velinona          2 Jews, 71 Jewesses, 86
                               Jewish children                       159
             Zapiskis          47 Jews, 118 Jewesses, 13
                               Jewish children                       178
5.9.41       Ukmerge           1,123 Jews, 1,849 Jewesses, 1,737
                               Jewish children                       4,709
25.8-6.9.41  Mopping up in:    16 Jews, 412 Jewesses, 415
             Rasainiai         Jewish children                       843
             Georgenburg       all Jews, all Jewesses, all
                               Jewish children                       412
9.9.41       Alytus            287 Jews, 640 Jewesses, 352
                               Jewish children                       1,279
9.9.41       Butrimonys        67 Jews, 370 Jewesses, 303
                               Jewish children                       740
10.9.41      Merkine           223 Jews, 640 Jewesses, 276
                               Jewish children                       854
10.9.41      Varena            541 Jews, 141 Jewesses, 149
                               Jewish children                       831
11.9.41      Leipalingis       60 Jews, 70 Jewesses, 25
                               Jewish children                       155
11.9.41      Seirijai          229 Jews, 384 Jewesses, 340
                               Jewish children                       953
12.9.41      Simnas            68 Jews, 197 Jewesses, 149
                               Jewish children                       414
11-12.9.41   Uzusalis          Reprisal against inhabitants who
                               fed Russ. partisans; some in
                               possession of weapons                  43
26.9.41      Kauen-F.IV        412 Jews, 615 Jewesses, 581
                               Jewish children (sick and
                               suspected epidemic cases)             1,608

                                      Total carries over           66,159

Sheet 5
                                      Total carried over           66,159

2.10.41      Zagare            633 Jews, 1,107 Jewesses, 496
                               Jewish children (as these Jews were
                               being led away a mutiny rose, which
                               was however immediately put down;
                               150 Jews were shot immediately; 7
                               partisans wounded)                    2,236
4.10.41      Kauen-F.IX        315 Jews, 712 Jewesses, 818
                               Jewish children (reprisal after
                               German police officer shot in ghetto) 1,845
29.10.41     Kauen-F.IX        2,007 Jews, 2,920 Jewesses, 4,273
                               Jewish children (mopping up ghetto
                               of superfluous Jews)                  9,200
3.11.41      Lazdijai          485 Jews, 511 Jewesses, 539
                               Jewish children                       1,535
15.11.41     Wilkowiski        36 Jews, 48 Jewesses, 31
                               Jewish children                       115
25.11.41     Kauen-F.IX        1,159 Jews, 1,600 Jewesses, 175
                               Jewish children (resettlers from
                               Berlin, Munich and Frankfurt am main) 2,934
29.11.41     Kauen-F.IX        693 Jews, 1,155 Jewesses, 152
                               Jewish children (resettlers from
                               from Vienna and Breslau)              2,000
29.11.41     Kauen-F.IX        17 Jews, 1 Jewess, for contravention
                               of ghetto law, 1 Reichs German who
                               converted to the Jewish faith and
                               attended rabbinical school, then 15
                               terrorists from the Kalinin group     34

EK 3 detachment in Dunanburg
in the period 13.7-21.8.41:    9,012 Jews, Jewesses and Jewish
                               children, 573 active Comm.            9,585

EK 3 detachment in Wilna:
12.8-1.9.41  City of Wilna     425 Jews, 19 Jewesses, 8 Comm. (m.),
                               9 Comm. (f.)                          461
2.9.41       City of Wilna     864 Jews, 2,019 Jewesses, 817
                               Jewish children (sonderaktion because
                               German soldiers shot at by Jews)      3,700

                                      Total carried forward        99,084

sheet 6

                                      Total carried forward        99,804

12.9.41      City of Wilna     993 Jews, 1,670 Jewesses, 771
                               Jewish children                       3,334
17.9.41      City of Wilna     337 Jews, 687 Jewesses, 247
                               Jewish children and 4 Lith. Comm.     1,271
20.9.41      Nemencing         128 Jews, 176 Jewesses, 99
                               Jewish children                       403
22.9.41      Novo-Wilejka      468 Jews, 495 Jewesses, 196
                               Jewish children                       1,159
24.9.41      Riess             512 Jews, 744 Jewesses, 511
                               Jewish children                       1,767
25.9.41      Jahiunai          215 Jews, 229 Jewesses, 131
                               Jewish children                       575
27.9.41      Eysisky           989 Jews, 1,636 Jewesses, 821
                               Jewish children                       3,446
30.9.41      Trakai            366 Jews, 483 Jewesses, 597
                               Jewish children                       1,446
4.10.41      City of Wilna     432 Jews, 1,115 Jewesses, 436
                               Jewish children                       1,983
6.10.41      Semiliski         213 Jews, 359 Jewesses, 390
                               Jewish children                       962
9.10.41      Svenciany         1,169 Jews, 1,840 Jewesses, 717
                               Jewish children                       3,726
16.10.41     City of Wilna     382 Jews, 507 Jewesses, 257
                               Jewish children                       1,146
21.10.41     City of Wilna     718 Jews, 1,063 Jewesses, 586
                               Jewish children                       2,367
25.10.41     City of Wilna     1,776 Jewesses, 812 Jewish children   2,578
27.10.41     City of Wilna     946 Jews, 184 Jewesses, 73
                               Jewish children                       1,203
30.10.41     City of Wilna     382 Jews, 789 Jewesses, 362
                               Jewish children                       1,553
6.11.41      City of Wilna     340 Jews, 749 Jewesses, 252
                               Jewish children                       1,341
19.11.41     City of Wilna     76 Jews, 77 Jewesses, 18
                               Jewish children                       171
19.11.41     City of Wilna     6 POW's, 8 Poles                      14
20.11.41     City of Wilna     3 POW's                               3
25.11.41     City of Wilna     9 Jews, 46 Jewesses, 8 Jewish
                               children, 1 Pole for possession of arms
                               and other military equipment          64

EK 3 detachment in Minsk from

             Pleschnitza       620 Jews, 1,285 Jewesses,
             Bischolin         1,126 Jewish children and 19
             Scak              Comm.
             Uzda                                                    3,050
Prior to EK 3 taking over security police duties, Jews liquidated
by pogroms and executions (including partisans)                      4,000
                                                             Total 137,346

Today I can confirm that our objective, to solve the Jewish problem for
Lithuania, has been achieved by EK 3. In Lithuania there are no more
Jews, apart from Jewish workers and their families.


The distance between from the assembly point to the graves was on average
4 to 5 Km.


I consider the Jewish action more or less terminated as far as
Einsatzkommando 3 is concerned. Those working Jews and Jewesses still
available are needed urgently and I can envisage that after the winter
this workforce will be required even more urgently. I am of the view
that the sterilization program of the male worker Jews should be
started immediately so that reproduction is prevented. If despite
sterilization a Jewess becomes pregnant she will be liquidated.


(signed) Jager

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