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601 One thingI have discovered isthat if you lookhard enough, you can find goddesses to fit both ends of most polarities. Some even occupy both ends simultaneously. Inanna, my matron goddess, is a good case in point. She is the Sumerian goddess of love, war, wisdom (which she won in a drinking bout!), adventure, the heavens, the earth, and even of death (in the guise of her dark aspect, Ereshkigal). A very busy lady indeed is Inanna. At this point it becomes largely a matter of personal preference rather than of polarity, whether one chooses a god or a goddess to occupy a particular place in a ritual. NoDianic I know ofdenies the existence ofthe God. Indeed, He gets mentioned as the consort of the Goddess with some frequency in Z Budapest's HOLY BOOK OF WOMEN'S MYSTERIES, which is close a thing as there is to a Dianic version of the Gardnerian Book of Shadows. He is there, and sometimes we will invoke Him, when it is appropriate. He makes His own path, and we follow our own, and when they cross naturally we honor Him and do not avoid Him. We also do not force the paths to cross simply to lend an artificial balance to a ritual where none is really needed. Now that I have spilled agood deal of ink over what Dianismis not, I should now say a few words about what it is: a movement of feminist, eclectic, Goddess-oriented Witches. Feminism: This covers avast multitudeof virtues andsins. Ido not think the stereotypical radical lesbian separatist is as common as is believed. Moderate to liberal feminism is probably far more common, even among Dianics. Certainly my own coven contains no separatists! There are too many nice men out there, even though surveys have shown that 70% or more of all men are potential rapists. The nice ones are found among those who are not in that repulsive majority; you just have to look to find them. One of the places you might find such nice men is in Dianic covens! Some are mixed groups, at least some of those of the branch founded by Morgan McFarland. My own is something of a mixed up group, I suppose. While we do not currently have any men in the coven, two of the three of us were born male and still have original-equipment plumbing. The Goddess and our HPS accept us unreservedly as women. Eclecticism: If there isone dictum of Z Budapest's thatbears repeating to everyone in the Craft, and which gets followed by many, it is "When in doubt, invent." Dianics tend toward creative ritual, drawing from any and all possible sources. I have yet to see a Dianic equivalent of the Gardnerian Book of Shadows, nor do I ever hope to see one. 602 Goddess Orientation: I've discussed this at some length while talking about polarity. There are some wags who have said that Dianics are nothing but matriarchal monotheists. I tell you three times: The Dianic Goddess is NOT Jehovah in drag! The Dianic Goddess is NOT Jehovah in drag! The Dianic Goddess is NOT Jehovah in drag! A much closer analogy would be that Dianics have taken the Classical pantheon and reclaimed most of the roles. This, too, is oversimplifying, but it is not nearly as wide of the mark as the usual criticism. At some point I may write up a long exegesis on the Dianic Goddess, but not here. My own personal involvement with Her comes from a great feeling of comfort I do not find elsewhere. She feels right. I have a great deal of difficulty accepting known rapists (most of the Olympian males are this, especially Zeus, Hades, and Pan!) into my personal pantheon. I also feel a personal vocation from the Mother; it is rather incongruous to me to embrace a male deity wholeheartedly when the Goddess comes to me and calls me Her daughter. This goes doubled, redoubled, in pentacles, and vulnerable for lovers of women. Ihope thislittlediscussion ofDianism-in-a-Nuitshell hasproved enlightening to you. It is not a path for everyone, but it is a valid path for some, and in considering it I hope that you can now ignore the garbage that has been put forth in the past as "data" regarding it. Inanna Seastar Birdsnest Coven 603 DIVINATION This seems like a fairly good time of year to be talking about divination. What is it, why do we do it, and what's in it for us? Lots of people think it's a way of avoiding responsibility - if the future is preordained, we might as well go back to bed. Of course, that's not it at all. Divination is the use of any one of several methods to obtain information which is not directly accessible to the conscious mind of the person asking the question. Whether you use cards, crystals, a pendulum, ink, lead, dice, the flight of birds or anything else, what you are really doing is opening your end of a channel to higher wisdom. I consider the "actual" source of that wisdom irrelevant and immaterial; it could be one's own subconscious, the collective unconscious, the Gods' will, telepathic insight, or a big computer buried in the Balkans. It's still additional information which is not as tainted by ego and intellect's limitations as most. So what do we do with it? The same things we do with any other information; add it to what we already know and develop a synthesis that can help us do our decision-making. The easiest way to analyze the process is with a concrete (well, maybe jello) example: A young man has been between relationships for some time. He wants very much to link up with the great love of his life, but is not aware of anyone on the horizon. He is putting himself in a position to meet new people, presenting himself as attractively as he can, and generally taking care of business, but no results. He has to decide whether to take a work-related course at night or not. It will take a lot of time and there are not likely to be any women attending. His progressed horoscope is neutral. He gets his cards read. They say: [PAUSE] 1.Nothing at all about love, but a lot about skilled craftsman- ship and satisfaction through work. He decides to relax and wait for a better time, takes the course, and is rewarded with a modest promotion which enhances his satisfaction with his job. 2.A lot about increasing social activities, leading to the start of a new romance, leading to great happiness and satisfaction after some difficulties are resolved. He does not take the course, and meets a really nice interesting lady at a party given by a friend (which he couldn't have attended had he taken the course). 604 3.That he is overlooking sources of emotional gratification in his current situation. Given the information, he starts looking around and discovers that one of his quieter friends is a really thoughtful and insightful person who helps him learn to know himself better, and that a young cousin needs a mentor and this relationship gives him a lot of pleasure and fulfillment. He begins to feel much more ready for a good relationship, and much less impatient to have one start. These examples illustrate the point made above; divination provides you with choices, and you take the consequences, no matter what the oracles say. Treat them with respect, not adoration or blind compliance, and may they always show you the truth. Blessed Be, The Spinster Aunt ...from RMPJ 12/86 605 Divination Bibliography TAROT Butler, Bill. Dictionary of the Tarot. (Schocken Books, 1975). Campbell, Joseph and Richard Roberts. Tarot Revelations. (Vernal Equinox Press, 1979). Case, Paul Foster. The Tarot. (Maccy Publishing, 1947). Cavendish, Richard. The Tarot. (Harper & Row, 1975). Connelly, Eileen. Tarot - A New Handbook for the Apprentice. (Newcastle Publishing, 1979). Crowley, Aleister. The Book of Thoth. (Samuel Weiser, Inc. 1984). TheEgyptian(GoldenDawn)TarotbyTheMaster Therion. Douglas, Alfred. The Tarot. (Taplinger Publishing, 1972). Gettings, Fred. The Book of Tarot. (Triune Books, 1973). Gray, Eden. A Complete Guide to the Tarot. (Bantam Books, 1970). Gray, Eden. The Tarot Revealed. (Signet Books, 1960). Greer, Mary K. Tarot for Yourself. (Newcastle Publishing, 1984). Hargrave, Catherine Perry. A History of Playing Cards. (Dover Publishing, 1966). Hutton, Alice. The Cards Can't Lie. (Hippocrene Books, 1983). Kaplan, Stuart R. The Encyclopedia of Tarot. (U.S.Games Systems, 1978). Konraad, Sandor. Classic Tarot Spreads. (Para Research, 1985). Leland, Charles Godfrey. Gypsy Sorcery and Fortune Telling. (University Books, 1962). * Nichols, Sallie. Jung and Tarot. (Samuel Weiser Inc. 1980). Good but lengthy examination of the Jungian aspects of the Tarot. Noble, Vicki. Motherpeace. (Harper & Row, 1983). * Pollack, Rachel. Seventy-Eight Degrees of Wisdom. Part I: The Major Arcana. (Aquarian Press, 1980). Excellent explanation of the Tarot, using the Rider Waite deck. Highly recommended. * Pollack, Rachel. Seventy-Eight Degrees of Wisdom. Part II: The Minor Arcana and Readings. (Aquarian Press, 1980). Good explanations of various reading methods and extensions. Roberts, Richard. Tarot and You. (Morgan and Morgan, 1975). 606 * Walker, Barbara G. The Secrets of the Tarot. (Harper & Row, 1984). Examination of the origins and symbolism of the Tarot. Beautifully done. * Wang, Robert. The Qabalistic Tarot. (Samuel Weiser, Inc. 1983). Good reference for the Golden Dawn system of Tarot. THE I CHING Chu, W.K. and W.E. Sherril. The Astrology of the I Ching. (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1976.) Chu, W.K. and W.E. Sherril. An Anthology of I Ching. (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1977.) Legge, James. I Ching, Book of Changes. (University Books, 1964). Ni, Hua-Ching. Tao, The Subtle Universal Law and the Integral Way of Life. (Shrine of Eternal Breath of Tao, 1979). Ni, Hua-Ching. The Book of Changes and the Unchanging Truth. (Shrine of Eternal Breath of Tao, 1983). Pattee, Rowena. Moving With Change. (Arkana, 1986). Interesting approach to oriental divination. Cards also available. Ponce, Charles. The Nature of the I Ching, Its Usage and Interpretation. (Award Books, 1970). Trosper, Barry R. and Gin-Hua Leu. I Ching: The Illustrated Primer. (KGI Publications, 1986). Walker, Barbara G. The I Ching of the Goddess. (Harper & Row, 1986). Waltham, Clae. I Ching. (Ace Books, 1969). Adaptation of the work by James Legge. Wilhelm, R. and C.G. Jung. The Secret of the Golden Flower. (Harcourt, Brace and World, 1931). RUNES Blum, Ralph. The Book of Runes. (St. Martin's Press, 1982). Set comes with a set of runestones. Osborn, Marijane and Stella Longland. Rune Games. (Routledge & Kegan Paul, Ltd. 1982). CARTOUCHE Hope, Murray. The Way of Cartouche. (St. Martin's Press, 1985). Set comes with cards. 607 Deity Engineering Worksheet 1. What qualities or aspects of reality does your Goddess, God or Spirit embody? 2. What special abilities of powers does s/he have? 3. Describe Her or His appearance: Body build & special attributes (tail, wings etc.): Facial features & hair: Apparent age: Clothing, if any: Jewelry & objects carried any: 4. How does s/he move? 5. what is Her/His voice like? 608 6. What correspondences are appropriate for each of the following? animals: Herbs, flowers: Trees: Colors: Elements: Direction: Mudra: Sacred objects: Season: Day of the week: Time of night or day: Gem or stone: Features of the natural environment: Smell and taste: 7. Describe Her/His temple or sacred space: 8. Does s/he have any special relationships to other Deities or Spirits, or to humans? 9. Name this Entity: Deity Engineering Worksheet 1. What qualities or aspects of reality does your Goddess, God or Spirit embody? 2. What special abilities of powers does s/he have? 609 3. Describe Her or His appearance: Body build & special attributes (tail, wings etc.): Facial features & hair: Apparent age: Clothing, if any: Jewelry & objects carried, if any: 4. How does s/he move? 5. what is Her/His voice like? 6. What correspondences are appropriate for each of the following? animals: Herbs, flowers: Trees: Colors: Elements: Direction: Mudra: Sacred objects: Season: Day of the week: Time of night or day: Gem or stone: Features of the natural environment: Smell and taste: 610 7. Describe Her/His temple or sacred space: 8. Does s/he have any special relationships to other Deities or Spirits, or to humans? 9. Name this Entity: 611 Ever notice how many cars you see today, bearing the Christian fish symbol on their trunk? Feel left out? Want to compete and brag about your religious affiliations? Well, we did, and you can, too, quite easily at that! The "fish" symbol is the oldest of Christianity's symbology. Unlike most of the other symbologies which have their roots in Paganism, the fish was a sort of "secret sign" to identify the members of the heretical Jewish sect of followers of the man from Nazareth. The secrecy was because of persecution (sound familiar?) and I believe the symbolism had to do with several things - the disciples occupation as fishermen, and the hidden meaning in the letters which spelled "fish" in Greek. Want to identify yourself, although somewhat obscurely? Go out and buy one of those fish emblems - the plain ones, without the letters inside the oval. Better if the package contains two such molded plastic stick-on emblems, if you are into the duality of Goddess/God. If you are only into Goddess, one will do. First, we will make one into one of the oldest known Goddess symbols - the yoni! With a very sharp knife or fine toothed hacksaw or hobby saw (a razor saw used by railroad modelers is what I used), cut off both "tail fins" of the fish at point "X" on the diagram. Save the pieces - we'll use them later. (Dianics may discard the pieces now. You may also melt them off with a hot tool or knife if you are working on plastic fish, and clean it up with a nailfile or emery board. Turn this pointy-ended oval on end (points up and down), and VOILA! A YONI! The very first goddess figure devised in ancient times. Stick it upright on your trunk (or the trunk of your car, if it interferes with your clothing) and get the second "fish" to work on next. To represent the Horned God, all you really have to do is up-end the remaining uncut "fish", fins up, and stick it alongside the Goddess yonic figure - it looks like the classic horned circle, though it is a bit pointed at the ends. If you'd like to emphasize the "fish fin" horns a bit, glue the pieces you cut off the other one, onto the ends of these, thereby lengthening them. Now stick this emblem right alongside the other one, and you have Goddess and God, side-by-each where all can see, and probably confuse a lot of those folks who are still displaying them as fish. Don't pass up this chance to steal a symbol or two from them- they stole quite a few of ours. A little friendly competition is good to ease tensions. Perhaps we can start a new rage in auto kitsch. The Aquarian Tabernacle's church bus, the Blessed Bee, sports a large size, gold colored plastic Goddess and God right there (you guessed it) on the left hand side of the rear of the vehicle, for all to see and ponder! Just another helpful household hint from Habondia. 612 12 Exercises Nobody Needs 1. Jumping to conclusions 2. Running around in circles 3. Wading through paperwork 4. Pushing your luck 5. Passing the buck 6. Throwing your weight around 7. Jumping on the bandwagon 8. Spinning your wheels 9. Dragging your heels 10. Adding fuel to the fire 11. Climbing the walls 12. Grasping at straws 613 OLD MAGIC EXORCISM Power of wind have I over thee. Power of wrath have I over thee. Power of fire have I over thee. Power of thunder have I over thee. Power of lightning have I over thee. Power of storm have I over thee. Power of moon have I over thee. Power of sun have I over thee. Power of stars have I over thee. Power of the heaven's and the worlds have I over thee. (lift sword over head with both hands and chop down.) Eson! Eson! Emaris! Garner, Alan; "The Moon of Gomrath"; Ballantine 614 E C O M A G I C --------------- The following is excerpted from an article, Making Magic For Planet Earth, written by Selena Fox for Circle Network News (Box 219, Mt. Horeb, WI 53572 ) and presented here as being of public interest to the pagan community at large. Selena, I didn't have time to ask your permission, I presume that by the very nature of your writings you want them to be shared with as many people as possible, and so they are presented here. This is submitted with this statement and not to be edited, by Shadowstar of Boston MA. "There are many things thatcan be done in spiritual realmsto help bring about solutions to the world's problems: * We can kindle spiritualfriendships with other lifeforms through communication with Nature Spirits, who can be teachers for us and allies in bringing about planetary healing. * We can do daily meditations in whichwe creatively visualize the spiritual body of the planet glowing with radiant healing light. * We can organize and/or take part in ecumenical planetary prayer services and rituals with practitioners of other spiritual paths and cultures. * We canhonor Mother Earth as an aspect of the divine in our solo and group rituals. * We can send Mother Earth our love and pray for planetary health each time we visit a stone circle, sacred grove, place of power, temple, shrine or other sacred site. * We can do spiritual healing magic for the planet in our circles. It is important to reinforce whatever spiritual work we do with physical action. There are a variety of ways to do this and you should decide on at least one approach and then carry it out. Here are a few examples: * Recycle trash from your household, take paper, plastics, glass, aluminum cans, and other recyclables to recycling centers. *Recycle clothes and no longer needed household items by donating them to charities to distribute to the needy. * Join and actively participate in environmental action groups. * Write government officialsand urge them to takespecific actions on specific environmental issues, such as stopping all ocean dumping. * Write letters and articles for publications about the need for environmental preservation. * Plant trees as part of reforestation efforts. * Compost food scraps. * Stop buying and using non-bio-degradable detergents. 615 * Boycott products from companies that are destroying the Amazon rainforest. * Pick up cigarette butts and other non-biodegradable litter from parks and other wilderness areas. * Donate money to nature preserves. * Give talks atschools, civic groups, churches andin other places in your area about ecological issues. * Read publications, view films, and attend presentations inorder to keep informed about ecological conditions and to learn about additional ways you can work for planetary healing. * Conserve electricity, water and other resources on a daily basis. * Network with others. 616 The Fundamental Laws of Human Ecology 1. We're all in it together. Everything is connected to everything else. You can't do just one thing. 2. The Earth and its resources are finite. or You can't get something for nothing. 3. As energy and other resources are used, there is an overall decrease in the amount of usefulness. (Second Law of Thermodynamics> 4. Everything must go somewhere-there is now away. 5. Up to a point, the bigger the better; beyond that point, the bigger the worse. or To everything there is an optimum size. 6. Everything is becoming something else. 7. In most cases, the greater the diversity of a system, the greater its stability. 8. Nature frequently but not always "knows" best. Note: People use antibiotics to counter nature. 9. We shape our buildings and afterwards our buildings shape us. - Winston Churchhill 10. As human beings, one of our inalienable rights is the right to live in a clean environment. 11. Our environment does not belong to us alone. It was used by our forefathers, passed on to us, and we are charged with the responsibility of passing it undamaged to all future generations. 12. All persons must be held responsible for their own pollution. 13. All persons are created with an equal right to live in dignity and peace and to work out a meaningful existence. Everyone is entitled to a fair share of the world's resources-provided one is carrying one's own share of the responsibilities for maintaining an orderly world. 14. Comfortable living, in harmony with nature, should be each society's goal. 15. Our dependence on technology is, today, so strong and widespread, that we are compelled to use technology as a means for getting out of our environmental dilemma. 16. No national purpose however urgent, no political or economic necessity however pressing can possibly justify the risk of bringing all human history to an end. The Posture of Ecstasy 617 The nature of ecstatic states of consciousness may be encoded in their postures. The types of visions, prophecies or healing abilities that accompany ecstatic states may have less to do with the religious content surrounding the ceremonies of ecstasy than with the posture assumed by the people undergoing the ecstatic experience. This unusual hypothesis is being proposed by psychological anthropologist Felicitas D. Goodman, PhD, based on observation of people in ecstatic states and her experiments training people to enter such states of consciousness. In some of her earlier re- search, Dr. Goodman learned that she could induce an ecstatic state in a subject through the use of a gourd rattle similar to that used in many primitive shamanistic ceremonies. While a subject, alone, or in a group, walked in a circle, or simply sat, Dr. Goodman would shake this rattle in a steady manner for 15 minutes. The use of the rattle was based on the hypothesis that "acoustic driving" affects the functioning of the brain, blocking the verbal left hemisphere and opening access the intuitive right hemisphere. Within five minutes, most subjects were giving indications of being in an altered state of consciousness. At the end of the experiment, their verbal reports confirmed that they had been experiencing something resembling an ecstatic state, including visions and variations in body image. Noting that the content of these visions seemed to vary as a function of which subjects had remained standing and which had become seated, Dr. Goodman ran a series of experiments to specifically test the effect of posture. To obtain experimental postures, she went to ethnographic resources to locate either photographs of shamans in ecstasy, or artistic renditions of this state. She found five different postural positions. In her subsequent experiments, she would ask her subjects to assume a particular posture, commence the rattle playing for 15 minutes, then obtain their reports. She found that these reports were highly consistent for a given posture, but differed between various postures. For example, one posture was similar to sitting in meditation, except that the legs are both tucked under the body and turned toward the right. Subjects experienced color sensations, spinning and strong alterations in mood. This posture was that assumed by Nupe Mallam diviners. According to the literature, the divination experience begins by alterations in moods. 618 In another posture, subjects stood erect with their heads back and their hands clasped at the abdomen. Subjects reported warmth, a flow of energy rising, and a channel opening at the top of the head. According to the ethnographic literature, this posture had been associated with healing, involving the flow of energy. In a similar manner, the other postures tested produced experiences resembling the reports of native shamans who assume the posture in their trance work. The author can only speculate concerning the mechanism by which posture affects the content of ritualized trances. We know that posture affect mood states. It is perhaps by their effect upon a wide variety of psychophysiological variables that posture affects the course of ecstasy. (Source: "Body posture and the religious altered state of consciousness: An experimental investigation," Journal of Humanistic Psychology, Summer, 1986, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 81-118. Author's address: Cuyamungue Institute, 114 East Duncan St., Columbus, OH 43202.) 