BeyondWeird home
Esoteric and Occult  Legends and Sagas  Shamanism  Classical Paganism  Tarot  Sacred Sexuality
Legends & Sagas  Paganism  Egypt  Ancient Near East

Temple of Posiedon at Sounioun, (c) J.B. Hare 2002 The Classics

Greek Texts   Roman Texts
  General Books
About the Photos...

This section contains texts from ancient Greece and Rome, primarily about Classical Pagan beliefs. However, any text which has survived from this period of antiquity is, by definition, a classic. Many of these texts were only saved from the flames of the dark ages in locations remote from Rome and Athens, such as the legendary city of Timbuktu in central Africa, Irish monastaries, and by Islamic scholars in centers of learning as Baghdad.


Works of Homer:
The Iliad of Homer, Samuel Butler translator [1898]
The Odyssey of Homer, Samuel Butler translator [1900]
The Homeric Hymn to Demeter
The Iliad and Odyssey of Homer in Greek

Works of Hesiod:
Hesiod's Theogony
Works and Days

The Hymns of Orpheus, by Thomas Taylor [1792]

The Poems of Sappho English and Transliterated Greek
The Poems of Sappho (Unicode) English and Greek
The Songs of Bilitis by Pierre Louÿs, tr. by Alvah C. Bessie [1926]
A famous hoax, which has had a huge impact on our modern perception of Sappho.

The History of Herodotus parallel English/Greek
English tr. by G. C. Macaulay [1890]
The epochal conflict between the Greeks and Persians, by 'the Father of History.'

The Fables of Aesop

The Argonautica parallel English/Greek.
English tr. by R.C. Seaton [1912]
The primary text for the story of Jason, the Argonauts, and the quest for the Golden Fleece.

The Dramas of Aeschylus

The Works of Aristotle

The Dramas of Sophocles

The Dramas of Euripides

The Dialogues of Plato

The Golden Verses of Pythagoras, by Florence M. Firth [1902]


Works of Virgil:
The Aeneid English and Latin
The Eclogues J.W. MacKail tr. [1934]. English and Latin
The Georgics J.W. MacKail tr. [1934]. English and Latin

The Golden Asse By Apuleius.
Translated by William Adlington. [1566]

The Most Pleasant and Delectable Tale of The Marriage of Cupid and Psyche By Apuleius.
Translated by William Adlington. Illustrations by Dorothy Mullock [1914]

The Enneads of Plotinus

Meditations 247,149 bytes

On The Nature Of Things By Titus Lucretius Carus 447,623 bytes

Works of Ovid:
Metamorphoses English and Latin
Amores, Ars Amatoria, Remedia Amoris and Medicamina Faciei Femineae English and Latin

Gaius Petronius:
The Satyricon of Petronius

The Priapeia Translated by L.C. Smithers and Sir Richard Burton [1890] English and Latin

The Works of Tacitus parallel English and Latin text.
tr. by Alfred John Church and William Jackson Brodribb [1864-1877]
The preeminent Latin historian of the first century CE.

Two Orations of the Emperor Julian Translated by Thomas Taylor [1793]

Other Roman resources

The Royal Museum at Naples, Being Some Account of The Erotic Paintings, Bronzes, and Statues Contained in that Famous "Cabinet Secret", by Stanislas Marie César Famin [1871]
Sixty lithographs of erotic Roman art and artifacts.


Bulfinch's Mythology
Bulfinch's able retelling of the classic myths has served as an introduction to the subject for generation of readers.
The Heroes, or Greek Fairy Tales for my Children
by Charles Kingsley [1901]
A retelling of the myths of Perseus, Jason and the Argonauts, and Theseus for young adults, with lavish art-deco illustrations.

The Sibylline Oracles Translated by Milton S. Terry [1899].
The (pseudo)-Sibylline Oracles are ancient books of prophecy.

Myths of Crete and Pre-Hellenic Europe by Donald A. Mackenzie. [1917]
A survey of what is known about the civilization of ancient Crete.

The Dionysian Artificers by Hippolyto Joseph da Costa [1820].
Ancient Fragments by I. P. Cory [1832]
The Mysteries of Mithra by Franz Cumont [1903]
Learn about the religion that might have taken the place of Christianity.

The Oriental Religions in Roman Paganism by Franz Cumont [1911]
Roman paganism later incorporated a diverse set of beliefs including ecstatic near-eastern religions, a wide range of goddess cults, dualism from Persia, and astrology.

Pagan Regeneration: A Study of Mystery Initiations in the Graeco-Roman World, by Harold R. Willoughby [1929]

Taboo, Magic, Spirits: A Study of Primitive Elements in Roman Religion, By Eli Edward Burriss [1931]
The Religion of Numa And Other Essays on the Religion of Ancient Rome by Jesse Benedict Carter [1906]
An excellent history of the evolution of Roman religious ideas.

Pagan and Christian Creeds by Edward Carpenter [1922]
Carpenter explores the similaries between Christianity and ancient mystery religions, as well as the similiarities between the narrative of Christ and other solar heros.

Ancient Art and Ritual by Jane Harrison [1913]
The Mycenaean Origin of Greek Mythology by Martin P. Nilsson [1932, not renewed]
Greek Popular Religon by Martin P. Nilsson [1940, not renewed]

About the photos

I took the photographs in this section in 1971 on an Easter Week tour of Greece with a group of High School classics students from Southern California. Escorted by nuns (I was one of the only public school students in the group), our tour visited Athens, Delphi, Mycenae and Knossos. The photos were taken with a cheap Instamatic. I recently found these photos and scanned some of them to accompany this section

[View]  The photo on this page is the Temple of Poseidon at Sounion. Isadora Duncan danced there. I threw the last watch I ever owned into the sea from this promontory.
[View]  The photo on the works of Homer index page is the entrance to the Treasury of Atreus at Mycenae. A fabulous hoard of gold artifacts was found in it when it was excavated, including a gold death mask which Schliemann decided was that of Agamemnon. The interior is shaped like a beehive and has bizarre acoustics.
[View]  The photo on the Iliad index page is the arch of the Lion Gate at Mycenae; many of the key figures of the Iliad (if they actually existed) must have walked under this arch.
[View]  The photo on the Odyssey index page is a view of the Aegean which I took from the cruise ship taking us to Crete.
[View]  The photo on the Bulfinch index page is a panorama of the Acropolis.
[View] The photo on the Aesop index page is yet another view of the Acropolis.
[View] Yet another view of the Acropolis.

Another photo I haven't found a home for:

[View]  The Palace of Minos at Knossos, interior detail.

These previously unpublished images are © 2002, J.B. Hare, all rights reserved.