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Ziggurat: (c) J.B. Hare 1999 Ancient Near East


Myths and Legends of Babylonia and Assyria
by Donald A. Mackenzie [1915]
A massive survey of the religion, culture, and history of the ancient Near East.

The Religion Of Babylonia And Assyria by Theophilus G. Pinches 159,537 bytes

Legends of Babylonia and Egypt by Leonard W. King 396,030 bytes

Sumerian Mythology by Samuel Noah Kramer [1944, 1961]


The Seven Tablets of Creation by L.W. King [1902]
This is an expanded etext of the material in the Enuma Elish file, below.

The Enuma Elish (The Epic of Creation) translated by L. W. King [1902]
This is the Babylonian creation saga, one of the earliest written creation myths.

The Seven Evil Spirits translated by R. C. Thompson [1903]

The Code of Hammurabi translated by L.W. King [1915].
This is the earliest known legal code, considered the basis of many Near Eastern legal systems.


The Chaldean Account of the Deluge by George Smith [1873]
This is a historic article in which the discovery of the Babylonian Deluge account was announced. This is actually some 'backstory' from the Gilgamesh myth.

Ishtar and Izdubar {Gilgamesh} by Leonidas Le Cenci Hamilton. [1884]
This is the only complete public domain translation of the Gilgamesh saga.

Adapa and the food of Life Translated by R. W. Rogers [1912]
This is a fragment of the Gilgamesh saga.

Descent of the Goddess Ishtar into the Lower World translated by M. Jastrow [1915]
This is likewise part of the Gilgamesh saga.

The Babylonian Story of the Deluge and the Epic of Gilgamish. by E. A. Wallis Budge [1929]
This is a short pamphlet which contains the 'Deluge' portion of the Gilgamesh epic and a summary of the rest of the text.