619 The Men's Circle Copyright 1987 by R.M.P.J. Those of you who attended the "Opening the Sky" ritual at Dragonfest this year probably realized that a large part of it was a Creation Myth. At the Manhood Ritual on Friday night, Thomas's Circle Invocation was also a Creation Myth, although a very brief one. Perhaps it is in the stars, but I have been thinking about a Pagan Creation Myth for several months now and perhaps this is as good a time as any to publish it. The basic idea originally came when some people complained that science didn't have any mystery or poetic power in its formulations. That is not really true, it is just that not enough scientists are trained to write well, or encouraged to present new knowledge in a form that will appeal to all levels of our minds. Well, I decided to have a go at it, and the following myth is based pretty closely on modern cosmology and evolutionary theory. .................................. In the beginning therewas neither matter nor energy,neither was there space nor time, force and form were not. Yet there was Something. Poised between Spirit and Void, without form or qualities, pure potentiality, the first physical manifestation had existence. Scientists call it the Primordial Singularity, occultists call it the Cosmic Egg. It changed, and the first moment of time came to be. It expanded, and space was born. Not the space we know, but one of many dimensions, and that space was filled with the first Force. So intense was that Force that space itself altered. Dimensions folded back on themselves, while others expanded mightily. The first Form came to be. As the infant universe expanded it changed subtly, and as naturally as snowflakes forming in the air, the first material manifestation precipitated out of nothingness. Neither matter nor energy as we know them, but yet both. The Element Fire was born. The universe continued to expand, and the one Force became two forces, then three and finally four. Matter and energy became distinguishable, and the Element Earth was born from Fire. A hundred thousand years went by, and the universe continued to expand and cool until, quite suddenly, the fire died, space became transparent to light, and there were great clouds of cool gas, moving freely. The Element Air was born. The clouds began to draw together, then break apart into smaller clouds, and smaller still, until a limit was reached, and a hundred thousand clouds collapsed inward upon themselves, swirling and twisting, flattening and smoothing, rippling, and organizing themselves. The Element Water was born. 620 One cloud, like many of its siblings, took on astructure like a great pinwheel, with spiral arms stretching out from its center. It was Galaxias, our Milky Way. Within its turbulent swirling, smaller eddies formed and contracted, tighter and tighter. At the center of one a spark grew bright then another and another. The first stars were lighted, and shown in a universe grown dark. Many of them burned prodigally for a time and then exploded, hurling the ashes of their burning outward, ashes such as oxygen and carbon and nitrogen; star stuff, life stuff. Generations of stars came and went over the billions of years, and out in one of the spiral arms a cloud of gas and dust began to collapse like so many others before. It contracted, and a new star lighted, with a disc of dust and gas circling it. The disc became lumpy as grains of dust and crystals of ice collided and stuck together. The lumps touched and merged, ever growing in the light of the young star. Finally, nine bodies circled the new star, which would one day be called Sol, or simply, the Sun. Third out from the sun a rare event had happened. Two young planets had collided and merged violently, forming a single planet. In the violence of that collision, part of the surfaces of both had been ripped off and hurled out to form a ring of molten rock which quickly drew together to form a giant satellite. The Earth and the Moon had been born in a passionate joining. Asthe young Earth cooled,great volcanos belchedforth gases from its still hot interior. An atmosphere of steam and carbon dioxide formed and then clouds appeared. The first rains began, pouring down on the rocks and washing down into the low places. The oceans were born. Water evaporated from the oceans and fell again as rain, dissolving minerals from the rocks and carrying them into the sea. The early ocean became richer and richer in dissolved minerals and gases. Lightning in the young atmosphere formed new substances which added to the complexity of the mix. The dissolved substances in the oceans became more and more complex, until one day a complex molecule attracted simpler compounds to itself, and then there were two, then four. Life was born. From its simple origins, Life grew in complexity, until one day a patch of green appeared, drawing energy from the Sun, and exuding oxygen. Within a short time the atmosphere changed radically. The sky became blue, the air clear and rich in oxygen. As the Earth had shaped Life, so Life began to shape the Earth. Delicately balancing and ever re-balancing between the furnace heat of her sister Venus, and the icy cold of her brother Mars, Gaia, the Living Earth, had come to be. The first animals appeared and swam in the oceans. Then venturesome ones crawled onto the land. The forms taken by life changed. Fish appeared, and dragons walked the land. Tiny furred creatures supplanted the great dragons, whose descendants now flew through the skies, clothed in feathers. By and by some of the furred creatures came down from the trees and began to walk about on their hind legs, and then they started picking things up. Soon they were using the things they picked up. Then they started talking to each other. After they had been talking for a while, they started thinking. Some of them even started thinking about where they had come from and where they were going. And they began to wonder how everything had come to be - and why. .................................. 621 Well, there it is. Now thatit's written I'mwondering what itall means. You who read this have as much right to interpret it as the author, who after all is mostly gathering the thoughts and conclusions of other men and women and putting them into a hopefully attractive package. Creation myths are supposed to tell us something about the world we live in and our relationship with that world, and perhaps about ourselves. This one seems to be telling us that the world in which we live was not made, like a clock, it grew, like an embryo in an egg. We humans are as much a part of our world as the eye of an embryo is part of the embryo. We are the part of the world that "sees". And what about the Gods? Where do they fit into all this? Well, eggs generally have a mother and a father, and newborn chicks aren't aware of either until they open their eyes. We are the eyes of our world, and one of our functions is to see the Mother and Father. ___Robin 622 From: ROWAN MOONSTONE To: ALL Subj: CHRISTIANITY AND WICCA The following is the comparison listing of Christianity and Wicca that I mentioned in a previous message. It was prepared by Kerr Cuchulain, who is the Canadian Chapter Head for the Witches League for Public Awareness, in response to a request from a Christian minister who contacted the League. Christianity Wicca Patriarchal/Paternalistic Duotheistic (Goddess/God)* Dualistic: divinity separate Monistic: Divinity inseparable from everyday world from everyday world Resurrection Reincarnation Heaven: destination of Christian Summerland: resting place between souls incarnations Hell No equivalent Satan No equivalent Original Sin No equivalent Redemption/Atonement/Confession Karma/Threefold Law(evil returns uponthe perpetratorthree-fold) Hierarchy/Authoritarian No hierarchy/ Autonomy Bible( scripture) No equivalent ** Sabbats based upon Biblical Seasonal and Lunar Sabbats and Christian historical events Prophets/Saints/Messiahs no equivalent Generally daylight worship Some worship nocturnal(lunar esbats) Churches/temples Circles case where convenient usually no formal temple no size restrictions on small groups (covens) 3-13 people usual though congregations may be larger. 10 Commandments Wiccan Rede Harm none Psychic phenomena generally Psychic abilities encouraged discouraged except for (magick) "miracles" * Names vary from tradition to tradition. lDifferent aspects of the Goddess/God have different names creating the impression that Wicca may be pantheistic. ** Wiccans use a book called the "Book of Shadows". This is a working notebook rather than a scriptural text. 623 DEGREES OF INITIATION SPARROW SONG What do the three ( or four ) degrees of Wicca entail? Well, as I see it, the (in my case) three degrees reflect levels of competency. You have to know and maybe even be able to teach various things to be upped a degree. Also, I see the degrees as much like Church hierarchy. First degree makes you a priest/priestess, and makes you responsible for a small part of the lay community. Second degree is kinda like being a bishop -- that's also when you become an "Elder" -- and makes you responsible for lay community and what first degrees are in your group. In other words, 2nd degree has more and greater attendant responsibilities (which is as it should be, no?). In my tradition, 3rd degree is given when it looks like the person is ready to go off and found a coven of his/her own (preferably with his/her mate -- they like to give thirds in pairs), which the person then should do (cause there shouldn't be more than one set of 3rds in a coven). 3rd is rather closer to 2nd than 2nd is to 1st, as I see it. And in the way of what one must know, well, it seems to consist of memorizing a basic ritual and knowing why it works, plus various other things too numerous and eclectic to mention here. Ultimately, I think, advancement is according to the whim of the High Priestess & Priest. Yea, it's a pain, but if you don't like it you can always "invent yer own grandmother" and start off on your own. After all, that's one of the good things about this religion: its flexibility. And as long as you don't dismember animals and children, you may even be recognized and acknowledged! (mostly joking) Seriously, I've been finding the whole degree system a pain lately, a source of unfair manipulation along the carrot-and-stick lines, so I'm somewhat bitter about it all. Brighit (are you out there?) may be better able to explain it, since she's a HPs herself, and of a very formalized tradition... Seems that while I've been gone there have been one or two requests for me to comment on things ... First, on degree systems: Yes, SeaHawk is right, we Gardnerians do have a fairly rigid system although each coven interprets it slightly differently. In Tobar Bhride [my coven] our first degree is NOT considered clergy nor is it eligible for CoG credentials because it is considered an acknowledge- ment of one's commitment to the Craft and the Coven, but not necessarily a commitment to clerical responsibility. First degrees are considered competent to do a circle for themselves only -- and given only that part of the Book which is relevant to that scope of practice. Second degree Priest/ess/es are considered teachers, and in our particular coven must have taught us, as a coven, something before elevation to that degree is considered. They are eligible to lead group celebrations and also eligible for CoG Ministerial Credentials. Elders, Third Degree Witches, in Tobar Bhride, are those with direct experience of deity through a formalized ritual of possession. This experience, and a year of service to Tobar Bhride, are the requirements for Third Degree. 624 I agree with SeaHawk about the sometimes arbitrary forces at work in initiation and elevation. Unfortunately in many covens the HP & HPs feel themselves oathbound to be arbitrary, authoritarian and autocratic, and absolutely not subject to any constraint or needing any consensus whatsoever. Or in some covens they will agree to consensus on the little things and arbitrarily disperse the big ones . In Tobar Bhride, to avoid this, we have made a rule for ourselves: if a person fulfills all the paper requirements for initiation/elevation and does not receive that degree within two Sabbats' time, the Council of Elders is FORCED to explain why to the petitioner. This seems to curb the temptation to such authoritarian use of power ... 625 Full Deck Tarot Star Spread by Unicornis There are very few Tarot spreads which use the entire deck in a single unified pattern. What follows is a description of such a spread. It is best suited for situations in which a great deal of complexity is present, and for 'general' readings. The steps for creating the spread are: 1: Thoroughly shuffle the deck until it 'feels' right. While I personably do not allow another person to shuffle my cards, if the reading concerns another it is acceptable to allow that person to hold the deck while concentrating upon the matter in question. This is a personal preference, but I am convinced that the relationship between reader and deck is a very personal one and that contact with the deck by another may 'confuse' the reading. 2: Dealing from the 'bottom' of the deck (i.e. withthe cards face down and dealing from the topmost position), create thirteen piles of six cards each. The first pile is in the center and the other twelve are in a circle around it. Each pile should be dealt consecutively (all six cards at once). Although it is not necessary to actually place them so, at least understand that the first card dealt in a pile (Card 0) is in the center of a circle of five cards (Card 1 through Card 5). This circle is, in actuality, a Star. When laying them out in a Star, use the following spread for each pile: 1 3 4 0 5 2 Note that if you trace the numbers from 1 to 5 you will trace a five-pointed star, always moving clockwise around the circle to reach the next point. 3: Interpret the spread. Interpretation of this spread is based upon the astrological symbolism of the twelve houses. The first pile of cards in the circle of twelve piles is House 1, the second is House 2, etc.. 626 The individual piles delineate the specific factors at work in each of the twelve basic areas. Card 1 represents the matter in question (the 'problem', question, etc.). Card 2 represents the 'source' (cause of the problem, inception of a project, etc.). Card 3 represents factors which bear upon the matter, but which are external to it (and probably out of the control of the querant). Card 4 represents actions taken with regard to the matter. Card 5 represents the outcome of those actions. Card 4 is the most difficult to interpret, since 'action' could here represent several different things. First of all, it might represent an action which has already been taken. If so, then Card 5 will represent the probable outcome, unless counter actions are taken. Secondly, it might represent the action which the querant is asking about (i.e. 'Should I ...'. Card 5, again, represents the probable outcome. Thirdly, it might represent the suggested course of action (answer to the question 'What should I ...'). In this case, Card 5 is the suggested goal. It is quite possible that Card 5 will relate to a past outcome (i.e. everything has already transpired). If this seems to be the case, then it is possible that all five cards must be interpreted as relating to another person, instead of the querant. Most of the time the sense of Card 4 should be apparent from the context of the reading. Card 0 always represents the 'heart' of the individual Star spread. Usually, this relates to the querant's own relationship to the matter which is germane to the house in question. It can also, however, represent the underlying ('behind the scenes') factors which precipitated the matter, not to be confused with the 'cause' of a problem. In this sense, it will usually represent motivations, rather than actions. In some cases Card 0 will represent a person, other the querant, to which the Star actually relates. In such a case, an attempt should be made, based upon the situation and the nature of the card to identify that person, since this implies that the matter is either out of the hands of the querant or the querant is only an 'ambient' factor (and will then be represented by Card 3 for that particular Star. In a similar manner, Pile 0 (the one at the center of the circle), represents the 'heart' of the entire reading. This will always pertain to the reasons (motivations) of the querant, and interpretation of this Star spread must be used to modify all of the others. This is not the place to delve into the meanings of the twelve houses in detail. There are many good books in print which deal with this. I highly recommend the following, which give excellent interpretations of the twelve astrological houses (coinciding with the twelve 'Stars' of this Tarot spread): The Astrological Houses: The Spectrum of Individual Experience by Dane Rudhyar The Astrology of Personality by Dane Rudhyar A Handbook for the Humanistic Astrologer by Michael R. Meyer The full deck star spread lends itself admirably to an in-depth study of any matter. The human condition is far too complex to use a 627 simple yes-no approach to any matter of importance. More so than spreads which involve only a small number of the total factors which could come into play, the full deck star spread allows detailed analysis of all of the options and avenues which are available. It will also show how the outcome of an action might affect areas of the querant's life which were not specifically part of the reason for consulting the Tarot in the first place. It might take a little longer to use, and might require a little more effort on the part of the interpreter, but the extra work will be repaid many-fold in the certainty that no stone was left unturned. 628 Self-defense and Banes Judy Harrow I surely agree that we have every right to protect ourselves and our "own folk" from attack. But I do believe that shield and mirror workings are more efficient, effective and elegant at accomplishing the goal of self-protection. Consider this - a mirror working is perfect justice. If I am mistaken, either that psychic attack is being done at all or about the perpetrator, a bane will jeopardies me karmically and (if psychic attack truly is being done by somebody other than the one I suspect) fail to protect me. A mirror sits there passively, ignores any mistaken paranoia that I may occasionally get, does nothing at all until and unless an attack happens, and then sends the bad energy directly back to the exactly deserving person or group in exactly the proper amount and kind. A mirror is perfect justice. A grounding shield is perfect mercy, taking bad energy and dissipating it harmlessly. I think I already said this but I recently talked one of my students into using a grounding shield where she would have been perfectly entitled to use a mirror. The situation is an ongoing battle between my student's lover and his former wife. While the ex-wife did an entirely unjustifiable attack, and would fully deserve to have it returned full force, all this would really accomplish would be to perpetuate the craziness, hostility and tension in the situation - and both the couple's innocent children and my student are being hurt. Better for all concerned to ignore justice and drain as much of the tension as possible, to make room for the healing that all of them need. A grounding shield is perfect mercy. Butbanes and bindings, whilethey may giveshort term protection, risk your own karma, are susceptible to mistake, and may, if misdirected, even fail of their well-intended purpose. Sure you're entitled to self-protection. This is just a lousy way to go about it. I guess my kind of Warrior is Athena, the wise defender. warmly / Judy From: Hugh Read You have a gentle way. For myself, I love Minerva who I feel is a Being unto Herself. The concept of the Grounding Shield is clear to me...would you care to share the practice with me. Justice has little interest for me. That takes care of itself in the process of time. We are all amply repayed for our varies deeds simply by wearing this body of ours. Healing is far more to the point. The word Justice makes me cringe a bit, though long ago I came to peace with Justice. One of my more angry prayers is May he/she have perfect Justice, NOW! Instant karma, NOW...and I always add, and so may it be with me. I remember telling this to a New Age teacher a few years ago. He turned pale and promised me auto accidents, fire, theft and robbery if I did that. Well, I am still bopping along with my share in the chancier aspects of life affirming perfect Justice for my self and every now and then in those very rare (!) moments of anger instant Karma for me and whoever. I love the idea of a shield that will ground and disperse any nasties send grovelling in my direction. Let Healing Be the Way!!! Tender bliss and explosive ecstacy be yours as the days pass softly! 629 From: Judy Harrow It's visualization either way. For the grounding shield, it is velvety, absorptive black (Oops, I should say that MINE is - you may alter this to whatever will convince your Younger Self). Every so often along it's length, for me every 2-3 yards, there is a post somewhat like a fence post that extends deep into the ground and is conductive like a lightening rod. Trust mother Earth to filter any kind of energy back into simple, pure, undifferentiated energy and recycle it to wherever it is most needed. So the shield catches incoming energy and channels it down through the purifying rocks. I don't know exactly how to describe physically how the shield can be semi-permeable, allowing in the well-wishes of your friends, but, as semi permeable membranes exist in Nature, helping each cell maintain its water/salt balance, so can this shield. Can you conceive of a substance both velvet and mesh? That's how it is with me. Onthe justice endof the spectrum, myown Younger Selfis a bit of a literalist. A flat mirror will not work for me, since the angle of incidence is complementary to the angle of reflection, which means that bad energy is actually diverted from the sender and bounced onto innocent parties. My mirror looks like a waffle, and is optically designed to send stuff back exactly where it came from. It's also semi-permeable, and that is even harder to explain. I guess Younger Self is not altogether consistent. On the issue of choosing between the two modes. Justice is a tautology. It will do no better - and no worse - than getting you back to where you began. It protects and maintains, but does not allow for growth. Perhaps you've read Diana Paxon's wonderful book "Red Mare, White Stallion." At the beginning, the women of the tribe have a ritual opportunity to make a wish for the coming year. But the heroine does something even better. When her turn comes, she tells the Goddess "Mother, You choose." Had she chosen, she could not possibly have received anything more than she was capable of imagining. Taking the risk of not choosing was opening herself to surprise and transformation. Reading that was a mind-blow forme. Since then, I have tried to take Diana's dare as much as possible, and not limit myself to tautology. I don't do it all the time, but I stretch toward it. The mirror/shield question resonates with that for me. Minerva/Athena wears a shieldand helmet, and carries aspear. My Sister is a Warrior, but always in defense of the community and always for justice. Never for greed or domination. It is worthy to protect what you have, and worthy to reach beyond. warmly / Judy 630 This article is excerpted from the Rocky Mountain Pagan Journal. Each issue of the Rocky Mountain Pagan Journal is published by High Plains Arts and Sciences; P.O. Box 620604, Littleton Co., 80123, a Colorado Non-Profit Corporation, under a Public Domain Copyright, which entitles any person or group of persons to reproduce, in any form whatsoever, any material contained therein without restriction, so long as articles are not condensed or abbreviated in any fashion, and credit is given the original author.! The Way it Looks from Here Hello again. Lots of changes the last couple of months, both for me and for relatives, friends, acquaintances... This time I think I'd like to talk about "harvest season" for a bit. There are times in the various rites and ceremonies that have to do with the `gathering in' time of the year, when we feel that we need to offer up the "fruits of the harvest" to the Gods. We carefully select the best examples of what we have grown and nurtured since planting-time, polish our apples and scrape the mud off the squash and pumpkins, shuck a few ears of corn perhaps, and bring it all to the altar to offer in solemn ritual to the Lord and Lady, hoping to justify the time and labor we've spent. It is certainly not my purpose here to be skeptical of that pursuit, rather to expand our horizons a bit. For a great many years I followed this "custom", and I must say I never thought much about it all. Two years ago, my father was diagnosed as having cancer. The doctors toiled mightily over him for the past two years, but to no avail. My father passed into Summerland on October 14th, a week short of his 81st birthday, just a few months shy of 50 years of marriage. I couldn't say that Dad was a Pagan in most senses of the word. He did, however, have some interesting views on my religious practices. This last spring, I was trying to explain to Dad why we have harvest celebrations; something he said jarred me out of a rut, as it were, and got me thinking on a parallel, if different track. If, he said, you believe that the Goddess and God are responsible for everything being here, why do you make a big deal out of the harvest offering? The Gods already "own" everything you're trying to give them... Dad pointed out to me that, given a modicum of rain and sun, most plants will grow and flower and fruit entirely on their own, untouched by human hands. Well, that set me to thinking. I've been mulling this over for a few months, and I'm still a bit confused. However, let me have a go at explaining what my thoughts are at this point on the "offering". 631 When I select fruits and vegetables from the garden to offer up to the Gods, the offering I make is not just the produce I lay on the altar. As Dad said, things will grow without, and sometimes in spite of what we do. What I'm doing is offering the fruits of my labor, not the produce itself. I've taken what the Gods gave me, and hopefully increased the yield by watering, fertilizing, hoeing, weeding.... Am I not saying, "I thank you for the raw materials, see what I've accomplished with your gift"? Is life not a gift of the Gods? Every time I step up to the altar in circle, should I not offer up the best of myself in Their service? A little child will pick up a stick or a rock off the street, and give it to you because he loves you. It's all he has to give. We have so much more. The Gods gave us life; they gave us the tools to mold it. By intellect, willpower, emotion, we become who and what we are. If we use those tools, what we offer to the Gods is surely a more acceptable thing to give. My Dad didn't have the easiest or the best of life. Yet, though he had to work six days out of seven most of his life to make a home for Mom and me, he did it with a right good will. He learned everything he could; he did what he had to and a good deal extra; he loved life, nature and his family. He left a leg- acy in the hearts and minds of those who knew him that will not soon be forgotten. I can only hope that when it's time for my final "harvesting", I can make as acceptable an offering as he. And that's the way it looks from here. ___Gary Dumbauld, editor. ..........from RMPJ 12/86 632 This article is excerpted from the Rocky Mountain Pagan Journal. Each issue of the Rocky Mountain Pagan Journal is published by High Plains Arts and Sciences; P.O. Box 620604, Littleton Co., 80123, a Colorado Non-Profit Corporation, under a Public Domain Copyright, which entitles any person or group of persons to reproduce, in any form whatsoever, any material contained therein without restriction, so long as articles are not condensed or abbreviated in any fashion, and credit is given the original author.! CONCERNING THE HEYOKAH Copyright 1987, T. W. Moore Hello, people! Before I get to the subject of this little piece, let me give you a bit of information as to its roots. Recently I have been doing a lot of writing, horror stories for the most part, and this article grew out of that. It is also derived from a dream that I had not too long ago and something that has puzzled me until recently. Now, with all that out of the way, let's get to it. Those of you who are familiar with Native American beliefs already have an idea of what a heyokah is. For the benefit of those who aren't, I'll try to briefly describe him for you. Who knows? There may well be a counterpart in your own tradition. The word heyokah comes from the Lakotah (Sioux) and is used in reference to a particular type of shaman. According to tradition, the heyokah is one who has "dreamed of the Thunder Spirits." This dream bestows great powers upon the medicine man/medicine woman, one of which is reputed to be an ability to influence storms. However, these powers have their price in that the shaman becomes a "contrary/" If you've seen the movie Little Big Man, then you have seen a sample of the heyokah's antics. Of course, this was a parody of the real thing, but our subject does do a lot of clowning around in reverse. Now I've read quite a bit on the subject (there's a lot out there, too), but still couldn't put it together. There seemed to be something missing! It's only in the last month or so that it's become clear to me and I'd like to share my insights with you. 633 Probably the greatest barrier to my understanding was the one created by language. Not being able to speak Lakotah, and additionally not knowing the culture, I lost something in the translation. Here's the whole picture, as I see it anyway. In his vision, the heyokah comes into direct contact with the life-force itself. This is symbolized by the Thunder Spirits that he dreams of. When this occurs, a death/rebirth sequence is begun, which gives the shaman the capacity to control some of the manifestations of life-force. This would include an ability to influence storms and, as is typical of the shamanic experience, the power to heal. He also becomes a very potent teacher. This last is where the "contrariness" comes into focus, in two ways. The first is that the heyokah is teaching us about our selves. By "mirroring" all of our doubts, fears, hatreds, weaknesses, etc. he forces us to examine what we really are. For example, if you have any self-hatred (a common malady in our society) this sacred teacher will make you look at it. The second aspect of his mirroring is that, as we are taught, the heyokah heals us of our hurts. This is the most important and remarkable part of the holy man's clowning. For this wonderful shaman takes our pain and transforms it into laughter. And what can heal a human beings faster than to laugh at ourselves? As you can see, these "sacred clowns" had a very important role in traditional societies. And personally, I think we could use a few more of them in today's world. Suggested Reading SEVEN ARROWS, Hyemeyosts Storm . SONG OF HEYOKAH, Hyemeyosts Storm . LAME DEER: SEEKER OF VISIONS, Richard Erdoes and Lame Deer. SHAMANIC VOICES, Joan Halifax. If anyone would like to respond to this or has anything to share with me, please write to me c/o Post Office Box 11125, Englewood, CO 80110 .......... FROM RMPJ, 2/3/1987 634 FULL MOON RITUAL GROUP The Esbat takes place on the nights of the New Moon and the nights of the Full Moon. On these nights, the Coven usually does any kind of magical work and business they need to. It is enacted, hopefully every Full Moon. Set up: Place a candle in each of the four cardinal directions.Lay the rest of the tools on the altar cloth or near it. The altar can be on the ground, a table, a rock or a stump. The altar should be in the center or just north of center of the Circle. Light the six candles and the incense, start the music and begin the ritual. THE RITUAL Facing North, the High Priest and Priestess kneel in front of the altar with him to her right. She puts the bowl of water on the altar, places the point of her athame in it and says: "I exorcise thee, O Creature of Water, that thou cast out from thee all impurities and uncleanliness of the world of phantasm; in the names of Cernunnos and Aradia" She then puts down her athame and holds up the bowl of water with both hands. The High Priest puts the bowl of salt on the altar, puts his athame in the salt and says: "Blessings be upon this Creature of Salt; let all malignity and hindrance be cast forth hencefrom, and let all good enter herein; wherefore so I bless thee,that thou mayest aid me, in the names of Cernunnos and Aradia." He then puts down his athame and pours the salt into the bowl of water the High Priestess is holding. The High Priest then stands with the rest of the Coven outside the Circle. The High Priestess then draws the Circle with the sword, leaving a gap in the Northeast section. While drawing the Circle, she should visualize the power flowing into the Circle from off the end of the sword. She draws the Circle in a East to North or deosil or clockwise direction. She says: "I conjure thee, O Circle of Power, that thou beest a meeting place of love and joy and truth; a shield against all wickedness and evil; a boundary between men and the realms of the Mighty Ones; a rampart and protection that shall preserve and contain the power that we shall raise within thee. Wherefore do I bless thee and consecrate thee, in the names of Cernunnos and Aradia." 635 The High Priestess lays down the sword and admits the High Priest with a kiss while spinning him deosil and whispers"Bless Be" . He then admits a women the same way. Alternate male female male. Then the High Priestess finishes closing the Circle with the sword. She then names three witches to help strengthen the Circle. The first witch carries the bowl of consecrated water from East to East going deosil, sprinkling the perimeter as she/he goes. They then sprinkle each member in turn. If the witch is male, he sprinkles the High Priestess last who then sprinkles him. If female she sprinkles the High Priest last, who then sprinkles her. The bowl is replaced on the altar. The second witch takes the incense burner around the perimeter and the third takes one of the altar candles. While going around the perimeter, each person says: "Black spirits and white, Red spirits and grey, Harken to the rune I say. Four points of the Circle, weave the spell, East, South, West, North, your tale tell. East is for break of day, South is white for the noontide hour, In the West is twilight grey, And North is black, for the place of power. Three times round the Circle's cast. Great ones, spirits from the past, Witness it and guard it fast." All the Coven pickup their athames and face the East with the High Priest and Priestess in front, him on her right. The High Priestess says: "Ye Lords of the Watchtowers of the East, ye Lords of Air; I do summon, stir, and call you up to witness our rites and to guard the Circle." As she speaks she draws the Invoking Pentagram of Earth in the air with her athame: 2 7 4 5 6 1 3 The High Priest and the rest of the Coven copy her movements with their athames. The High Priestess turns and faces the South and repeats the summoning: "Ye Lords of the Watchtowers of the South, ye Lords of Fire; I dosummon,stirand callyouup, towitnessour ritesandto guard the Circle." She does the same pentagram and then faces West and says: "Ye Lords of the Watchtowers of the West, ye Lords of Water, ye Lords of Death and Initiation; I do summon, stir, and call you up, to witness our rites and to guard the Circle." 636 She faces North with rest of the Coven and says: "Ye Lords of the Watchtowers of the North, ye Lords of E a r t h ; Boreas, thougentleguardian oftheNorthernPortals; thoupowerful God and gentleGoddess;we dosummon,stirandcallyou up,towitness our rites and to guard the Circle." The Circle is completed and sealed. If anyone needs to leave, agate must be made. Using the sword, draw out part of the Circle with a widdershins or counterclockwise stroke. Immediately reseal it and then repeat the opening and closing when the person returns. In this part of the ritual, the Goddess becomes incarnate in the High Priestess. The High Priestess stands in front of the altar with her back to it. She holds the wand in her right hand the scrounge in her left. She crosses her wrists and crosses the wand and scrounge above them while holding them close to her breast. The High Priest stands in front of her and says: "Diana, queen of night In all your beauty bright, Shine on us here, And with your silver beam Unlock the gates of dream; Rise bright and clear. On Earth and sky and sea, Your magic mystery Its spell shall cast, Wherever leaf may grow, Wherever tide may flow, Till all be past. O secret queen of power, At this enchanted hour We ask your boon. May fortune's favor fall Upon true witches all, O Lady Moon!" The High Priest kneels before the High Priestess and gives her the Five Fold Kiss; that is, he kisses her on both feet, both knees, womb, both breasts, and the lips, starting with the right of each pair. He says, as he does this: "Blessed be thy feet, that have brought thee in these ways. Blessed be thy knees, that shall kneel at the sacred altar. Blessed be thy womb, without which we would not be. Blessed be thy breasts, formed in beauty. Blessed be thy lips, that shall utter the Sacred Names." For the kiss on the lips, they embrace, length to length, with their feet touching each others. When he reaches the womb, she spreads her arms wide, and the same after the kiss on the lips.The High Priest kneels again and invokes: 637 "I invoke thee and call upon thee, Mighty Mother of us a l l , bringer of all fruitfulness; by seed and root, by bud and stem, by leaf and flower and fruit, by life and love do I invoke thee to descend upon the body of this thy servant and priestess." During this invocation he touches her with his right forefinger on her right breast, left breast, and womb, repeats the set and finally the right breast. Still kneeling, he spreads his arms out and down, with the palms forward and says: "Hail Aradia! From the Amalthean Horn Pour forth thy store of love; I lowly bend Before thee, I adore thee to the end, With loving sacrifice thy shrine adore. Thy foot is to my lip (he kisses her right foot) my prayer up borne Upon the rising incense smoke; then spend Thine ancient love, O Mighty One, descend To aid me, who without thee am forlorn." The High Priest stands up and steps backwards. The High Priestess draws the Invoking Pentagram of Earth in the air with the wand and says as the Goddess: "Of the Mother darksome and divine Mine the scrounge, and mine the kiss; The five point star of love and bliss Here I charge you in this sign." The High Priest starts off by saying: "Listen to the words of the Great Mother; she who of old was also called among man Artemis, Astarte, Athene, Dione, Melusine, Aphrodite, Cerridwen, Dana, Arianhod, Isis and by many other names." 638 The High Priestess, who should be in a trance, says as the Goddess: Whenever you have need of anything, once in a month, and better it be when the Moon is full, then shall ye assemble in some secret place and adore the spirit of me, who am Queen of all witches. There shall ye assemble, ye who are fain to learn all sorcery, yet have not won its deepest secrets; to these will I teach things that are yet unknown. And ye shall be free from slavery; and as a sign that ye be really free, ye shall be naked in your rites; dance, sing, feast, make music and love, all in my praise. For mine is the ecstasy of the spirit, and mine also is joy on earth; for my law is love unto all beings. Keep pure your highest ideal; strive ever towards it; let naught stop you or turn you aside. For mine is the cup of the wine of life, and the Cauldron of Cerridwen, which is the Holy Grail of Immortality. I am the gracious Goddess, who gives the gift of joy unto the heart of man. Upon Earth, I give the knowledge of the spirit eternal; and beyond death, I give peace and freedom, and reunion with those who have gone before. Nor do I demand sacrifice; for behold I am the Mother of all living things, and my love is poured out upon the earth. I who am the white Moon among the stars, and the mystery of the waters, and the desire of the heart of man, call unto thy soul. Arise, and come unto me. For I am the soul of nature, who gives life to the universe. From me all things proceed, and unto me all things must return; and before my face, beloved of Gods and men, let thine innermost divine self be enfolded in the rapture of the infinite. Let my worship be within the heart that rejoiceth; for behold, all acts of love and pleasure are my rituals. And therefore let there be beauty and strength, power and compassion, honor and humility, mirth and reverence within you. And thou who seekest to seek for me, know thy seeking and yearning shall avail thee not unless thou knowest the mystery; and if that which thou seekest thou findest not within thee,thou will never find it without thee. For behold, I have been with thee from the beginning; and I am that which is attained at the end of desire." The High Priest faces the Priestess and says: "We thank you Our Lady for attending our rites. We bid you farewell till next we call you. Blessed Be." 639 The Witches' Creed should be said by the entire Coven. "Hear now the words of the witches, The secrets we hid in the night, When dark was our destiny's pathway, That now we bring forth into the light. Mysterious Water and Fire, The Earth and the wide ranging Air, By hidden quintessence we know them, And will keep silent and dare. The birth and rebirth of all nature, The passing of winter and spring, We share with the life universal, Rejoice in the magical ring. Four times in the year the Great Sabbat Returns, and the witches are seen At Lammas and Candlemas dancing, On May Eve and old Hallowe'en. When day time and night time are equal, When sun is at greatest and least, The four lesser Sabbats are summoned, Again witches gather in feast. Thirteen silver moons in a year are, Thirteen is the Coven's array. Thirteen times at Esbat make merry, For each golden year and a day. The power was passed down the ages, Each time between woman and man, Each century unto the other, Ere time and ages began. When drawn is the magical circle, By sword or athame of power, It's compass between the two worlds lies, In the land of shades that hour. This world has no right to know it, And the world beyond will tell naught. The oldest of gods are invoked there, The Great Work of Magic is wrought. For two are the mystical pillars, That stand at the gate of the shrine, And two are the powers of nature, The forms and the forces of the divine. The dark and the light in succession, The opposites each unto each, Shown forth as a God and a Goddess: This did our ancestors teach. By night he's the wild wind's rider, The Horn'd One, the Lord of the Shades. By day he's the King of the Woodland, The dweller in green forest glades. She is youthful or old as she pleases, She sails the torn clouds in her barque, The bright silver lady of midnight, The crone who weaves spells in the dark. The master and mistress of magic, They dwell in the deeps of the main, Immortal and ever renewing, With power to free or to bind. 640 So drink the good wine to the Old Gods, And dance and make love in their praise, Till Elphames's fair land shall receive us In peace at the end of our days. And Do What Thou Wilt shall be the challenge, So be it in love that harms none, For this is the only commandment, By magic of old, be it done! Eight words the Witches Creed fulfill: If It Harms None, Do What Thou Will! The High Priest faces the Coven, raises his arms wide and says: "Bagabi lacha bachabe Lamac cahi achababe Karellyos Lamac lamac bachalyas Cabahagy sabalyos Baryolos Lagaz atha cabyolas Samahac atha famolas Hurrahya!" The High Priestess and the Coven repeat: "Hurrahya!" The High Priest and High Priestess face the altar. The High Priest continues: "Great God Cernunnos, return to Earth again! Come to my call and show thy self to men. Shepherd of Goats, upon the wild hill's way, Lead thy lost flocks from darkness unto day. Forgotten are the ways of sleep and night Men seek for them, whose eyes have lost the light. Open the door of dreams, whereby man come to thee. Shepherd of Goats, O answer unto me!" The High Priest and the rest of the Coven then say: "Akhera goittiakhera beitti!" 641 This invocation can be said by anyone or everyone. "Diana of the rounded moon, The Queen of all enchantments here, The wind is crying through the trees, And we invoke thee to appear. The cares of day departed are, The realm of might belongs to thee; And we in love and kinship join With all things wild and free. As powers of magic round us move, Now let time's self dissolve and fade. Here in the place between the worlds May we be one with nature made. Thy consort is the Horn'd One, Whose sevenfold pipes make music sweet. Old Gods of life and love and light, Be here as merrily we meet! For ye the circle's round we tread, And unto ye the wine we pour; The sacred Old Ones of this land, Ye we invoke by ancient lore By magic moon and pagan spell, By all the secrets of the night, Dreams and desires and mystery, Borne on the moonbeams' silver light. Now may we hear, or may we see, Or may we know within the heart, A token of true magic made, Ere from this circle we depart." Pause and wait in silence. There may come a sound, an outward sign or inner vision. When you feel the time is right, end the period of silence by bowing towards the altar and saying: "O GoddessQueen of Night, O Horn'd One of might, In earth and sky and sea May peace and blessing be!" Relax. You can also do any other magic craft at this time. The Coven, except for the High Priestess and High Priest,arrange themselves around the perimeter of the circle, man and woman alternately as far as possible, facing the center. The High Priestess and High Priest stand facing each other in the center of the circle, she with her back to the altar, he with his back to the South. The High Priest kneels before the High Priestess and gives her the Five Fold Kiss; that is, he kisses her on both feet, both knees, womb, both breasts, and the lips, starting with the right of each pair. He says, as he does this: "Blessed be thy feet, that have brought thee in these ways. Blessed be thy knees, that shall kneel at the sacred altar. Blessed be thy womb, without which we would not be. Blessed be thy breasts, formed in beauty. Blessed be thy lips, that shall utter the Sacred Names. 642 For the kiss on the lips, they embrace, length to length, with their feet touching each others. When he reaches the womb, she spreads her arms wide, and the same after the kiss on the lips. The High Priestess then lays herself down, face upwards,with her arms and legs outstretched to form the Pentagram. The High Priest fetches the veil and spreads it over the High Priestess's body, covering her from breasts to knees. He then kneels facing her, with his knees between her feet. The High Priest calls a woman witch by name, to bring his athame from the altar. The woman does so and stands with the athame in her hands, about a yard to the West of the High Priestess's hips and facing her. The High Priest calls a male witch by name, to bring the chalice of wine from the altar. He does so and stands with the chalice in his hands, about a yard to the East of the High Priestess's hips and facing her. The High Priest delivers the invocation: "Assist me to erect the ancient altar, at which in days past all worshipped; The altar of all things. For in old time, Woman was the altar. Thus was the altar made and placed, And the sacred place was the point within the center of the Circle. As we have of old been taught that the point within the center is the origin of all things, Therefore should we adore it; Therefore whom we adore we also invoke. O Circle of Stars, Whereof our father is but the younger brother, Marvel beyond imagination, soul of infinite space, Before whom time is ashamed, the mind bewildered, and the understanding dark, Not unto thee may we attain unless thine image be love. Therefore by seed and stem, root and bud, And leaf and flower and fruit do we invoke thee, O Queen of Space, O Jewel of Light, Continuous on of the heavens; Let it be ever thus That men speak not of thee as One, but as None; And let them not speak of thee at all, since thou art continuous. For thou art the point within the Circle, which we adore; The point of life, without which we would not be. And in this way truly are erected the holy twin pillars; In beauty and strength were they erected To the wonder and glory of all men." The High Priest removes the veil from the High Priestess's body,and hands it to the woman witch, from whom he takes his athame. The High Priestess rises and kneels facing the High Priest,and takes the chalice from the man witch. (Note that both of these handings over are done without the customary ritual kiss.The High Priest continues the invocation: "Altar of mysteries manifold, 643 The sacred Circle's secret point Thus do I sign thee as of old, With kisses of my lips anoint." The High Priest kisses the High Priestess on the lips, and continues: "Open for me the secret way, The pathway of intelligence, Beyond the gates of night and day, Beyond the bounds of time and sense. Behold the mystery aright The five true points of fellowship...." The High Priestess holds up the chalice, and the High Priest lowers the point of his athame into the wine. Both use both of their hands for this. The High Priest continues: "All life is your own, All fruits of the Earth Are fruits of your womb, Your union, your dance. Lady and Lord, We thank you for blessings and abundance. Join with us, Feast with us, Enjoy with us! Blessed Be. Then, either the High Priestess or one of the other women draws the Invoking Pentacle of Earth in the air above the plate with the athame. The High Priest hands his athame to the woman witch and then places both his hands round those of the High Priestess as she holds the chalice. He kisses her, and she sips the wine; she kisses him, and he sips the wine. Both of them keep their hands round the chalice while they do this. The High Priest then takes the chalice from the High Priestess, and they both rise to their feet. The High Priest hands the chalice to a woman witch with a kiss, and she sips. She gives it to a man with a kiss.the chalice is passed around the Coven, man to woman, with a kiss each time, until the entire Coven has sipped the wine. the chalice can be refilled and any one can drink from it without repeating the ritual once the chalice has gone around once. The woman lays down her athame and passes the cakes to the man with a kiss, he passes them back with a kiss and they are passed around the Coven the same way the wine was. Be sure to save some of the wine and some cake for an offering to the Earth and the Little Folk. After the meeting,leave the offering outside of the house if working indoors, or behind in the woods or field,when you leave if you are working outdoors. The High Priestess faces East,with her athame in her hand. The High Priest stands to her right with the rest of the Coven behind them. If any tools have been consecrated, they should be held by the person furthest to the back. The Maiden stands near to the front to blow out each candle in turn. The Priestess says: 644 "Ye Lords of the Watchtowers of the East, ye Lords of Air; we do thank you for attending our rites; and ere ye depart to your pleasant and lovely realms, we bid you hail and farewell ....Hail and farewell." As she speaks, she draws the Banishing Pentagram of Earth in the air in front of her thus, each time: 2 7 4 5 6 1 3 The rest of the Coven copy the Pentagram and chorus in on the second hail and farewell. The Maiden blows out the candle and the Coven faces the south and the High Priestess says: "Ye Lords of the Watchtowers of the South, ye Lords of Fire; we dothankyou forattendingour rites;andere yedepartto your pleasant and lovely realms, we bid you hail and farewell....Hail and farewell." She turns to the West and says: "Ye Lords of the Watchtowers of the West, ye Lords of Water; ye Lords of Death and Initiation; we do thank you for attending our rites;and ereyedepartto yourpleasantandlovely realms,we bid you hail and farewell....Hail and farewell." She turns to the North and says: "Ye Lords of the Watchtowers of the North, ye Lords of Earth; Boreas, thou gentle guardian of the Northern Portals; thoupowerfulGod, Thougentle Goddess;wedo thankyou for attending our rites; andere yedepart for yourpleasant andlovely realms, we bid you hail and farewell....Hail and farewell." This ends the Circle. Bless Be. (Via Seastrider, responsible for the typing and Ravensong for editing into ASCII) 645 THE WISE GOODWIFE "Gramma, I feel hot." "Lands, child, on a cool fall day like this? Come here and let me feel of your forehead. Tsk! Feels like fever. Off to bed with you!" "Gramma, I don't feel good." "I know, child, I know. I reckon it's time to ask Goody Hawkins to help us." "Who's Goody Hawkins?" "Hush, now, try to sleep. I'll come back soon." "Gramma, where did you go?" "Out into the woods back of the farm, child." "Why, Gramma?" "To get Goody Hawkins' help." "Who's Goody Hawkins?" "Well, that's a long story." "Tell me a story, Gramma." Well, you know 'bout the pilgrim days, Thanksgiving and all. Those people way back then, that first time, were giving thanks that they'd lived a whole year in a whole new country, without too many of 'em dyin'. Lotta times you see pictures, drawings, with lots of Indians standin' there to welcome them folks. Well, 'taint so. Weren't nobody there when they got off that boat, not but one Indian, all alone. Hist'ry books say it was him, Squanto, as taught them first folks how to live through one of our winters -- ice 'n sleet 'n snow 'n all, not like they had back in England, where they come from. But that ain't rightly so, neither. Squanto, and a few other friendly Indians as wandered in later, they taught the menfolk. But the women, those days, well, they weren't s'posed to be important, even though they did most o' the work, so we don't hear 'bout them much. Well, a woman come off'n that boat, not quite yet old as your mamma, and her name was Grace Hawkins, but ever' one called her Goody Hawkins. "Goody" is short for "good wife", and it's like callin' a lady "Missus" today. Goody Hawkins was young and pretty, though you couldn't tell that very well, 'cause in those days the womenfolk wore long skirts and long sleeves and bonnets to tuck in and hide their hair. So Goody Hawkins had beautiful long brown hair, though you couldn't see it, and skin soft as the skin of a peach. But she had a nice young husband who loved her very much, and he knew how pretty she was. And Goody Hawkins was one more thing that made her very special: she was a wise woman, who knew plants and herbs and roots and barks to make sick people feel better. They didn't have doctors like we do now, just a lot of men who figured if you were sick your blood was bad and so they'd make you bleed. That got people sicker, more often than not. They thought they were real smart, them old doctors, and maybe they were smart about gettin' money from folks. But they weren't smart 'bout the folks themselves, mostly 'cause they were too busy listening to each other talking 'bout high-falutin' doctor things in big words than listening to the sick bodies of the sick people. 646 But Goody Hawkins was different. She listened to the people talking 'bout what hurt them, and she felt of their heads and wrists and looked into their eyes and ears and mouths. And sometimes she didn't seem to look at them at all. She just closed her eyes and looked at them with her heart. And then she'd go into big clay pots and little wooden boxes in her house, and pick out just the thing a sick person needed. And do you know how she knew just the right thing, how Goody Hawkins could see with her heart and not just her eyes? Goody Hawkins was a witch. No, not like you dress up at Halloween. A real witch, a real wise woman. No warts, no wire hair, remember I told you she was pretty. And no flying broom, neither. She didn't need to fly, 'cause she could see ev'rything. Well, no, she didn't have a crystal ball. But they way my granny told me, and her granny told her, was that she had a big silver bowl, a real treasure. And she'd pour clear rainwater in that bowl, and look into it in the nighttime, with just a candle for light. And they say she could see miles away, and even years away. Into yesterday, say, or last year, or ten years ago. And sometimes, she could see tomorrow. A cauldron? Why of course she had a cauldron. Ever'one did, those days, just like we have pots and pans today. But she only had a little one at first--remember, they were poor in them first few years in America, and iron costed a lot of money. Goody Hawkins had just the little cauldron she brought with her from home, only as big as my big soup pot. What did she boil up in her cauldron? Well, not babies, I can tell you that! It was herbs, mostly, tree bark and roots and such. Anise and coltsfoot, simmered with a little sugar or honey, as good a cough syrup as you can find nowadays, and even better than some. That's a recipe my granny's granny knew, and likely Goody Hawkins as well. Goody Hawkins made ointments from herbs and grease, she made soaps for fleas and lice, she brewed teas, she made mashes for cuts and bad hurts to make them heal clean and fast. But I haven't told you the best part: Goody Hawkins could do magic. Not like making scarves disappear in her fist or pulling quarters out of your ear. I mean spells, oh yes, and special little bundles of things in little bags to keep in your pocket or put under your pillow. These had herbs in 'em, yes, and besides that she could put in a special rock, maybe, or a little short twig from a certain tree, or a piece of paper with secrets written on it, or any such small thing. You could wear one for good luck, sleep on one to have good dreams. In the nighttime, often, you could see a light shining in Goody Hawkins' cottage, warm and bright, and if you listened real hard, you might hear words, strong and beautiful, or singing so soft and sweet it might have come out of a fairy hill. And in the daytime, oh, the smells that came out of that cottage! You could tell what was brewing by the smells of the herbs in the breeze. Rosemary, mint, clove and cinnamon, lemon-leaf, basil, horehound and lavender. And hanging from the ceiling in one corner of the cottage were always bunches of drying herbs, filling the whole room with spicyness and sweetness. She brought the little boxes special from her home in England, but the rest she got right here, from the meadows and forests. 647 One day she was in the forest, gathering plants for medicines. Some of the plants were just like at home, she knew them right away. Others she didn't know, and them she would look at, and smell, and taste of--it was right dangerous, that, but weren't no other way to find out about 'em. This spring day, after their first long hard, winter had passed, Goody Hawkins went to pluck a leaf off'n a plant, to taste it. Suddenly, she heard a crashing in the bushes and a woman's voice crying out to her. She turned around and who should she see but an Indian woman, near her own age, come runnin' toward her, talkin' words she couldn't understand. This Indian woman, she snatched that leaf from Goody Hawkins and shooed her away from that plant quick as she could. The Indian woman pulled out a thin stick, rounded at one end, and waved it so that Goody Hawkins thought the other woman might hit her with it, so she backed up, afraid. But the Indian woman turned to the plant and commenced to digging it out of the ground with her stick, digging up the roots. The Indian woman pulled off the roots and pushed them into Goody Hawkins' hands, keeping some for herself. She put the roots into a deerskin bag, and 'twas then that Goody Hawkins saw other herbs and things in that bag, and figured out that t'other woman was in the woods for just the same job as herself, namely, getting herbs. Even though they didn't speak each other's language, by pantomiming and pointing they could understand each other, and Goody Hawkins learned that the leaf she'd been about to eat was deadly poison. But the roots were good eating, roasted or boiled just like a potato. How 'bout that! Plants are funny that way. Goody Hawkins realized she owed her life to the Indian woman, for warnin' her off'n them leaves. But she didn't know just how to thank her new friend. Still, they spent the rest of the day walkin' in the woods, an' Goody Hawkins learned more about the new world's plants in one day than she could've in weeks if she'd had to figure things out for herself. And by the end of the day, Goody Hawkins knew some Algonquin, and the Indian woman, Namequa, knew some words in English. Namequa saw Goody Hawkins back to the little town and then faded into the trees almost like magic. Well, the seasons came and went, and Goody Hawkins had her hands full trying to keep people well, what with the snakes and unfriendly Indians and poisonous plants all around. The folks couldn't get none of the plants they brought with 'em to grow very well, 'cause the weather was so different from England's. That mean that folks weren't eatin' right, and 'specially with the children that was bad. But Namequa showed Goody Hawkins plants that were good eating, and Goody Hawkins showed the other womenfolk, and for a time the folks there lived like Indians, what with the menfolk learnin' to hunt and fish from Squanto and the women learnin' to gather wild plants to eat from Goody Hawkins and Namequa. That first thanksgiving feast, they didn't eat just the corn and squash and beans that Squanto showed the men how to grow, they also had roasted-seed mush and lamb's-quarters gathered by the women. All those, and the deer the neighboring Indians brought, well, that was some dinner! 648 Well, little by little, them folks got settled. Other ships came, with more people, and, later, with cows and other stock. And then Goody Hawkins was busier than ever, 'cause she was s'posed to take care of sick animals, too. Back then, if a cow didn't give milk, folks were apt to think the fairies had stolen the milk in the night, so 'twas only natural they should ask their wise woman for help. Before long, there were babies, too, human and animal, and mothers needed Goody Hawkins' help to bring 'em into the world. Somehow, though, through all of this, Goody Hawkins kept time to visit with her good friend, and to keep learning, and to look into her silver bowl every now and again. Well, the years went on, and ever'body got older, and some folks just died from getting old. Goody Hawkins' husband died too, and they hadn't any children, so Goody Hawkins should have been alone in the world. But she had her friend Namequa, and every little child in the town called her "Aunt Grace"--she wasn't their real aunt, you know, but they loved her like she was, 'cause she made them things, like sweet-scented pillows, and spicy cookies, and she always listened to them when they told her things. Goody Hawkins had learned a lot from Namequa's tribe, and now that she had no husband to take care of, she spent more time visiting with her Indian friends, and they learned from her too. Indian magic is full of drums and dreaming. Goody Hawkins' magic was full of words and wishing. But she was careful not to let the rest of the folks know she was learnin' and teachin' magic. Why not? Well, folks don't like what they don't understand, is all. People were afraid of lots of things in them days, 'specially in a strange new place. And as more o' them Puritan preachers come over from England, the folks would be more secret 'bout visiting Goody Hawkins, not wanting the preachers to know they was holding to the old ways. And the preachers, 'specially one Pastor Langford, looked sidewise and never straight on at Goody Hawkins, bein' afraid she might hex 'em or some such nonsense. Well, Pastor Langford thought she was workin' for the devil, but he didn't want to say it outright, 'cause folks liked her. But even that was changing as Goody Hawkins spent more time with Namequa's tribe, and folk got to whispering about it. There was a number of men interested in marryin' to her, after her husband died, saying it wasn't right for a woman to live alone, but she didn't care 'bout any of 'em. She said no to all of 'em, and some of 'em went away mad. And folk got to saying things outright. One lady said she seen Goody Hawkins dancing naked with all them Indians. Another said there was a demon keeping Goody Hawkins company, which was why she wasn't wanting to marry again. Somebody else said that it was that demon that killed Goody Hawkins' husband. All round town words buzzed like stinging wasps. Now, when a cow wasn't giving milk, it was Goody Hawkins, not the fairies, who they thought had stolen it. Folks began to keep their children away from her. And Pastor Langford came right out and made fiery sermons about witches and the devil and sin and punishment. Goody Hawkins saw and heard all of this, but what could she do? It was her word against the words of respectable folk, and nobody was going to believe her. So she kept silent, kept to herself, and waited. 649 She didn't have to wait long. One evening, she came home from a visit to her Indian friends and found her cottage in ruins. Jars were smashed, boxes thrown all over. The herb-bunches had been torn down from the ceiling, her cauldron overturned, Bible verses scrawled all over the walls with charcoal from her fireplace. "Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live", they said, and Goody Hawkins felt cold in her heart because she knew that the people wanted to kill her. And worst of all, her beautiful silver bowl was all bent and crushed, like someone had hit it with a hammer. Goody Hawkins sat down at the table in the midst of the mess, and cried. She felt helpless and angry. She wished she really could turn people into toads. She made half-hearted tries at cleaning up, but gave it up. Her heart burned with wanting to hurt the people who'd done it, and froze with knowing her life wasn't worth a straw to 'em. My granny said, that in that hour the devil did come to her, offerin' to kill the townsfolk for her, if she'd give up her soul to him, but Goody Hawkins chased him out with her broom. I think more likely, she thought about putting poison in the well-water, but knew that not only would that poison the townsfolk, it'd poison the water and the earth, and the water and earth hadn't hurt her. And she knew that killing all those folks would poison her soul, too, forever, make her sour and angry as a real wicked witch. So instead, she gathered all her power to her, all her love and strength; she threw down her hiding bonnet, and shook out her hair, which was getting grey by now, and walked proud and tall out into the town square. The folks began to gather round, saying hateful things. But Goody Hawkins lifted up her arms and began to sing, strong and sweet, in the old tongue that nobody but wise folk could speak anymore. And when the folks saw that their words couldn't hurt her, they commenced to pick up stones to throw at her. But before they could throw their stones, the preachers came and said she'd have to have a proper trial. So soldiers took Goody Hawkins away with them, away from the shouting people, and she was still singing as they locked her up. They tried to get her to tell them things, like was she partners with the devil, and had she hexed people and animals, and did she have a demon helper, and did she change into a cat to steal milk, but she never did nothing but close her eyes and sing softly, smiling like she saw something beautiful. So finally they gave up and took her to the courthouse. There all kinds of people told stories about Goody Hawkins and things she'd never really done. And all through it, Goody Hawkins stood tall, and looked straight in the faces of the folks as was doing the telling. When ever'one was through with their lyin', the judge asked Goody Hawkins had she anything to say. Goody Hawkins looked round at the folks, looking like your momma when she's gonna scold you, and began tellin' each one what she'd done for them. This one wouldn't be alive if Goody Hawkins hadn't helped his mother with the birthing. That one's daughter was deathly sick with fever, and Goody Hawkins cured her. The other one's cows were dropping down dead before Goody Hawkins found out they were eating poisonous leaves. There wasn't one person in that courtroom Goody Hawkins hadn't helped somehow over the years. And folks were looking like you do when you're getting a scolding and you know you've been wrong. 650 But Pastor Langford butted in and said that Goody Hawkins must have led the cows to the poison leaves, she must have made the little girl sick, she must have put a hex on the mother so her baby had trouble being born. And even though some folks still looked uncertain, the rest of 'em started howling for Goody Hawkins to die, and that was that. They took her out to the town square where there was a big oak tree, to hang her onto it. Some soldiers held the crowd back, while two of the others tied Goody Hawkins up, tied a rope around her neck, and threw the other end over one of the branches of the tree. Goody Hawkins wasn't scared to die, but she was scared of the pain, though she didn't let the people see that. She looked out at them and smiled, and was glad to see some people quit their shouting and look worried. Pastor Langford come up, looking nervous, and said, "Do you wish to confess your sins? You may yet be forgiven and reach Heaven." Goody Hawkins just smiled and said, "I have nothing to confess or be forgiven for, nothing I am ashamed of. I want no part of your heaven." The preacher fairly threw a fit right there, choking and stuttering, he wanted so bad to cuss and swear at her but couldn't in front of the townsfolk. So he just pointed to the soldier holding the end of the rope, and he commenced to hauling on it. Goody Hawkins felt the rope tighten and her ears started to ring, and she took what she was sure was her last breath. But suddenly there was a scream, and the rope went loose. Her head cleared, she looked around, and saw the soldier who'd been pulling her up holding onto his arm, where there was an arrow sticking out of it. Folks was shouting and running all over the place, and Goody Hawkins saw that a whole tribe of Indians had come out of the woods like magic with bows and arrows and spears and all. The soldiers couldn't get a clear shot at none of the Indians, what with folks running round like ants when their hill gets kicked over. And in the middle of all that hollerin' and confusion, Goody Hawkins felt a sharp blade between her wrists, cutting the ropes that tied her. There was two Indians there, a big young man and Goody Hawkins' friend Namequa who held a finger to her lips to shush her. The young man scooped Goody Hawkins up in his arms, and ran into the woods carrying her. All of a sudden, the Indians disappeared like morning mist, and when the folks looked round, Goody Hawkins was gone too. The folks never saw her again, and Namequa's tribe were never as friendly to them. Goody Hawkins' cottage was just left to fall down and rot, and nothing in it was ever touched. But some folks was sorry Goody Hawkins was gone, 'specially when they got sick, or their children or animals. And one day a mother whose little baby was sick as could be and nobody could help her, she went into the woods by herself, carrying an iron pot. She walked into a clearing, and waited, listening. The woods got quiet, like they were listening too, and the lady commenced to talking about the baby's problem and asking for help of whoever was listening. She put the pot down, turned around, and walked out of the woods without looking back. The next day, she came back, and where she'd left the pot, there was a little bundle of herbs, wrapped up in a soft deerskin. She ran home with it, and made it into tea for her baby, and the baby got better. 651 Well, word of the cure got round among the womenfolk. Real quiet like, it got round, not like the lies 'bout Goody Hawkins had gotten round before. They kept it a secret from the preachers, and after a while the preachers forgot about Goody Hawkins. And ever' once in a while, a woman would slip away from the town, out into the woods, carrying some small thing, that she thought Goody Hawkins might be able to use, knowing that Goody Hawkins was out there somewhere, and would hear them. And always there would be an herb packet there the next day, or a little charm, or some such. As the years went by, the herb packets stopped appearing, but the woman who turned back would see a shaft of light fall on some plant, and would take of that back home with her. And finally, even that stopped, but somehow the help always came, somebody got better. There was a song, too. My granny's granny taught her this song, and my granny taught it to me, to sing to Goody Hawkins when we needed help: With heavy heart I come and stand The oak and bonny ivy, A gift to offer in my hand. The hazel, ash and bay tree. How can I hope for any good The oak and bonny ivy, By standing in the empty wood? The hazel, ash and bay tree. But I will trust and dry my tears, The oak and bonny ivy, And know that the Wise Goodwife hears. The hazel, ash, and bay tree. Tsk! Asleep already. Good. "Child, what are you doing out of bed?" "I feel better, gramma!" "Let me feel of your forehead. Well, that's fine." "Gramma, can I have my coat?" "Where are you going, child?" "Out to the woods, gramma." "What's that you have there?" "It's a picture, gramma, look." "Well, that's right nice. I think I can guess who that is. And I see you've given her back her silver bowl! She'll be happy. Off you go, then." "Bye, gramma. I'll come back soon." (c)copyright 1986, Leigh Ann Hussey. Used with permission. If you enjoyed this story, send $5 to: Leigh Ann Hussey, 2240 Blake St. #308, Berkeley, CA 94704, and I'll send you a nicely typeset copy for your library! 652 There is a volume by the title of: The Gnostic Gospels Elaine Pagels -1981 Vintage Books Dr. Elaine Pagelsis one ofmany who workedon translating a cache of codices found near Jabal al-Tarif, a section of cliff on the right bank marking the limit ofthe Nile valley and the arable land between Chenobskeia and Pabau. The fruit of that effort is recorded in a volume entitled: The Nag Hammadi Library in English James M. Robinson, General Editor - 1978 Harper & Row I believe, however, that it is the Infancy Gospels of "The Lost Books of the Bible and the Forgotten Books of Eden" that contain the relating of the events that you have described in your note. As far as I know all three of these works are currently available or orderable through most booksellers. What follows is a listing of the contents of "The Lost Books of The Bible and The Forgotten Books of Eden", "The Nag Hammadi Library", and "The Apocrypha". Please feel free to extract this for your own reference. 653 "The Lost Books of The Bible and The Forgotten Books of Eden" Total of 35 Works ------------------------------------------------------------- (The Lost Books of the Bible) 1 The Gospel of the Birth of Mary 2 Protoevangelion 3 1 The first Gospel of the INFANCY of Jesus Christ 4 2 Thomas's Gospel of the INFANCY of Jesus Christ 5 Epistle of Christ & Abgarus 6 Gospel of Nicodemus (formerly Acts of Pontius Pilate 7 The Apostles' Creed 8 Epistle of Paul to Laodiceans 9 Epistles of Paul & Seneca 10 Acts of Paul & Thecla 11 1 Epistle of Clement to Corinthians 12 2 Epistle of Clement to Corinthians 13 Epistle of Barnabus 14 Epistle of Ignatius to Ephesians 15 Epistle of Ignatius to Magnesians 16 Epistle of Ignatius to Trallians 17 Epistle of Ignatius to Romans 18 Epistle of Ignatius to Philadelphians 19 Epistle of Ignatius to Smyrnaeans 20 Epistle of Ignatius to Polycarp 21 Epistle of Polycarp to Philippians 22 1 Hermas Visions 23 2 Hermas Commands 24 3 Hermas Similitudes 25 Letters of Herod & Pilate 26 The Lost Gospel of Peter (Forgotten Books of Eden). 27 1 The conflict of ADAM & EVE w/Satan 28 2 The 2nd book of ADAM & EVE 29 The Book of the Secrets of Enoch 30 The Psalms of Solomon 31 Odes of Solomon 32 Letter of Aristeas 33 4th book of MACCABEES 34 Story of Ahikar 35 Testament of Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulum, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Joseph, and Benjamin * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * 654 The Nag Hammadi Library Total of 52 Works ----------------------- 1 The Prayer of the Apostle Paul 2 The Apocryphon (secret book) of James 3 The Gospel of Truth 4 The Treatise on Resurrection 5 The Tripartite Tractate 6 The Apocryphon of John 7 The Gospel of Thomas 8 The Gospel of Phillip 9 The Hypostasis of the Archons 10 On the Origin of the World 11 The Exegesis on the Soul 12 The Book of Thomas the Contender 13 The Gospel of the Egyptians 14 Eugnostos of the Blessed 15 The Sophia of Jesus Christ 16 The Dialogue of the Savior 17 The Apocalypse of Paul 18 The First Apocalypse of James 19 The Second Apocalypse of James 20 The Apocalypse of Adam 21 The Acts of Peter and the Twelve Apostles 22 The Thunder, Perfect Mind 23 Authoritative Teaching 24 The Concept of Our Great Power 25 The Discourse on the Eighth and Ninth 26 The Prayer of Thanksgiving (+ scribal note) 27 Asclepius 28 The Paraphrase of Shem 29 The Second Treatise of the Great Seth 30 Apocalypse of Peter 31 The Teachings of Silvanus 32 The Three Steles of Seth 33 Zostrianos 34 The Letter of Peter to Phillip 35 Melchizedek 36 The Thought of Norea 37 The Testimony of Truth 38 Marsanes 39 The Interpretation of Knowledge 40 A Valentinian Exposition 41 On the Anointing 42 On Baptism A 43 On Baptism B 44 On the Eucharist A 45 On the Eucharist B 46 Allogenes 47 Hypsiphrone 48 The Sentences of Sextus 49 The Gospel of Truth 50 Trimorphic Protennoia 51 The Gospel of Mary 52 The Act of Peter ** A section of Plato's "Republic" was also found together with the above works. 655 * * * * * * * ** * * * * * * * ** * * * * * * ** * * * * * * ** * * * * * * The Books of the Apocrypha Total of 15 works -------------------------- 1 1 Esdras 2 2 Esdras 3 Tobit 4 Judith 5 Remaining Chapters of the Book of Esther 6 Wisdom of Solomon 7 Ecclesiasticus (Wisdom of Jesus son of Sirach) 8 Baruch 9 A Letter of Jeremiah 10 The Song of Three 11 Daniel and Susanna 12 Daniel, Bel, and the Snake (or Dragon) 13 Prayer of Manasseh 14 1 Maccabees 15 2 Maccabees Total of 102 non-canonical works in three collections. There are still other works than these! It should be noted here that some of the Apocrypha are recognized as canon by some and are contained in some translations of Bible, usually included between the Old and New Testaments. 656 THE GREAT RITE (SYMBOLIC) Preparation: the chalice should be filled with wine. A veil of at least a yard square is needed preferably of a Goddess color such as blue, green, silver, or white. The Coven, except for the High Priestess and High Priest,arrange themselves around the perimeter of the circle, man and woman alternately as far as possible, facing the center. The High Priestess and High Priest stand facing each other in the center of the circle, she with her back to the altar, he with his back to the South. The High Priest kneels before the High Priestess and gives her the Five Fold Kiss; that is, he kisses her on both feet,both knees, womb, both breasts, and the lips, starting with the right of each pair. he says, as he does this: "Blessed be thy feet, that have brought thee in these ways. Blessed be thy knees, that shall kneel at the sacred altar. Blessed be thy womb, without which we would not be. Blessed be thy breasts, formed in beauty. Blessed be thy lips, that shall utter the Sacred Names." Forthekisson thelips,they embrace,lengthtolength,with their feet touching each others. When he reaches the womb, she spreads her arms wide, and the same after the kiss on the lips. TheHighPriestess thenlays herselfdown,face upwards,with her arms and legs outstretched to form the Pentagram. The High Priest fetches the veil and spreads it over the High Priestess's body, covering her from breasts to knees. He then kneels facing her, with his knees between her feet. TheHigh Priestcalls a womanwitch byname, tobring his athame from the altar. The woman does so and stands with the athame in her hands, about a yard to the West of the High Priestess's hips and facing her. TheHigh Priestcalls amalewitch byname,to bringthe chaliceof wine from the altar. He does so and stands with the chalice in his hands, about a yard to the East of the High Priestess's hips and facing her. 657 The High Priest delivers the invocation: "Assist me to erect the ancient altar, at which in days past all worshipped; The altar of all things. For in old time, Woman was the altar. Thus was the altar made and placed, And the sacred place was the point within the center of the Circle. Aswehave ofold beentaught thatthe pointwithin thecenter is the origin of all things, Therefore should we adore it; Therefore whom we adore we also invoke. O Circle of Stars, Whereof our father is but the younger brother, Marvel beyond imagination, soul of infinite space, Before whom time is ashamed, the mind bewildered, and the understanding dark, Not unto thee may we attain unless thine image be love. Therefore by seed and stem, root and bud, And leaf and flower and fruit do we invoke thee, O Queen of Space, O Jewel of Light, Continuous on of the heavens; Let it be ever thus That men speak not of thee as One, but as None; And let them not speak of thee at all, since thou art continuous. For thou art the point within the Circle, which we adore; The point of life, without which we would not be. And in this way truly are erected the holy twin pillars; In beauty and strength were they erected To the wonder and glory of all men." TheHigh Priestremoves theveil fromthe HighPriestess's body, and hands it to the woman witch, from whom he takes his athame. TheHigh Priestess risesand kneels facingthe High Priest,and takes the chalice from the man witch. (Note that both of these handings-over are done without the customary ritual kiss.The High Priest continues the invocation: "Altar of mysteries manifold, The sacred Circle's secret point Thus do I sign thee as of old, With kisses of my lips anoint." The High Priest kisses the High Priestess on the lips, and continues: "Open for me the secret way, The pathway of intelligence, Beyond the gates of night and day, Beyond the bounds of time and sense. Behold the mystery aright The five true points of fellowship...." 658 TheHigh Priestessholdsupthe chalice,andtheHigh Priestlowers the point of his athame into the wine. Both use both of their hands for this. The High Priest continues: "Here where Lance and Grail unite, And feet, and knees, and breast, and lip." TheHigh Priesthandshis athametothe womanwitchand thenplaces both his hands round those of the High Priestess as she holds the chalice. He kisses her, and she sips the wine; she kisses him, and he sips the wine. Both of them keep their hands around the chalice while they do this. TheHighPriest thentakesthechalice fromtheHighPriestess, and they both rise to their feet. TheHigh Priesthands thechaliceto awoman witchwitha kiss,and she sips. She gives it to a man with a kiss. The chalice is passed around the Coven, man to woman, with a kiss each time, until the entire Coven has sipped the wine. The chalice can be refilled and any one can drink from it without repeating the ritual once the chalice has gone around once. To consecratethe cakes,the woman picksup her athame,and the man, kneeling before her, holds up the dish. the woman draws the Invoking Pentacle of Earth in the air above the plate while the man says: "O Queen most secret, bless this food into our bodies; bestowing health, wealth, strength, joy and peace, and that fulfillment of love that is perfect happiness." The womanlaysdown herathameand passesthe cakestothe manwith a kiss, he passes them back with a kiss and they are passed around the Coven the same way the wine was. Be sure to save some of the wine and some cake for an offering to the Earth and the Little Folk. After the meeting,leave the offering outside of the house if working indoors, or behind in the woods or field, when you leave if you are working outdoors. Farrar, Janet and Stewart; "Eight Sabbats For Witches"; Robert Hale 1983 (Transcribed onto computer file by Seastrider) THE GREAT RITE ACTUAL Preparation: the chalice should be filled with wine. A veil of at least a yard square is needed preferably of a Goddess color such as blue, green, silver, or white. The Coven, except for the High Priestess and High Priest,arrange themselves around the perimeter of the circle, man and woman alternately as far as possible, facing the center. The High Priestess and High Priest stand facing each other in the center of the circle, she with her back to the altar, he with his back to the South. The High Priest kneels before the High Priestess and gives her the Five Fold Kiss; that is, he kisses her on both feet,both knees, womb, both breasts, and the lips, starting with the right of each pair. he says, as he does this: 659 "Blessed be thy feet, that have brought thee in these ways. Blessed be thy knees, that shall kneel at the sacred altar. Blessed be thy womb, without which we would not be. Blessed be thy breasts, formed in beauty. Blessed be thy lips, that shall utter the Sacred Names." For the kiss on the lips, they embrace, length-to-length,with their feet touching each others. When he reaches the womb, she spreads her arms wide, and the same after the kiss on the lips. The High Priestess then lays herself down, face upwards,with her arms and legs outstretched to form the Pentagram. The High Priest fetches the veil and spreads it over the High Priestess's body, covering her from breasts to knees. He then kneels facing her, with his knees between her feet. The High Priest delivers the invocation: "Assist me to erect the ancient altar, at which in days past all worshipped; The altar of all things. For in old time, Woman was the altar. Thus was the altar made and placed, And the sacred place was the point within the center of the Circle. As we have of old been taughtthat the point within the center is the origin of all things, Therefore should we adore it; Therefore whom we adore we also invoke. O Circle of Stars, Whereof our father is but the younger brother, Marvel beyond imagination, soul of infinite space, Before whom time is ashamed, the mind bewildered, and the understanding dark, Not unto thee may we attain unless thine image be love. Therefore by seed and stem, root and bud, And leaf and flower and fruit do we invoke thee, O Queen of Space, O Jewel of Light, Continuous on of the heavens; Let it be ever thus That men speak not of thee as One, but as None; And let them not speak of thee at all, since thou art continuous. For thou art the point within the Circle, which we adore; The point of life, without which we would not be. And in this way truly are erected the holy twin pillars; In beauty and strength were they erected To the wonder and glory of all men." The Maiden fetches her athame from the altar and ritually opens a gate way in the Circle. The Coven file through and leave the room. The Maiden is the last one through and reseals the Circle. The High Priest removes the veil from the High Priestess's body. 660 The High Priestess rises and kneels facing the High Priest. The High Priest continues the invocation: "Altar of mysteries manifold, The sacred Circle's secret point Thus do I sign thee as of old, With kisses of my lips anoint." The High Priest kisses the High Priestess on the lips, and continues: "Open for me the secret way, The pathway of intelligence, Beyond the gates of night and day, Beyond the bounds of time and sense. Behold the mystery aright The five true points of fellowship...." "Here where Lance and Grail unite, And feet, and knees, and breast, and lip." The High Priest and High Priestess now have intercourse.This is a private matter between them and none of the Coven can question them about it. When they are done, one of them ritually opens the Circle and calls the rest of the Coven. When they are back in the Circle, it is again sealed. The wine is now consecrated. A male witch kneels in front of the altar before a female witch. He holds up a chalice of wine and she holds her athame point down and lowers the athame into the wine. The man says: "As the athame is to the male, so the cup is to the female; and conjoined, they become one in truth." The woman lays down her athame on the altar and kisses the man who remains kneeling and she accepts the chalice from him. She sips the wine, kisses him again and he sips, rises, and gives it to another woman with a kiss. The chalice is passed around the Coven, man to woman, with a kiss each time, until the entire Coven has sipped the wine. The chalice can be refilled and any one can drink from it without repeating the ritual once the chalice has gone around once. To consecrate the cakes, the woman picks up her athame,and the man, kneeling before her, holds up the dish. The woman draws the Invoking Pentacle of Earth in the air above the plate while the man says: "O Queen most secret, bless this food into our bodies; bestowing health, wealth, strength, joy and peace, and that fulfillment of love that is perfect happiness." The woman lays down her athame and passes the cakes to the man with a kiss, he passes them back with a kiss and they are passed around the Coven the same way the wine was. Be sure to save some of the wine and some cake for an offering to the Earth and the Little Folk. After the meeting,leave the offering outside of the house if working indoors, or behind in the woods or field, when you leave if you are working outdoors. Farrar, Janet and Stewart; "Eight Sabbats For Witches"; Robert Hale 1983 Transcribed to computer file by Seastrider. 661 WORLD HEALING MEDITATION By John Randolph Price In the beginning In the beginning God In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And God said Let there be light; and there was light. Now is the time of the new beginning. I am a co-creator with God, and it is a new Heaven that comes. as the God Will of God is expressed on Earth through me. It the Kingdom of Light, Love, Peace, and Understanding. And I am doing my part to reveal its Reality. I begin with me. I am a living Soul and the Spirit of God dwells in me, as me. I and the Father are one, and all that the Father has is mine. In Truth, I am the Christ in God. What is true of me is true of everyone, for God is all and all is God. I see only the Spirit of God in every Soul. And to every man woman and child on Earth I say: I love you, for you are me. You are my Holy Self! I now open my heart. and let the pure essence of Unconditional Love pour out. I see it as a Golden Light radiating from the center of my being. and I feel its Divine Vibration in and through me, above and below me. I am one with the Light. I am filled with the Light. I am illumined by the Light. I am the Light of the world. With purpose of mind, I sends forth the Light. I let the radiance go before me to join the other Lights. I know this is happening all over the world at this moment. I see the merging Lights. There is now one Light. We are the Light of the world. The one Light of Love, Peace, and Understanding is moving. It flows across the face of the Earth, touching and illuminating every soul in the shadow of the illusion. And where there was darkness, there is now the Light of Reality. And the Radiance grows, permeating, saturating every form of life. There is only the vibration of one Perfect Life now. All the kingdoms of the Earth respond, and the Planet is alive with Light and Love. There is total Oneness, and in this Oneness we speak the Word. Let the sense of separation be dissolved. Let mankind be returned to Godkind. Let peace come forth in every mind. Let Love flow forth from every heart. Let forgiveness reign in every soul. Let understanding be the common bond. And now from the Light of the world. the One Presence and Power of the Universe responds. The Activity of God is healing and harmonizing Planet Earth. Omnipotence is made manifest. I am seeing the salvation of the planet before my very eyes. as all false beliefs and error patterns are dissolved. The sense of separation is no more; the healing has taken place, and the world is restored to sanity. This is the beginning of Peace on Earth and Good Will toward all, as Love flows forth from every heart, forgiveness reigns in every soul, and all hearts and minds are one in perfect understanding. It is done. And it is so. 662 How I "Heal" by Matrika of PAN - the Psychic Awareness Network You asked what forms of healing people do and included things that might not be considered healing in the usual sense. Well, one of my special interests is Pagans in Recovery. This is a group of Pagans who are in 12-step recovery programs - Alcoholics Anonymous and other self-help groups that are based on A.A. such as Gamblers Anonymous, Al-Anon, Narcotics Anonymous, Overeater's Anonymous, Adult Children of Alcoholics, Emotions Anonymous etc. etc. etc. If you can think of an obstacle in your life or somebody else's, chances are that someone somewhere has started a 12-step program to deal with it. The problem is that many Pagans, Feminist Priestesses, Shamans, Druids, and any other type of Magickal folk you can think of, often don't feel comfortable in AA and these related groups. WHY? THe meetings CLOSE with the Lord's prayer or the "our father" and have many Christian overtones taken from the general culture, although they are technically supposed to be non-sectarian in their spiritual approach. Many Pagans in these groups find that they have trouble applying the steps of recovery in the context of what they believe to find recovery for their specific problems. This is particularly difficult in cases of Alcoholism and Drug addiction - and these problems DO exist to a great degree in the Pagan/Magickal communities - in which A.A. and Narcotics Anonymous are often the most successful treatment approaches available to the average person and that feeling excluded from them can mean death, insanity or jail to the person who does not find the help they need. While living in New England I wrote a series of articles on how to apply the steps of recovery in a Pagan/Magickal context in HARVEST - a popular newsletter for the Craft in that region, that is now becoming nationwide. THe last of these was printed in Yule of 1989, just before I left to move here. At the same time I discovered PAGANS IN RECOVERY had been formed on a national basis in Ohio and had a list of a large number of people, as well as nationwide contacts for networking. (Pagans in Recovery is published for $8.00 a year - address Pagans in Recovery Newsletter c/o Bekki 6500 S.R. 356 , New Marshfield OHIO 45766) An interesting note is that we both started doing this work separately and originally I also had a network called PANTHEISTS IN RECOVERY. Neither of us had known of the others existence at the time of starting the work and taking these names. Pantheists in Recovery has since merged with the national network, as I saw no need to duplicate their excellent efforts. Another interesting note is that, in my case, doing this was inspired by J.A.C.S. - an organization for Jewish Alcoholics, Chemically dependent people and their Significant others. It had been founded for the same purpose by some Jewish folks in A.A. in New York City and has now spread across the country, to Canada, and to Israel with several thousand names on their mailing lists. These people also felt the need for support to integrate their recovery program with their religion because they were non-Christians. A very special part of this extended "healing" work for me is that I have the support of my partner Koren, the sysop of PAN, who is my partner both in the Craft and in our lives together. Although he is not himself in any of these recovery programs, he has been very helpful and supportive of my work in reaching out to other Pagans who are also in these groups. 663 HOME BLESSING MAGICK A home blessing meditation for charging a room: o Sit Straight with palms on lap, take deep breaths, relax, and move into a mental space where you activate your intuitive senses, o Imagine a cord of energy from your spine connecting you to the Earth, and channel energy from the Earth through it, o Silently ask for divine protection, guidance, and blessing, o Direct your psychic sensing outward, and feel lines of force coming out of your aura, o Note where the strongest energy is (check out the floor,ceiling, directions, etc), Note spots that feel empty or dead, note places that feel full alive, focus on where you are sitting and how you feel at that particular spot, o Imagine a sphere of light and love energy at your heart, feel it pulsing outward with every breath. o Feel the radiance increase with every breath, feel your self as a star, continue to breathe deeply and send out the energy, letting it pulsate in the room, o When ready, start making power sounds representing the love and light you are channeling; use it to amplify the light you are weaving; and fill the room with the energy, o Then shift focus to sending a probe out into the room, and note the differences in the quality of energy and how you feel about it, oRepeat if necessary, oWhen done, feel the completeness of the work. A room blessing involving elemental quarter invocations: oFace each direction (with arms out in appropriate elemental invoking gesture), and say, while channeling and visualizing elemental power: - Powers of (say direction), - Powers of (say corresponding element), - We great you, we honor you, we welcome you here! - Watch over and bless and protect this place. oAfter each invocation, shape the energy into columns of light by sweeping ones arms together until they are parallel and sweeping them up and down while channeling and shaping the energy, oWhen the energy is properly shaped, say so "mote it be." oAfter you have done all four quarters, channel in spirit energy. To return the energy to a more mellow state while energizing yourself, put your hands out and take in a bit of the energy into your self from each direction, going widdershins, hold hands to your heart and take in the energy (techniques also exist for bringing it into a stone and retrieving it when needed). The above was taught by Selena Fox at Esotericon V, in January 1988. 664 SOLITAIRE IMBOLC RITUAL by Micheal Hall distributed by PAN - the Psychic Awareness Network - 1703-362-1139 Note - by Matrika, co-sysop - this ritual was written by someone I knew from the Boston MA. area a couple of years back. It is based on a combination of the lore of the Wicca and some of the afro-caribbean diaspora traditions of Paganism and Magick. ================================================================== On your altar should be placed a circle of 13 stones and, within the circle of stones, a circle of 13 candles. Within the circle of candles should be spread some maize - i.e. corn meal - and in that a waxen female candle to symbolize the Goddess on your altar. On the eastern side of the altar should be placed a small sheaf of grain with a candle inserted inside it. You should dress in your usual ceremonial garb for Magickal rites or skyclad, as you prefer. Retire to bathe in salt-water (use sea salt) before the ritual. As you do so picture the water cleansing the soul and spirit, just as it cleanses the body. When you have dressed, anoint yourself with a holy oil. When you have prepared yourself, sit in a dim quiet place and light a candle - ONE THAT IS NOT BEING USED IN THE RITES - and meditate on how at this time of year the Goddess in her fiery aspect AS LIGHT was welcomed back into the Temples and the Homes of the land. Take this candle and walk slowly to your altar. Place it in the circle of the 13 candles. Then light the two altar candles, which are separate from the circle of lights also, and the incense. (Incense should be stick or powdered incense on charcoal in a swinging burner.) Then light all the quarter candles in the 4 directions, starting in the east and going clockwise. cast your circle in the usual manner, but Invoke the Goddess with the following: "Sacred womb, giver of the secrets of Life, Mother of all that exists in the Universe, I ask your guardianship of this gathering and your assistance in my work. I am gathered in celebration of your gifts and my work is most holy. SO MOTE IT BE" and Invoke the God in the following manner: "Fire of the sky, guardian of all that exists in the Universe, I ask your guardianship of this gathering and your assistance in my work. I am gathered in celebration of your gifts and my work is most holy. SO MOTE IT BE" (continue with the circle casting if it is not already finished) Light the 13 candles and then the Goddess candle in the center and say: "Warm and quickening Light awaken and bring forth beauty for thou art my pleasure and my bounty LORD and LADY OSiRIS AND ISIS" (or you may substitute whatever names your circle uses for the God and the Goddess - or those you personally prefer) 665 Reflect a moment on the coming of the light and offer up the incense. say "O ancient Ones Timeless Goddess and Sacred King who art the heralds of springtime and it's bounties be with me now in celebration Hail to Osiris and Isis Harvest giver and blessed Lady Let this be a time and a place sacred to your power and your beauty SO MOTE IT BE" Light the candle in the sheaf of grain and hold it up with the loaf of bread in the other hand and say (or the cakes - whatever you or your tradition uses for the cakes and wine/juice ceremony) "My Lord and Lady, as the seed becomes the grain, so the grain becomes the bread, Mark the everlasting value of our seasons and their changes. " Break a piece of the bread or cakes off and burn it as an offering in the central candle. Then say " IN the deepest Icy Winter the seed of the Earth lies deep within the womb of the Great Mother. The Spring brings the heat of the Father and with their joining comes new life. The completion of the cycle brings food to the children of the world. As I taste the food I shall know the wisdom of the cycles and be blessed with the food of wisdom throughout my life" consecrate cakes and wine/juice in the usual manner and partake of them, but first raise your chalice or drinking horn and say "Hail to thee ISIS Hail to thee Osiris For thou art blessed" After this commune in meditation with the Lord and lady for a while, then close the circle in your usual manner. GOOD IMBOLC 666 The Perridwyn School of Hypnosis presents ... -HYPNOSIS 101- Hypnosis is a state offocused awareness. It issomething everyone has experienced countless times; among instances of it are waking up or getting absorbed in a good book. The characteristics of the state vary; it cannot be pinpointed on an EEG and the experience is different for everyone though there are common elements. A person can be hypnotized and while that state be having a great time at a party; no zombie eyes no intonations of Yeesss Massterr no wandering about with arms outstretched. Hypnosis does not have a unique and unmistakable insignia indicating its presence. This is generally not the case with the PROCESS of hypnosis. Patterns of hypnosis have been written up and used for decades. You can find books depicting the process in bookstores and libraries. The process is intended to create that state of focused awareness. It is this process I wish to discuss in the remainder of this post. [Hypnosis and being hypnotized will refer to the process should there be any confusion.] General Considerations Hypnosis can be thought of as a game that is binding. The rules are initially defined by the expectations of the subject which encompasses all their experiences with it everything they've seen on TV and old movies and what the subject has been told about hypnosis. These rules dictate what will and will not be effective; which inductions will and will not work; and the conduct of the subject while in the state of hypnosis. The rules are mutable. Debunking misconceptions demonstrations and providing more information -- accurate or not -- will affect the rules of the game. A professor at Stanford illustrated how greatly expectations dictate results. The gentleman told one of his introductory psychology classes that an unfailing indication of a hypnotized subject was that their right arm would float upwards. The professor told another class the same thing only in this case he specified it was the left hand that would rise. When he hypnotized members of both classes he discovered that students responded in accord with their expectations. The right arm of the members of the first class did indeed rise while with members of the second class only the left hand rose. Inhypnosis the subject callsthe shots. Their expectations outline the manner in which the game is to be played. The hypnotist wields no mystical power; she and the subject have an agreement that the process of hypnosis is conducted in a certain manner and each player behaves in a particular way. The level at which the game is played is defined by the rules and the degree of trust the subject feels for the hypnotist. A mistrustful subject will be paying far more attention to what you are doing and what you might be scheming than to what you are saying. 667 Hypnosis is useful as a catalyst. As seen above the state itself is not too exhilarating in and of itself. The process and the applications are what make it fun and useful. You can call on your mind's abilities to control pain [useful]; you can play the most intense imagination game of D&D of your life [fun]. The functionof the hypnotist is to provide a focal point and talk their partner through evoking the intended result. The process usually begins with a discussion of hypnosis. This is to determine the purpose of a session debunk misconceptions get a sense of the subject's expectations and generally make things go easier later. The induction consists of bringing the subject's awareness to something and keeping it focused. The hypnotist gives suggestions to bring about the determined purpose including any post-hypnotic suggestions. Then she guides the subject back to a normal state of awareness. WHAT HYPNOSIS IS NOT - It is not sleep. The participant is thoroughly aware of their surroundings. They may choose to ignore them. The hypnotist may ask the subject to ignore things or to focus all attention on one idea. - You can not get stuck in hypnosis. Either you will awaken on your own or the state will become one of natural sleep. Sometimes a subject requires a few more moments to return. Sometimes the subject refuses to return. This is particularly true of stage hypnosis; if a subject feels pissed off at the hypnotist it can be mightily gratifying to unnerve said offending hypnotist by not responding. Even if this is the case the subject will still either return on their own or fall asleep. - A hypnotized person will not knowingly violate their code of ethics. Milton Erickson messed around with this a bit and found it to be particularly true if he made it clear that the subject was responsible for the consequences of their actions. There are three twists here; 1. A person may do somethingseemingly unethical if it is o.k. according to their moral standards especially if they believe being hypnotized at the time is sufficient excuse. 2. Stage hypnotists evoke some silly behavior which might ordinarily be contrary to the subject's code of conduct. This is a result of group pressure of the forgivability of stage hypnosis and of the streak of hamming it up in each of us. 3. A person can be tricked. If I am told I am in a blazing hot desert sweating buckets and the only way to get cool is to take my shirt off I might do that. I will not do that because I am an exhibitionist. If I am directly told to take off my shirt first I will snap back to the here and now and next I will drop-kick the lech out of my house. Furthermore once such a maneuver is recognized the hypnotist has utterly destroyed the subject's trust and will have no further success with them. 668 NITTY GRITTY STUFF First some things concerning speaking. The hypnotist oughtnot speak in a monotone; not only is it unnecessary it is an annoyance. Rather she should make her voice congruent with what she's saying. If she is describing a soothing walk on the beach under a restful sunset she ought not sound hyper. It is useful to use a particular tone of voice when hypnotizing people. This is helpful because soon there will be an association between The Voice and the state. In addition it means you will not inadvertently trip an association if you use your normal speaking voice with someone whom you see primarily for hypnosis you are apt to zone them out just by saying Howzit goin The Voice comes with practice and you can pick it out after a while. There are definite reasons behind word choices. Sense words make things more vivid; describe the colors textures and sounds associated with that soothing walk on the beach. Repeating words and phrases helps things sink in and adds rhythm to your patter. You may opt to say things in a permissive way [in a moment you may picture yourself walking upon a soothing beach; perhaps there is a glorious sunset coloring the sky crimson and purple] or in an authoritative way [ You are walking on a beach. The beach is soothing; it makes you more and more relaxed. Notice the glorious sunset]. The choice of words is based on the situation the hypnotist's style and most of all upon the personality and rules of the subject. Make them fit. LEVERAGE Synonyms for this word include credibility and rapport. Leverage makes suggestions more effective. Things that generate leverage are accurate descriptions of present experience and accurate descriptions of future events. An accurate description of your present experience may be that your eyes are moving across these words and you feel the keyboard beneath your waiting fingers and you feel the chair beneath you and you hear noises in the background that you have not been paying much attention to until now. An accurate description of future events can be that as you read these words you will become aware of your left earlobe. Another is that when you take your next really deep breath your hand may feel somewhat lighter. I base my estimation of your awareness of your earlobe on the fact that mentioning it almost inevitably makes you think about it. The second assertion is much shakier in this context but stronger if you were being hypnotised. Relax your hands on your lap for a moment and inhale deeply. Notice how your shoulders rise a little and tug your arm up a little bit Things that are bad for credibility are ability tests and blatant contradictions of present experience. When you use an ability test you run the risk of it not working. They do work for many people and sometimes providing useful information but it is very difficult to recover gracefully from an unsuccessful ability test. The participant may reach the conclusion that they can not be hypnotized or that you are incapable of hypnotizing them. Blatant contradiction of present experience as you carefully scrutinize the upper left corner of your monitor you can become aware of the little picture of a pink-and-purple hippopotamus. Riiight. 669 Now to tie these together. If you have been correct in the past few descriptions you increase the probability you will be in the next one. As an example presume I am being hypnotized right now. I am told about how I feel the keyboard under my hands as my fingers dance from key to key (correct)I glance at my scribblings to help me clarify this thought (correct)and I hear muffled music in the background (also correct)and as I notice these things I can feel myself becoming more and more relaxed. The last assertion is pure speculation; there is no reason that those things should make me feel more relaxed and no real indication that I'm mellowing out noticing these things. However the hypnotist has been right on three counts so far. He has acquired a little credibility. My response is going to be Sure he's been right so far why not now This point is somewhat esoteric;if it makes sense fine. Ifit doesn't or even if it does read Trance-Formations listed at the end of this post. The authors go over this in detail and in a very skillful and clear fashion. Let this stand the more accurate you are, so much the better; a really incorrect statement or blatant failure is apt to be disruptive. INDUCTIONS The purpose of an induction is to focus awareness on something and gradually move through to evoking the intended results. The methods are many and varied. Very often the focal point is relaxation. Progressive relaxation consists of deliberately tensing and relaxing (sometimes just relaxing) each part of the body paying attention to releasing every bit of tension. Descriptions of soothing surroundings or experiences are also used to produce relaxation. Trance-Formations describes an induction utilizing points mentioned above. It consists of sets of six statements. The first set contains five accurate descriptions of present experience and one abstract or unverifiable statement (... and these things make you feel more and more relaxed ...and while you notice them you feel a sense of security ... and strangely enough these remind you of wrecking Aunt Milllie's car). The next set contains four present-experiences and two abstracts; then three present-experiences and three abstracts and so on until you're dealing with just the abstracts. Confusion inductions consist of confusing the hell out of someone and then providing them with an understandable option. This confusion often consists of ambiguous statements or plays on words. Take the words right write rite and Wright. As you right about the right brothers you realize you have violated the rights of those whose right this is by righting with your right instead of your left. The intended response is a huge HUH at which point you offer an understandable option ... and that makes you feel really silly! The option is an escape route from all that unpleasantness and ambiguity and therefore desirable. 670 Inductions take time. It is common for an induction to take ten or twenty minutes with a participant who has not been hypnotized much before or is unused to your style. Signs of effectiveness the participant's responses match your description. ... and that makes you feel really silly may be met with a smile; depictions of relaxation are matched with visible decreases in tension. Requests to picture scenes usually evoke rapid eye movement. If you ask your partner to do a lot of talking you will notice changes in their manner of speaking; it becomes quieter slower perhaps a little less well enunciated. Depending on what you ask them to say and how familiar you are with their normal speech patterns you may notice differences in word choices. Subjectively you or the participant may feel more lethargic and may experience dissociation. For me that means that I could do a lot of things like move my hand up a few inches but it would require so much energy and I do not think it important enough at the time to expend that energy. Also I tend to start loosing track of where I left my limbs (tee hee); I know they're there somewhere but don't think it important enough to bother to relocate them. It is desirable to make series of suggestions flow as smoothly as possible. Choppy sentences are more apt to create tension than soothe them. Flowing sentences encourage relaxation have better rhythm to them and can possess more leverage. Take these three phrases You feel the chair beneath you. You see the text on the screen. You are becoming more relaxed than ever before. The simplest way to connect them is with plain old conjunctions. You feel the chair beneath you AND you see the text on the screen AND you are becoming more relaxed than ever before. Next step up simultaneous words. AS you feel the chair beneath youyou see the text on the screen AND AT THE SAME TIME you are becoming more relaxed than ever before. The most powerful way to hook up phrases is with causal words. SINCE you feel the chair beneath you AND BECAUSE you see the text on the screen you are becoming more relaxed than ever before. SUGGESTIONS CENTRAL This is the portion of the process where you accomplish the stated purpose; the part of the game that is binding. Suggestion styles include the following: - Direct suggestion. This is where you flat-out say such and such is going to happen. When you are going to bed tonight you will feel compelled to think of purple hippos. As soon as your head touches the pillow purple hippos will occupy your every thought. 671 - Indirect suggestion. Comprised of visualization and storytelling. Visualization is just mentally creating the event. It is not restricted to just pictures; whichever senses make it more real are the ones you should appeal to. If you know the person is oriented to one sense more than another, describe with them. ( See the purple hippos dancing on your quilt. Hear them thundering up the hallway. Feel the floor shake with their every step. ) If in doubt it can't hurt to use all of them. [ Most people favor either vision hearing or kinesthics so you needn't necessarily go into how it tastes to chow down on purple hippo. If you were visualizing walking in a flower garden however it makes sense to include smell. Use what is appropriate.] Picture yourself preparing for bed. Your teeth are brushed; the sounds of traffic are hushed; and the pillow feels delightfully cool against your cheek. As you snuggle down under the pillows your mind turns to thoughts of purple hippos. Storytelling is more subtle than both direct suggestion and visualization. You relate an event or anecdote which provides a sort of framework for conduct. When I was a child every night as I went to sleep I would conjure up a rainbow zoo dancing on my bed covers. First there would be the lions as yellow as lemons. Following them were orange alligators... [blah blah blah through blue ostriches..] And last and best of all were the purple hippos. They were my favorite part of the procession; I looked forward to them as soon as my head touched the pillow. And the last thoughts on my mind were of those purple hippos cavorting on my quilt. If it's something really strange like the above you probably wish to attribute it to a weird cousin or obscure newspaper clipping. Lead into these gracefully; this example might start off with bedtime rituals in general and in the present then remembering back to bedtime rituals as a child then into your story. ( How many people will think of purple hippos the night after they read this) These should be related in an appropriately serious manner. If it's silly sound a little silly but present it as if it's important as if you were sharing it with a friend. If you make it sound important it will be received as such. Go gently with them too; don't holler PURPLE HIPPOS CAVORTING ON THE QUILT. Just weave it into its surroundings. Storytelling is best for going sideways at something for attending to integral corollaries of the purpose. Their power is in subtlety. - Subliminals. It is possible to mark out certain words as you say them. You may make a certain unobtrusive gesture change pitch or loudness slightly glance off in a certain direction -- something small enough not to require the participant's full-blown attention but designed so they will be able to perceive it. This is the hardest thing for me to give an example of because it's something I have not begun to master. If you could possibly string the words purple hippo and bedtime together in a few sentences that make enough sense so the listener doesn't get confused and go back to review them then you'd mark out those particular words with a perceivable and unique action. You'd also probably want to throw in similar words -- lavender going to sleep late-night thoughts -- to be sure the point gets across. Trance-Formations goes over this too; if you read it you may find it interesting to observe your own behavior during the subliminals chapters. 672 Phrase suggestions as positively as possible. Don't think of purple hippos is an utterly futile idea. Eating less is better put as being content with smaller portions. Pain is a loaded word; use discomfort or the presence of comfort instead. You get the idea. Participants tend to take suggestions literally. One lady was told to picture herself leaving the office then turning out the lights. When she acted on this she left work. She then turned the lights off via the circuit box. Telling someone .. and your husband is being a big pain in the neck can translate into a nasty headache. If you're doing hypnosis at night be careful with words about being wide awake when you're bringing your partner back. Be as unambiguous as possible; be aware of literal translations. This is a good place to mention trance logic and literal mindedness. Trance logic appears when the participant is really into it. Presume they believe they speak only French. If you ask if they understand English the reply will be Non. Do they know only French Oui. Literal mindedness is illustrated by asking your partner if they can raise their right hand and getting a response of Yes. Will they Yes. Now Yes. Suggestions should be given at a pace that matches the participant's breathing. It enhances rapport and is an acceptably leisurely pace. Appeal to preferred senses. If you're using hypnosis for habit modification when you're determining the purpose of the session learn what is motivating the participant. If the purpose were keeping up interest in exercise and the participant liked jogging because it created a feeling of independence don't sell the virtues of those neat suits and funky sneakers. Unless of course s/he likes them too. If you are confused by a response ask. Doesn't hurt a bit. If something unexpected happens stay calm. If it's an unusual action like drumming fingers you can ask about it. You can also incorporate it which acknowledges and accepts that action. And the drumming of your fingers makes you more and more relaxed. If someone bursts into tears suddenly stay calm. Ask why this is happening. Ask if the participant wants to continue and respect their reply. You can incorporate that too; ... and you feel those tears washing through you cleaning away your anger leaving you calm and serene. Unexpected interruptions and noises are better incorporated than ignored unless you discern from a total lack of response that they were not important enough for the participant to pay attention to. THERE AND BACK AGAIN Bringing your partner back to the here-and-now is easy. First undo any unusual suggestions that would make life unpleasant. If you suggested numbness in a hand be sure feeling is restored. If you're unsure do a general banishing. Next make it clear you are concluding. And before you return to the here and now allow yourself to bask in this feeling of relaxation. If you look down the hall you will see a door marked EXIT. Then conclude. When you're ready you can return to the here and now feeling perfectly fine in every way. 1starting to return2feeling more alert3half way there4feeling fine in every way5awake! ( Snap if you feel really showy.) 673 If your participant doesn't sit up and rub their eyes blearily within a reasonable amount of time ( a couple minutes or as soon as you get to awake! ) determine if they fell asleep. If they did it's a credit to your ability to help others feel relaxed. Make certain they heard you and know what the deal is. Restate it; if you do a count-up the best maneuver is to leave the ball in their court and let them come back when they're ready. If that seems to be taking an inordinate amount of time give suggestions about feeling more alert prepared to come back. And as usual if you're uncertain ask! A nice reinforcer is to gradually switch back from The Voice to your regular voice as you conclude. With the 1-to-5 set up you might be speaking very quietly at one and graduate until at five your voice is somewhat louder than usual. Now is an excellent time to ask for feedback. Feedback will tell you if you forgot to undo anything [ bring them back in, negate it, ask if anything else needs undoing, bring them back out]. It will tell you how you can make your style more effective in general or with just this person. It also acknowledges their part in the proceedings. If they're pissed off at you for some inconsideration it is a good time to clear the air and acknowledge the validity of their complaint. REINDUCING HYPNOSIS If you both desire to create a word, gesture, mental image, whatever that will bring the participant back to a state of deep relaxation between the main set of purpose-suggestions and the return is the place to do it. Select an appropriate item; state that when this item is done AND the participant consciously desires to return to this state of deep relaxation that it will happen. Conscious intent prevents accidentally triggering it. You do NOT want it to be inadvertently activated while the participant is driving. It might not be in their rules that they can realize the deal and correct it; it may take vital moments for that realization to arrive; it may take time to brush away those cobwebby feelings of deep relaxation -- don't put it to the test. MISCELLANY Pre-induction chats not only let you become more aware of the participant's rules it prevents problems by letting you debunk. You might not discover that this person believes they can reawaken only if you say Ah-La-Peanut-Butter-Sandwiches; telling them they'll just fall asleep is a nice margin to have. Be trust-worthy and honorable. A gentleman tried to induce me to swig a beer. I would not. He has been unable to hypnotise me since then; he has lost my trust utterly. I will not risk a second chance. Not many people will. This is intended to be an overview of general hypnosis. There are really weird variants that I don't know enough about to write up. [ F'rinstance -- inducing hypnosis like as in zoning people waaaaay out without formal inductions just talking with them. NEAT!] I left out a bunch of stuff you will find in most books on hypnosis -- history depth categories (not necessarily useful and specifics on applications. Go to your bookstore. 674 Supplement this. These are my rules of the Game. If you find them useful, keep them. GOOD BOOKS Hypnosis A Journey Into The Mind by Anita Anderson-Evangelista. The most thorough beginning book on hypnosis the library possesses. Good stuff! Trance-Formations by Richard Bandler and John Grinder. Kind of esoteric, but really neat techniques and approaches. Frogs Into Princes, also by Bandler and Grinder. Provides information on sense preferences, keywords, and rapport. Does not deal with hypnosis per se but the information within applies. Tapes or live sessions are useful for helping you pick up the pattern of patter. They can provide new approaches and effective ways to say things. THINGS I THOUGHT TO ADD IN THE WEE HOURS OF THE NIGHT Presuppositions also possess leverage. A presupposition offers achoice on the surface and at the root of it is a fundamental Given. Would you prefer to go into a light or deep trance - the given is that the state will manifest and it is also presumed that the participant is capable of deeper degrees. An induction related to the Confusion technique is overloading. Direct the participant's awareness to as many things as possible. The human mind can only attend to so many things; given too many it will start to withdraw or cut down. Offer suggestions regarding relaxation along with pointing out that they can perceive X while thinking of K. Kind of the same principle as the confusion technique. Another way to reinduce a hypnotic state is to ask the participant to recall one. To answer your questions especially very specific questions your partner re-accesses that state goes into it a little bit. Or a lot. Depends on the person and memory. If you're working with the same person you can ask them to review the last session. If your partner has been hypnotised before you can ask questions about what the hypnotist said how they were seated or lying down did the hypnotist talk in a slow drawling manner or in an intense steady one what did s/he say what did the participant find most effective -- anything pertaining to recreating the experience is fine. Then you can gracefully start an induction. Ok while you're still recalling how pleasant it was to be so deeply relaxed why don't you just let your eyes close. 675 ADDENDA When you're giving the main set of suggestions repetition of the main points is helpful. Drives the ideas home. You may wish to ask if the suggestions were well understood from time to time. Whenyou're giving suggestions in generalwatch the participant carefully especially if you're describing something. You want to be on the alert for a negative response (handy word comes fastest to mind). If you're describing something that's really loaded, unpleasant, or plain too weird you can see it by the participant's responses. Clenched hands tension around the jaw hunched shoulders tensing up in general; these and anything you recognize as a negative response are things to look out for. If you are describing the participant as swimming in the ocean and they are phobic of water or if Jaws is on their mind you will know it by these indicators. Your choices are to gracefully offer alternatives (... or if you prefer you can find yourself in a forest glade) or to inquire. 676 Taliesin Subject:witchcraft & Prayer Jrohr states that"Magic to a witch is the same thing as prayer to a Christian" Then jrohr goes on to say"A witch would use magick in the form of a spell or a circle to focus the power of mind that is within us all." Magick is not the same thing as prayer!Prayer is not used to focus the power of mind that is within us all.Prayer is sent to outside forces.The benefits are attributed to whatever god or gods the supplicant believes in.It is also used without much hope of success. It is considered "God's will",no matter whether your god is benevolent or a zealous tyrant.I'm speaking in general about religions,not just christianity. If a ritual{such as the one's described}were being used to augment the psychic abilities of us all,given that they exist,I fail to see in what way it would be related to prayer,religion,or any sort of spirituality. If a spell or circle were being used to achieve the desired results by calling on gods or goddesses in a carefully proscribed way,intending to enforce their aid,willing or not,to enforce you will,I would not call that prayer either. I have read the Mists of Avalon.I thought it was a very interesting book,both for her ideas on religion and feminism.I think it helps make witchcraft very attractive as a religion.But is it really a religion? Is it a science based on natural abilities?What is the role of magic in witchcraft? Many people object to witchcraft from a religious point of view.It doesn't fit their beliefs or cultural biases.Others object to it from a scientific point of view because they don't believe in magic. Is a belief in magic necessary to embrace witchcraft as a religion? Is a belief in religion {,mysticism,enlightenment}necessary for the practice of the craft{magick}? 677 Subject: What the occult is (or may be) As a practicing witch (and I do need the practice!) I simply cannot allow a charge (as I saw it) of Satanism to go unanswered. I don't know if the guy was trying to be funny or what, but it did get some discussion going, so that's something. What I was trying to get at (reading it back) was just how little the occult has to do with religion. Most of the occult is tied up in religious beliefs, true, but then so was most of science back before the Renaissance and Copernicus. Before then, the greatest . If we begin to treat the occult the same way we would treat investigations int o physics or biology, then we Parapsychologists are studying occult and psychic phenomena, and coming up with some very interesting results. True, they have not been able to definitively prove or dis- prove anything, but please keep in mind that they are working under a tremendous social attitude that "there's some reasonable explanation for all of this." I think, that given the nature of this particular conference, we can make the assumption that occult and psychic phen- omena exist, and can be worked with at a practical level., and therefor we can go from there. (Something I picked up from religion class... to keep people from nit-picking over minutiae, you list your assumptions at the top of the page.) So there we are. THE OCCULT EXISTS. The next step is to come up with a satisfactory definition. To me, the occult consists of the entire set of ritual and ritualized behaviors intended to promote a particular psychic or psychological result. This can range from ritual magic (Beltaine gatherings and the Catholic mass) to personal rituals intended to help you get through an ordeal (sports figures preparing to go into a game, or me preparing to receive a shot.). to receive a shot). These rituals (for lack of a better word, forgive) result in a change in state, of the people involve as well as possibly a d and possibly in the world around (if such was the intent.) That may not satisfy you. Remember that at this stage, definitions are a highly personal thing., rather like your own personal philosophy. I also write this under trying circumstances (a friend is loudly championing her views as I type). A word about bookstores. Remember, bookstores cater to the public, and try to keep anything controversial off the shelves. Unless they are occult bookstores, DO NOT TRUST THE SUBJECT HEADINGS. Be careful what you buy. Flub and bunnies Shirley McLaine is next to The Necro- nomicon is next to 1400 Ways to Read Your Future in an Ordinary Deck of Playing Cards is next to... You get my meaning. Your best bet is to find a book someone else has read and liked and to special order it. It may be more expensive, but you know what you are getting. 678 It seems that throughout history different words have been given meanings that are not really what they mean. The word "occult" is one of them. The word as Jezebel pointed out means "hidden" or "secret". In fact early christianity was a "occult religion" (I find it interesting and sad that a religion that was so persecuted in its infancy has turned around and in its power persecuted other victim of bad press. The word "witch" and "faggot" are other examples. Did you ever wonder where that word fag come from?? Well its because they used to burn the homosexuals before that witches (hence "flaming faggot") To a Brit the word means " a small thatch of kindling" I could go on but I will spare you all.... Please keep in mind that language is a powerful thing. Enough of my babblings..end note.. I personally hope for the day when people can reach a level of open mindedness that no positive religion must be hidden or secret and must spend all this time and energy saying what they are NOT. By the way speaking as a future librarian, most bookstores need to have a intensive course in cataloging. I, who can find my way around Watson with no problem get lost at Town Criers!! Subject: witchcraft I hope this helps to clarify a few points. Magick to a witch is basically the same thing as prayer is a christian..again evidence of language. A witch would use magick in the form of a spell or circle to focus the power of the mind that is within us all. For example I have a object that when I feel some real negative energy I concentrate that energy and "put" it into the object then I ground out the object... another example is the burning of loveletters after the relationship has gone away. This is a way of purging the focusing. What I want to stress is that Wicca is the religion and witchcraft is the practice. A good book to read is Marion Zimmer Bradleys "The Mists of Avalon". It is basically a retelling of the Arthurian Legend though the eyes of the women. It gives a good feel of the spirit of Wicca and its conflict with the church (notice I said church not Christ) In fact Morgaine says "I have no quarrel with the christ only his priests" Please keep in mind that the book descriptions of the rituals are what it might have been like in the 6th century Witches celebrate the holidays in a more modern manner. Just as the christians celebrate edited versions of the original mass. Subject: RE:What occult is I don't think that I can leave Jezebel's basic assumptions unchallenged. I don't think that they are the minutiae but rather the basics of this discussion. I still think that you are stirring religion,mysticism,parapsychology, and magic into one large cauldron of ideas and beliefs.It's rather more clear to me that your definition of "occult"is closer to my definition of magic. I'm not at all sure that you can give magic {or magic}the categorization of a science. Let's start with parapsychology.Parapsychologists do not consider their field as having anything to do with the occult.They feel the same way about being confused with magic or witchcraft{or ufology or cryptozoology or fortune-telling,etc.}as witches do about being confused with Satanists. They're having a difficult enough time being accepted as a legitimate science as it is,due to the subjective and elusive nature of "psi"and it's inability to be reconciled with what we know to be true of"normal" 679 laws of nature. Their are three main areas of paranormal study.Informational psi {telepathy,clairvoyance,precognition,retrocognition},expressive psi {psychokinesis and related effects}and survival-related experiences. These are rather arbitrary divisions since it is often impossible to determine which category of psi may be in effect. If we have the given that people have psi experiences in all cultures and that they are a common and normal part of human experience although difficult to understand,it still requires a large conceptual leap to conclude that one could influence their world through the use of magick or ritual. Witchcraft also has much to do with religion.Many religions have promoted and accepted the inborn psi abilities of people,often without the trappings or belief system associated with ritual magic.In fact,one anthropological division made between magic and religion is the idea that religions use prayer{politely asking the god or gods to intercede on their behalf]and magic uses ritual designed to coerce or persuade the gods to act{or,if you prefer,the universe to change itself to suit you.}Either way,both of these things are quite different from the idea that people can sometimes know or do things in ways that are as yet inexplicable,but will someday be known. If you accept the presence of psi as an innate human ability,it still doesn't prove the existence of any god or gods,the efficacy of magic or magical laws or rules.It doesn't justify one belief system over any others although I can understand the temptation to point to PK and say,"see,people can move things with their minds,therefore magic works." What would be a good example of proof that their is something to"the craft"in witchcraft?I don't know.Maybe jezebel or jrohr can answer that. Does the acceptance of the existence of magic justify a belief in witch- craft as a religion?I don't think so.I think that is an entirely different concept.If witchcraft is a religion at all,a belief in magic would just be another part of that religion,although it may be necessary to it. RE: what do we worship? No, we do not worship Satan! The occult (the word means "hidden") was a perfectly legitimate field of study among the Magi before and during the Renaissance. But with the birth of "science", notably physics and chemistry (from alchemy), the study of the occult fell into disfavor because it couldn't be "proved" in the same way that the "hard" sciences can. Remember, the driving quest of the alchemists was to discover how to turn lead into gold. That is now possible. It's not easy, but it's now possible. the study of the occult has been revived and renamed "parapsychology", and there are serious, documented cases of telepathy, clairvoyance, precognition, the existence of ghosts, etc.. So there is some scientific (unless you don't consider psychology to be science) evidence of "supernatural" phenomena, which may prove to be a set of very natural occurrences after all. 680 If you are studying the occult as a non-scientist, you are probably studying ways in which a person can expand her own psychic powers. Religion has little to do with it! Admittedly, the Christian church attempts to discourage people from experimenting, but the Jewish tradition has a splendid tradition of occult study in the Caballah. It is important to realize that the occult is a tool by which many things can be accomplished. THE OCCULT IS NOT EVIL IN AND OF ITSELF! A hypodermic needle, for instance, can cause great harm, by being used to inject poison or intravenous drugs (and helping the spread of such diseases as hepatitis and AIDS.) But a needle can also be used to inject vaccines, and antibiotics, and none considers banning needles simply because of the potential harm they can "do". The same is true of the occult. It is not the fact of its use that is important, it is rather the use to which it is put. An evil action is an evil action, whether it is by spell or by physical means. The Wiccans have but one law: An it harm none, do as you will. The Wiccans are also great users of positive magic. For a good, non religious look at the occult and its potential, I suggest Marian Weinstein's book POSITIVE MAGIC. I found it at Adventure here in lawrence, and I understand it can also be gotten through Lamplighter Books. Subject: What is the "occult"? I'm sorry,jezebel,but your reply to "guest"left me a bit confused. Are you trying to define occult,or defend and rationalize belief in the paranormal,or give a discourse on the ethics of the use of ritual magic? It seems to me that there are several issues here{admittedly,none of which have anything to do with devil worship}."Occult" is a very catch-all term.It seems to have been used for everything from the Necronomicon to Shirley McClaine.{Have you ever looked in the "occult section"of your local bookstore?"} I"d really be interested in seeing more conversation on these subjects. Subject: occult Well, Melisande beat me to it - I too felt that jezebel had magic and the occult confused. The occult concerns those forces/phenomena not explained by science (if/when they are explained they won't be "hidden" anymore, right?). Magic is the ritual manipulation or use of these forces. Psi is a group of related forces (which may or may not be used in a magical sense). Religion is not necessarily associated with any of the above. HOWEVER, belief in "supernatural" forces is just that, *belief*, and if you believe that when you practice magic, you affect people/the world about you, then you are accepting belief in these "supernatural" forces. I feel that this belief presupposes a "religion" of sorts. I.e. if you hold an unfounded belief (not supported by science) then you have "faith" and "faith" begets "religion". So, can there be such a thing as an atheistic witch? Go ahead, blast away. This was intended to provoke some comment! All of the above represent my own opinions which are subject to change without notice. 681 Subject: inspection There is a world of difference between a little inspection and outright dissection. It seems to me that people must have "proof" in order for something to be considered valid. That is the point that I am trying to get across. Education is a good tool for showing people every side of an issue. But if their faith (not some half-baked preacher) tells them that something is wrong or right that also is valid. The issue is freedom of choice (sound familiar??) Although this person may feel one way, he/she has no right to impose that on another person. The country that we live in is based on the separation of church and state. Period. Is a person truly believes that witches are evil and after been presented with our point of view still believes this that is his right. But that person does not have the right to take the freedom from another person I guess that what i am trying to say in a long-winded fashion is TOLERANCE is needed on both parties. Why can't we live and let live as long as there is no harm being done. Subject: 'occult' -- religion vs prayer vs magick I, and several other posters, have thus far been playing in the shallows of this interest area; I'm not the only one who's been avoiding the deeper issues here set afloat. I understand the relevance of getting the basics out in the open, where we may discuss them; I admire honest curiosity; and I respect most sincerely the desire to understand each other's points of view. So: All right, Melisande! I'll swim out to meet your questions trusting to some of that faith in Providence that I'll not stray too far off the course of logic nor yet be caught by the undertow of over-reaction. But help me out if I start to stray *too* far from solid ground, hey? jrohr is quite right in pointing out that language is a powerful tool. It can be a powerful nuisance also, at times. I doubt that any two or three of us share precisely the same definitions -- both in denotation and connotation -- for any randomly chosen set of words. That is in the nature of human thought, and thus of human language; and I think it is no bad thing, in itself. I would find it very boring to see the world always through the same eyes as everyone else, with no more sudden surprises nor the delicious strangeness of another's way of seeing. I've always preferred predictability in moderate doses only. Generally our definitions have enough common ground that we can communicate well enough; when we fail to quite understand what is meant, we certainly ought to ask! And indeed we have some slippery terms before us -- religion, magick, prayer. I've thought on my own meanings for these, and reached somewhat of the premises and beliefs underlying them. I do feel them to be separate and different things. Sam, your input regarding faith, belief in the irreproducible and unprovable, strikes a very loud chord. And by my definition, to be 'religiously' scientific is to accept the results and some of the method of science on faith -- as those who believe that psi cannot exist 'scientifically', considering not the difficulties of proving a negative hypothesis. But to me faith is a necessary but NOT sufficient condition; I've put off entering this discussion largely because the other half of my understanding of religion is difficult to articulate. To me, religion must have also an element of worship, of appreciation or love for the object of that faith, removed from all expectations of gain or profit. Prayer can be an act of worship -- but "Oh Deity or Deities, in your infinite wisdom and grace and general wonderfulness, could you possibly assist your humble servant?" is not in that category, while "Hey, nice universe you got here, God(ess)(es), really awesome work, like wow" is. 682 Prayer to me is essentially an attempt to communicate with the object of faith and worship. (By the bye, I'm sorry if 'object of etcetera' is beginning to wear on you all, but I do believe that the object of worship and subject of religion may take any number of forms for any number of people.) Prayer can attempt to communicate only faith or worship, or it can attempt to communicate a desire or request. But as a purely communicative, not an active, phenomenon, prayer cannot guarantee results, nor promise miracles. If there really are a bunch of Christian pro-lifers out there praying for the death of a pro-choice judge (I read that somewhere, but I've no idea if it's a real-world example), they may be disappointed if s/he doesn't die off soon, but it is an outcome they are prepared to accept. Magick, on the other hand, is an attempt to DO something. A properly structured spell performed under the right conditions is expected to have certain results. Granted that there's more art than science to it, it has still that element of expected repeatability, and of action. Magick may certainly have a place in religion, and it may play an important role. For example, when a clergymember of a faith that takes the literal view of the sacrament of the eucharist performs that rite, he or she is indeed performing a magickal act. I'll grant you freely that I have my doubts about the cookies and grape juice really truly transubstantiating themselves into flesh and blood, and frankly I'd not care to partake if I did believe it. (Just squeamish, I suppose!). But that's not the issue. The issue is that it is real to the person doing this, and that he (or she) expects it to happen -- nay, KNOWS that it will happen, if the thing is done correctly. The rationale for this expectability can vary -- to said clergymember, it's a matter of right, and a promise made, and a covenant agreed to. All perfectly reasonable reasons to expect it to work, in the framework of that belief. It can just as well be rooted in a belief that the operator is exercising some natural ability, just as s/he might push a car or dial a telephone on a more mundane level -- although in the latter case, the magick need not be part of a religion. (By this definition, psi may be treated as magick -- my apologies to any parapsychologists out there, in advance!) It could be derived, to the practitioner, from a bargain or from some aspect of the laws of the universe that allows him/her to coerce a power to act. I follow beliefs that do somewhat concern me regarding the source of the expectability in magick; but we should perhaps discuss that separately, if anyone wishes to, after we have agreed on definitions of terms. The current point, for me, is that the rationale behind it doesn't make it magick; it's the presence of that rationale, whatever it is, combined with the fact that the operator expects results. Now, then. Here are my definitions, and several of my precepts, as best I understand them. What do the rest of you think concerning them? Do you differ on some points? Which ones, and why, and precisely how? Do you feel that I've missed something? And again, where, in what manner, and why? Do you found your definitions from other lines of thought entirely? Once more, what are those lines of thought, exactly how do they treat the subjects to hand, and why do you feel that way about it? 683 Whether you agree or disagree, I would like to read of it. I would like to know if we are stymied by essentially different views on how the world works, or merely each by our own assumptions of what the other means. If any feel threatened by this invitation to investigate further, my apologies: I intend none, nor do I perceive any in this request (or Melisande's, or Sam's). The one who does not care to examine his beliefs is trapped is as narrow a world as he who declines to dream of anything intuitive and irreproducible in his philosophy: a world view that can't stand to be looked at once in a while makes a very poor window indeed to view the world through! Some of you have said you are active in Wicca or the craft; I'm curious to know if you were raised in the craft? If not, what belief system did you grow up in? Didn't you look at those beliefs, new and old both, before you chose your path? Don't be afraid to continue thinking, then, and to continue to examine what you believe and why. Subject: witchcraft I really must stick to my statement that a spell is very much like a prayer. The diffusion of stems from magick bringing about a altered state of consciousness. I would not say that they are identical. Each form fits the needs of the population that uses it. There are some who say that science is a religion..If I could answer why people need that facet in their life i would win the Nobel...I can answer only for myself. Why must we dissect things in order to understand them?? I have seen more things torn apart because of human fear. Why can't we as Starhawk says "dare to dream the dark" Living in such a technological and hard scientific world (as I sit a terminal ) i find some solace in that there are things that man can not define to his(or her) satisfaction. Thus perhaps the basis for the place of religion. 684 Magick Vs. Prayer One of the questions brought up on MagickNet was the difference between Magick and prayer, and how this ties into the scheme of things in general. Well, I feel that prayer and magick are only loosely connected. In prayer, a person pleas with their deity for assistance. Energy wise, the person praying is asking that something be changed, and believes that the request will result in a change. In magick, we use ourinner energy, combined with earthly andelemental energy and Deity energy, and send this forth do accomplish the goal of our spell. I think it's like "breaking" in the game of pool. We are controlling stick (our spell), while we gather the energy to push the stick/spell. Our Cone Of Power is like the cue ball, and the racked balls are the target, which effects a change (breaks, or the goal of our spell) from the force of our energy. There may be a point where prayer becomes a type of magick (or, a psychic event) if the person knows of the personal energies involved, and releases them with the prayer. I feel that aprayer works the opposite way. The prayer is arequest to effect a change in the ambient energy and invoke God (using the Christian form). This change in energy is slower because it is "diluted" in the surrounding energy and depends solely on faith ("I believe it will happen, so it will"). Am I out in left field or just being redundant? I forgive if I'm "running at the mouth". Now I'll try and tie in Parapsychology. Magic and psi are very closely related in that (aside for leaving out the 'k' in magicK) the same form of energy is used. It's just on a different 'frequency'. When I do an object reading or empathic reading on someone/thing, I'm receiving a type of energy. When I send a Cone of Power, I'm using the same type of energy, but on a (higher?) wavelength and with greater force and higher power. Grounding negative feelings is an example of converting one form to the other. Auric healing is the opposite. So, I feel the energies are inter-changeable. I ask, as Elsbeth has, "What do you think of THIS?" As someone stated before, the definitions we are trying to define and clarify are our own, much like our beliefs- our own. We are trying to find, I believe, common ground between the nuances of our definitions and beliefs. Blessed Be! Salgamma 685 The Sacrificial God man Ammond Shadowcraft How did the Christian mythos arise? Where did it come from? The Christian myth is almost totally Pagan in origin. I used to thinkthat anythingoutside theJudeo/Christian/Moslem BeliefSystem or worldview was Pagan. Such is not the case. Thetwomain featuresofthe CBSarethe EucharistandSacrifice of a God man. These two features were well known and well loved by Pagan mystery cults centuries before the Christian Cults integrated them into the Gospels. The Eucharist goes way back into history and is based upon the ritual consumption of the God man. Osiris, Dionysus, Attis and many others were ritually consumed. The practice dates back to prehistory when a human sacrifice was identified with the God (perhaps a Vegetative God) and was sacrificed and eaten. Over the ages human sacrifice was found detestable. Animals were then substituted and sacrificed as the ritual identifier of the God which was then followed by grain offerings, breads shaped into the form of the God, sometimes in the shapes of natural items (sun, moon, etc.). The mythos of the Jewish Christ integrated this practice into it's mysteries. There is strong reason for this. For some 200 plus years before the time recorded for Jesus the Greeks and their mystery cults invaded and changed Israel for all time. A war was instituted to diminish or wipeout theHellenizing influence. Partof theHellenizing influence was an effort to update or change the Jewish religion to something more applicable to the times. After the Maccabbees War the Hellenizing cultist were driven underground; right to the heart of the Jewish mystical culture. Hence the Greek influence upon the myth of Jesus. The sacrifice of the God man (Jesus, Attis, Adonis, Osiris) was a well known and well loved feature also. In fact it was necessary to have a willing sacrifice before a Eucharist could be performed. When the sacrifice was not willing the legs and sometimes arms of the sacrifice were broken to make it look like the sacrifice was willing (not struggling against the sacrificers). Jesus was a willing sacrifice. Images of Attis (Tammuz/Dummuzi) were nailed or impaled upon a pine tree. The Jews knew this and wrote "Cursed is he who hangs upon a tree." A goat was substituted for a boy in sacrifice to Dionysus at Potniae and a hart for a virgin at Laodicea. King Athamas had been called upon to sacrifice his first born son by the Delphic Oracle, Melenloas sacrificed two children in Egypt when stayed by contrary winds; three Persian boys were offered up at the battle of Salamis. It was only inthe time of Hadrianthat the annualhuman sacrifice toZeus was abolished at Salamis in Cyprus. The God man Jesus was hung upon a tree;he was also thelamb of God.As such the sacrificeand Eucharist of the God man Jesus is purely Pagan in origin. 686 Part of the older Pagan sacrifices was in the King sacrificing his only begotten son. Jesus was the only begotten son of the King of Israel, sacrificed to take away the sins of the world. This practice was overturned in the myth of Abraham and Issac when it was found detestable andinjurious to thetribe or kingdom.Yet the Godman Jesus wassacrificed in the flesh.This was done to appealto the underground Greek mystery cults who had much in common with the Jewish Christian Cultist. "During centuries of this evolution, the Jewish people tasted many times thebitterness ofdespair and theprofound doubt denouncedby the last of the prophets. In periods when many went openly over to Hellenism, it could not be but the ancient rites of the Semitic race were revived, as some are declared to have been in earlier times oftrouble. Among therites of expiationand propitiation, nonestood traditionally higher than the sacrifice of the king, or the king's son. The Jews saw such an act performed for them, as it were, when the Romans under Anthony, at Herod's wish, scourged, crucified [lit. bound to stake], and beheaded Antigonous, the last of the Asmonean priest kings in 37 B.C." _Pagan_Christs_ page 44,45 by J. M. Robertson ThemodeofsacrificewaspredeterminedbypreviousPagan doctrine. The type of sacrifice was also predetermined by Pagan doctrine. Both the sacrifice of the king, and the king's son were incorporated into the Gospel myth.The God man Jesusis both the Kingof the Jews andthe son of God, the king of Israel. As stated before the sacrifice of the king or king's son was found injurious to the state. Before animal and grain sacrifices, criminals and prisoners of war were substituted. Yet the criminal had to be identified with the king. This was done by putting royal robes on the sacrifice and parading the sacrifice around, calling it the king. "The number three was of mystic significance in many parts of the East. The Dravidians of India sacrificed three victims to the Sun-god. Inwestern as ineastern Asia, thenumber three wouldhave its votaries in respect of trinitartian concepts as well as the primary notions of 'the heavens,the earth,and theunderworld.' Traditionally,the Syrian rite called for a royal victim. The substitution of a criminal for the king or kings son was repugnant, however, to the higher doctrine that thevictim be unblemished.To solve thisproblem oneof the malefactors was distinguished fromthe other criminalsby a ritual ofmock-crowning and robing in the spirit of 'sympathetic magic'. By parading him as king, and calling the others what indeed they were, it was possible to attain the semblance of a truly august sacrifice." _Pagan_Christs_, by J.M. Robertson page 45 There is nothing in this mythos that did not originate in other cultures. "We can only conclude that the death ritual of the Christian creed was framed in a pagan environment and embodies some of the most widespread ideas of Pagan religion. the two aspects in which the historic Christ is typically presented to his worshipers, those of his infancy and death, are typically Pagan." _Pagan_Christs_ by J.M Roberts, page 52. What about the man Jesus then? Was he divine? Did he exist? Is/was 687 he the Savior? Most, if not all, of the Christian Belief System is Pagan in origin. It is indeed hard to force oneself to believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Messiah, the Son of God when such titles were readily copied from Pagan doctrine. Perhaps the only item not borrowed from Pagan sources was the Messiah concept. That, of course, was taken from the Jewish hysteria of the time. In the siege of Jerusalem in 72 C.E. there were some18 Messiahs insideJerusalem alone. Neitherthe Godman Jesus nor the self proclaimed militant messiahs saved Jerusalem. Such was the measure of hysterical superstition upon the nation of Israel. "There is not a conception associated with Christ that is not common to some or all of the Savior cults of antiquity. The title Savior was given in Judaism to Yahweh; among the Greeks to Zeus, Heilos, Artemis, Dionysus, Hercales, the Dioscurui, Ceybele and Aesculapius. It is the essential conception of Osiris. So, too, Osiris taketh away sin, is the judge of the dead and of the last judgment. Dionysus, the Lord of the UnderWorld and primarily a god of feasting ('the Son of Man commeth eating and drinking'), comes to be conceived as the Soul of the World and the inspirer of chastity and self purification.[J. M. Robertson maybe referring toAttis here.] From the Mysteries of Dionysus and Isis comes the proclamation of the easy 'yoke'. Christ not only works the Dionysiac miracle, but calls himself the 'true vine.'" "Like Christ, and like Adonis and Attis, Osiris and Dionysus also suffer and die and rise again. To become one with them is the mystical passion of their worshippers. They are all alike in that their mysteries give immortality. From Mithraism Christ takes the symbolic keys of heaven and hell and assumes the function of the virgin-born Saoshyant, the destroyer of the Evil One. Like Mithra, Merodach, and the Egyptian Khousu, he is the Mediator; like Khousu, Horus and Merodach, he is one of a trinity, like Horus he is grouped with a Divine Mother;like Khousu heis joined tothe Logos; andlike Merodach he is associated with the Holy Spirit, one of whose symbols is fire." "In fundamentals, therefore, Christism is but paganism reshaped. It is only the economic and doctrinal evolution of the system--the first determined byJewish practice andRoman environment, the secondby Greek thought--that constitutesnew phenomena in religious history." _Pagan__Christs_ by J.M. Robertson pages 52,53 No religion develops in a vacuum. All religions are influenced not only by it's predecessors but by the contemporaries of the time also. Such is the nature of Christism yesterday and today. Now about Jesus the man, did he exist? I think not. All the teaching of Jesus can be attributed to other sources and grafted over the Gospel myth. Nothing he said was substantially different in any way from previous sayings. Jesus was not a man but a contrived myth. 688 "The Christian myth grew by absorbing details from pagan cults. The birth story is similar to many nativity myths in the pagan world. The Christ had to have a Virgin for a mother. Like the image of the child-godin the cultof Dionysus, hewas pictured inswaddling clothes in a basket manger. He was born in a stable like Horus--the stable temple of the Virgin Goddess, Isis, Queen of Heaven. Again , like Dionysus, he turned water into wine, like Aesculapius, he raised men from the dead and gave sight to the blind; and like Attis and Adonis, he is mourned and rejoiced over by women. His resurrection took place, like that of Mithra, from a rock tomb." The man Jesus did not exist. There are however sources that speak of others seeing him. These were secondhand sources. No direct observations were made. Atone time oranother we haveall had avision of Deity in our minds. Such is the sight of Jesus, a mental image. What of the Gospels then? They are passion plays designed to be read or acted out in front of an audience. Passion plays were a common feature of pagan religion. Looking at the Gospels themselves one finds a choppilywritten, scene byscene, display of thelife of theGod man. Only the important aspects of his life are described. The minor events and influences of the life of Jesus are not recorded, which leaves one to think that the Gospels are indeed a play. "When we turn from the reputed teaching of Jesus to the story of his career, the presumption is that it has a factual basis is so slenderas to benegligible. The Churchfound it sodifficult to settle the date ofits alleged founder's birththat the Christian erawas made to begin someyears before the year which chronologistslatter inferred on the strength of other documents. The nativity was placed at the winter solstice, thus coinciding with the birthday of the Sun-god. And the date for the crucifixion was made to vary from year to year to conform to the astronomical principle which fixed the Jewish Passover. [The Passover is moon based, an already familiar pagan method of cyclic, monthly dating.]In between thebirth anddeath of Jesus,there is analmost total absence ofinformation except about thebrief period of his ministry. Of his life between the ages of twelve and thirty we know nothing. There are not even any myths. It is impossible to establish with any accuracy the duration of the ministry from the Gospels. According to the tradition it lasted one year, which suggests that it was either based on the formula 'the acceptable year of the Lord', or on the myth of the Sun-god." _Pagan_Christs_ by J.M. Robertson, page 68 689 HERMETIC SOCIETY OF THE GOLDEN DAWN RA HORAKHTY TEMPLE The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, a magical order which began in England in 1888, was the most famous and influential of the modern era. It successfully integrated various branches of the Western Mystery Tradition into a workable system of enlightenment. Its goal was to help each member to "become more than human", to contact and live under the guidance of the higher self. Some of the areas of study included ritual magic, tarot, Egyptian god-forms, Enochian magic, Kabala, and Astrology. Among the original Golden Dawn members were MacGregor Mathers, W.B.Yates, Aleister Crowley, A.E.Waite, Dion Fortune, Dr. R.W. Felkin, Arthur Machen, Paul Foster Case, and Dr. Israel Regardie. Regardie, who died in 1985, was the last great representative of the original Order. To achieve this attainment the Golden Dawn brought the aspirant through a calculated series of techniques, experiences or mental exercises. These exercises brought about progressively higher states of consciousness. Initiation occurs when a person passes into a higher state of consciousness. As Israel Regardie said, "Initiation is the preparation for immortality. Man is only potentially immortal. Immortality is acquired when the purely human part of himself becomes allied to that spiritual essence which was never created, was never born, and shall never die. It is to effect this spiritual bond with the highest that the Golden Dawn owes its ritual and practical magical work. The Ra Horakhty Temple of California was chartered in 1985 by Patrick and Chris Zalewski, 7=4 Adepts and co-chiefs of the Thoth Hermes Temple of New Zealand. The following chart describes the succession back to Mathers' original Golden Dawn temple in England. ISIS URANIA:MacGregor Mathers,England,1888 | | STELLA MATUTINA:Dr.R.W.Felkin,England,1900 | | WHARE RA:Dr. Felkin,New Zealand,1912-1978 | | THOTH HERMES:Patrick Zalewski,New Zealand,1980-Present | | RA HORAKHTY:Laura Jennings/Peter Yorke,Santa Monica,California 1985 Our temple is greatly honored to be working directly with Thoth Hermes Temple as a conduit for the passage of material from the New Zealand temples and from the Stella Matutina. Together we hope to bring both the Outer and Inner Order information to people throughout the world by teaching and publication. 690 TEMPLE DUES: $200.00 annually TEMPLE INITIATION: $50.00 TEMPLE MEMBERSHIP includes: Temple ritual once a month. Neophyte and Elemental Grade Curriculums with guidance and direction Attendance at Temple business meetings and other Temple events. Initiation:Neophyte, Elemental Grades, and Inner Order work. Tests for each level. Temple Membership for students outside the L.A area includes: Temple initiations in L.A. upon completion of required Grade work. Attendance at monthly Temple meetings when in the L.A. area. Neophyte and Elemental Grade curriculum with guidance and direction by correspondence. The same test requirements as local members;written,oral and performance of ritual. Laura Jennings, co-Temple Chief of the Ra Horakhty Temple, has been practicing and teaching metaphysics for the past 20 years. She received an anthropology degree from UCLA(1975) and is presently working to complete a Ph.D in archeology. For the past 10 years her efforts have concentrated on the Golden Dawn System of Magic. Under Dr.Regardie's direction she was a co-founder of two Golden Dawn Temples in Southern California. Her book on the creation and administration of GD temples will be published next year. Peter Yorke, co-founder of both Temples,was also a student of Israel Regardie. He has a degree in botany from Cal State Long Beach. He is presently co-Chief of the Ra Horakhty Temple and director of alchemical studies and research. David Stoelk, administrator director of the Outer Order curriculum for the society, received his Bachelor of Arts in history and architecture from ISU. He is in charge of a magical newsletter which promotes GD studies and networking. FOR FURTHER INFO. WRITE Laura Jennings c/o Hermetic Society of the Golden Dawn PO Box 5461 Santa Monica CA 90405 691 THE GOLDEN DAWN CORRESPONDENCE COURSE (OUTER ORDER) The purpose of The Golden Dawn Temple and Society is to elevate the knowledge of the student through The Golden Dawn Correspondence Course as offered by the Inner Order of the New Zealand Order of the Smaragdum Thalasses (Thoth-Hermes Temple). The plan is simple and straightforward. Students desiring to become initiated may complete the Correspondence Course, supplementing their work with the already available materials. Having successfully completed the course, they may apply for initiation to the grade of 5=6. Prior to the 5=6 Grade, Outer Order Grades based on completed course work and examinations will be awarded. M E M B E R S H I P A minimum annual donation of $14.00 is requested for membership in the Golden Dawn Temple and Society. This provides you with a membership identification and Probationer certificate from the Society. After you have received your identification we require that you use your I.D. number in all future correspondence. Any additional donation funds is greatly appreciated. Your annual donation entitles you to a 20% discount on all Falcon Press books and tapes, and on occasion, other featured material. Additionally, a net-working service of other individuals or groups in your area (if available) will be provided upon request among participating individuals. No addresses will be released without permission. T H E C O U R S E The Correspondence Course consists of 180 lessons and is provided in groups of 2-10 lessons depending on their size. Lessons will be sent on the average every 4-6 weeks. The course is broken down into four, 9 group segments plus one four group period. After each 9 group segment you may request examination for the appropriate certification. Examinations will be given in the form of essay. Upon completion of your examination, you are requested to return it along with a certification fee of $32.00. If the work is satisfactory, you will be awarded the appropriate grade certificate. If unsatisfactory, your fee will be refunded and you will be instructed as to what areas of study require more attention. We currently offer certification for the following Grades: Probationer 0=0, Neophyte 1=10, Zelator 2=9, Practicus 3=8, Philosophus 4=7, and Adeptus Minor 5=6. For the Grade 5=6 there is an additional period of study and review, after which you may petition for a final examination. In achieving this grade, you will be awarded 5=6 certification and become eligible for the Inner Order Correspondence Course. 692 F E E S Four methods of payment are available for The Golden Dawn Correspondence Course. Please make check or money order payable to: The Golden Dawn Temple and Society. (A) $27.50 per group. (B) $150.00 prepayment for 6 groups. (C) $265.00 prepayment for 12 groups. (D) $695.00 prepayment for entire course. O U T L I N E O F C O U R S E 0. Introductory lecture 1. Hebrew Alphabet 2. Hebrew Calligraphy 3. Introduction to the Kabbalah 4. Gematria 5. Notariqon 6. Temura 7. Three Veils of Negative Existence The Banishing Ritual of the Pentagram YHVH - The Formula of Tetragrammaton 8. The Four Worlds 9. Kether - The Crown 10. Chokmah - Wisdom 11. Binah - Understanding 12. Chesed - Mercy 13. Geburah - Strength/Severity 14. Tipareth - Beauty 15. Netzach - Victory 16. Hod - Splendor/Glory 17. Yesod - Foundation 18. Malkuth - Kingdom 19. Middle Pillar (Tape) 20. The Eleventh Path 21. The Twelfth Path 22. The Thirteenth Path 23. The Fourteenth Path 24. The Fifteenth Path 25. The Sixteenth Path 26. The Seventeenth Path 27. The Eighteenth Path 28. The Nineteenth Path 29. The Twentieth Path 30. The Twenty-First Path 31. The Twenty-Second Path 32. The Twenty-Third Path 33. The Twenty-Fourth Path 34. The Twenty-Fifth Path 35. The Twenty-Sixth Path 36. The Twenty-Seventh path 37. The Twenty-Eight Path 38. The Twenty-Ninth Path 39. The Thirtieth Path 40. The Thirty-First Path 41. The Thirty-Second Path 693 42. The Four Color Scales 43. An Introduction To Alchemical Theory 44. Sceptre of Power (Book) 45. Energy, Prayer and Relaxation (Book & Tape) 46. Awareness (Tape) 47 - 50. Geomantic Divination 51. Introduction to The Tarot 52 - 130. Individual Tarot Cards 131. Divination 132. Tarot and Alchemy 133. Tree of Life Projected on the World 134. Convoluted Forces 135. Tattvas - Introduction 136. Glossary 137. Tattvas - Influence 138. Tattvas - Evolution 139. Tattvas - Mutual relation of Tattva and Principles 140. Tattvas - Prana 141. Tattvas - Mind 142. Tattvas - Cosmic Picture Gallery 143. Tattvas - Manifestation of Psychic Force 144. Tattvas - Yoga the Soul 145. Tattvas - Spirit 146. Tattvas - Science of Breath 147. Astrology Introduction 148. Astrology 1 (GD) 149. Astrology 2 (GD) 150. Astrology - Natal Calculation 151. Astrology - Planetary Hours 152. Astrology - Electional 153. Astrology - Horary 154. Astrology - Progressions and Transits 155. Astrology and Ceremonial Magic 156. Talismans 157. Voice in Magic 158 - 170. Shemhamephoresch - All 12 Zodiacs covered. 171. Full Ritual of The Pentagram 172. Full Ritual of The Hexagram 173. Pillars - Symbology and how to make 174. Banners and Altars - Symbology and how to make 175. Swords - Symbology and how to make 176. Lotus Wand - Symbology and how to make 177. Fire Wand - Symbology and how to make 178. Cup - Symbology and how to make 179. Dagger - Symbology and how to make 180. Pentacle - Symbology and how to make __________________________________________________________________________ 694 A Shared Vision by D. M. DeBacker June 23, 1988 11:36 PM Gnosticism is a religious/philosophical tradition that began sometime in the last century before the present era1. The word "tradition" should be stressed because one of the tenets of Gnosticism is that of a general disdain for authority or orthodoxy. The Gnostics adhered to a belief in strict equality among the members of the sect; going so far as to chose the role of priest by drawing lots among the participates at gnostic gatherings2. They also stressed direct revelation through dreams and visions and an individual interpretation of the revelations of fellow Gnostics and sacred scriptures. The Greek word gnosis (from which we have "Gnosticism") and the Sanskrit bodhi (from which we have "Buddhism") have exactly 1 see J.M. Robinson, Introduction, in The Nag Hammadi Library (New York, 1977); hereafter cited as NHL, for a general discussion of the origins of Gnosticism. 2 Pagels, Elaine; The Gnostic Gospels;(New York, 1979); p 49 1 695 the same meaning. Both gnosis and bodhi refers to a knowledge that transcends the knowledge that is acquired through means of empirical reasoning or rational thought; it is intuitive knowledge derived from internal sources. To the Gnostic this knowledge is necessary for salvation3. "I say, You are gods!" -John 10:34 The Gnostic sects were essentially eschatological; concerned with salvation, with transcendence from the world of error (as opposed to sin) towards a knowledge of the Living God, who is knowable only through revelationary experience. The object of gnosis is God- into which the soul is transformed monistcally. This notion of assimilation into a divine essence is known in Gnostic Circles as "immanentizing the Eschaton"4. "Christ redeemed us from the Curse of the Law." -Gal.3:13 3 Barnstone, Willis, ed.; The Other Bible; (San Francisco, 1984); p 42 4 Wilson, Robert A.; The Illuminati Papers; (Berkely, 1980); p 46 2 696 The Gnostic defiance towards authority took on many levels. They developed an elaborate cosmogony, in defiant opposition to traditional Jewish and Christian beliefs. For the Jew and Christian, it was a good, though authoritarian, god that created Adam and Eve. It was through their own sin that they fell into corruption. Yet for the Gnostic, the creator was not good at all, rather he became known to the Gnostics as the Demiurge1, a secondary god below Sophia, Mother Wisdom, and the unknown God- who-is-above-all-else.2 To the Gnostics, the Demiurge- who is also known as Ialdabaoth, Sabaoth, and Saclas- acted in error when he created the material universe and mistakenly thought of himself as the only god. In Gnostic literature, Adam and Eve are seen as heroic figures in their disobedience; aided by the serpent, who gave them knowledge and who will later return in some sects as Jesus, to redeem humanity by teaching disobedience to the curse of the laws of Yahweh the Creator3. 1 Greek for "craftsman", much like the Masonic "Architect of the Universe". From Plato's Timaeus. 2 I have come up with Greek term "Theoseulogetes" to describe "God-who-is-above-all-else" which I found in Paul's Epistle to the Romans (9:5), but I hesitate to make use of it because I am not sure how it should be pronounced. 3 Hypostasis of the Archons 89:32-91:3 (NHL p. 155) 3 697 Many writers when discussing Gnosticism approach the subject with a scholarly morbidity. They tend to look upon the Gnostics as a cult of dreadful ascetics who shunned the world of error and delusion. Yet as a neo-gnostic, I can not help but see a gnostic world-view as that of looking upon the universe not as some sinister mistake, but more as a complex and complicated cosmic joke. When one first begins reading the Gnostic literature contained in the pages of the Nag Hammadi Library (cf. note p. 1), one is tempted to filter the language and the symbols of Gnosticism through a mindset of `hellfire' fright conjured by images brought from the Book of Revelations or Daniel. The key to reading the NHL is not to be frightened or distressed by some of the images, but to realize that the tractates of the NHL were collected as consciousness raising tools. To the Gnostic, the pages of NHL are not to be meant to be taken as the authoritative, apostolic writings of the Christian bible or the prophetic and patristic writings of the Jewish bible, but rather as visions shared with fellow Gnostics. The following discourse is meant to be just that- a Gnostic sharing his vision. 4 698 "When the Elohim began to create..." - Gen 1:1 As all religious thought has as its ultimate aim the thought of God, it is best that I begin my "vision" by imparting my perception of God. To me, God is indescribable, inscrutable, and ultimately "nonexistent". Any attempt at describing God invokes, what a friend termed, the "great syntax catastrophe"2. It is wrong, I believe, even to use the pronouns he or she when speaking of God; and it seems better to speak of what God is "not" rather than to speakof whatGod"is".Toparaphrase theChinesephilosopher, Lao Tse "The god that can be named is not the God"3. It is best not to even attempt a description of God, but to think of God as inscrutable by definition: that which cannot be 1 For a discussion on this translation of the opening verses of Genesis cf. Asimov, Issac; Asimov's Guide to the Bible; Vol. II; (NY, 1968); pp 16-17 2 A friend tells me that he picked up this term from an evangelical Christian in Georgia. 3 "The Tao that can be trodden is not the enduring and unchanging Tao. The name that can be named is not the enduring and unchanging name." Lao-Tse; Tao teh Ching (I,1)- trans. by James Legge 5 699 easily understood, completely obscure, mysterious, unfathomable, and enigmatic; the "Mystery of the Ages"1. Many Gnostics speak of God as being "non-existent"; not in the atheistic sense, but in the sense that God does not exist in the same sense as you or I or anything else in the Universe exists. In some Gnostic writings God is referredto as the "unbegotten one"2. As a Gnostic Christian, one who emphasizes the salvic influence of gnosis (knowledge) over the influence of pistis (faith), it is not enough for me merely to believe that God exists; I must know that God exists. In his epistle to the Galatians, Paul tells us that ignorance of God is a form of bondage3; and in his epistle to the Colossians, he tell us that man's purpose is to "be filled with the knowledge of [God's] will in all spiritual wisdom and understanding,.. and increasing in (gnosis) knowledge of God"4. Many Christian sects teach that "faith" is an unquestioning belief that does not require proof or evidence. To understand 1 Col 1:26 2 Tripartite Tractate; 51.24-52.6; (NHL p. 55) 3 Gal. 4:8-9 4 Col. 1:9-10 6 700 "faith" properly it requires knowing that belief and opinion are not one and the same. A mere opinion is something that is asserted or accepted without any basis at all in evidence or reason1. Whereas, to believe in something is to exercise one's faith or trust in something. Faith then could be said to be "trust"; and `faith in God' is, therefore, the same as `trust in God'. The basis of any degree of trust must be a certain degree of knowledge concerning a given object or situation. The more knowledge one has concerning, say, a person, determines the amount of trust allowed that person. For example, if you know a person to be completely unreliable, youthen have very little faith inthat person. Conversely,You havea greatdeal of faith that person is not to be trusted. If you know that a person is highly reliable, you then have built up a degree of trust in that person based on your knowledge of him. Therefore, knowledge of God must parallel faith in God. Yet how can God be known when we are not even sure that he exists? If we say that God is essentially `unknowable and can only be spoken of in terms of what God is not, then how can we come to have any knowledge of God? 1 See Adler, Mortimer J.; Ten Philosophical Mistakes; chap. 4; (New York, 1985); for a detailed discussion of knowledge and opinion. 7