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Information on Belgium UFOs translated from the French to English.
Original Contributor: Emmanuel Marin (email@example.com)
Title: Belgian UFOs
The 4 part article that follows is an *objective* report, though some
new insight has been afterwards brought by European ufologists. The
most of it is that the ground sightings of the gendarmes were mere
confusions with stars in a specific triangular position.
That means at least two things : mere hazard brought us with this
incredible radar reports.
- one can excluded intoxication by the Belgian Army (kind of :
inventing the interception to be able to say "we were ridiculized during
18 months but look : that's an unknown astounding flying object !!!") :
indeed, that would have mean they waited for the stars to be in such
a position and the sky clear etc.. etc.. in short : the fact that the
confusion happened means the witness at ground were genuine and one
can extend it to the witness in the air on in front on the radars.
So here it is...
The following is a report written by the secretarial staff of the
Belgian Air Force staff.
REPORT ON THE OBSERVATION OF UFOs DURING THE NIGHT OF MARCH 30-31, 1990
a. This report gives an overall view of the reports from the concerned
Air Force units and of the reports from ocular witnesses of the
gendarmerie patrols, about the unknown phenomena watched in the
air space (hereafter called UFOs), south of the axis Brussels-
Tirlemont, during the night of March 30-31,1990.
b. The observations, visual and radar, were of such a nature that the
take off of two F-16 of the 1 J Wing has been decided, in order to
identify these UFOs.
c. This report has been established by Major Lambrechts, VS/3 Ctl-Met 1.
Since the beginning of December 1989, strange phenomena have been
regularly noticed in the Belgian air space. The Air Force has at its
disposal several ocular witnesses, most of them having been informed
by the gendarmerie. The Air Force radar stations could not confirm, in
any case, up to March 30-31, these sightings, and the presence of the
UFOs could never be established by the fighters sent in that order. The
Air Force staff has been able to produce several hypotheses about the
origin of these UFOs. The presence or the testing of B-2 or F-117 A
(stealth), RPV (Remotely Piloted Vehicles), ULM (Ultra Light Motorised)
and AWACS in the Belgian air space during the facts can be excluded.
The cabinet of the MLV (Ministery of National Defense) has been informed
about these discoveries. In the meantime, the SOBEPS (Societe Belge
d'Etude des Phenomenes Spatiaux) got in touch with the MLV, in order
that the MLV backed the SOBEPS in its inquiries about this phenomenon.
This request has been accepted, and after that the Air Force has
regularly cooperated with this society.
3. Chronological summary of the events during the night of March 30-31,
Note: local time.
23 h 00: The supervisor responsible (MC) for the Glons CRC (Control
Reporting Center) receives a phone call from Mr. A. Renkin, gendarmerie
MDL, who certifies to see, from his home at Ramillies, three unusual
lights towards Thorembais-Gembloux. These lights are distinctly more
intense than stars and planets, they don't move and are located at the
apexes of an equilateral triangle. Their color is changing: red, green
23 h 05: The Glons CRC asks the Wavre gendarmerie to send a patrol at
this place in order to confirm this sighting.
23 h 10: A new call from Mr. Renkin points out a new phenomenon: three
other lights move towards the first triangle. One of these lights is
far brighter than the others. The Glons CRC observes in the meantime
an unidentified radar contact, about 5 km north of the Beauvechain
airport. The contacts moves at about 25 knots towards west.
23 h 28: A gendarmerie patrol including, among others, Captain Pinson,
is on the premises and confirms Mr. Renkin's sightings. Captain Pinson
describes the observed phenomenon as follows: the bright points have
the dimension of a big star(*); their color changes continually. The
prevailing color is red; then it changes itself in blue, green, yellow
and white, but not always in the same order. The lights are very clear,
as if they were signals: this enables to distinguish them from stars.
23 h 30 - 23 h 45: The three new lights, in the meantime, have drawn
closer to the first observed triangle. In their turn, after a series
of erratic moves, they arrange themselves also in triangular formation.
In the mean time, the Glons CRC observes the phenomenon on radar.
23 h 49 - 23 h 59: The Semmerzake TCC/RP (Traffic Center Control/
Reporting Post) confirms in its turn to have a clear radar contact at
the same position pointed out by the Glons CRC.
23 h 56: After prerequisite coordination with the SOC II, and since
all conditions are fulfilled to make the QRA take off, the Glons CRC
gives the scramble order to the 1 J Wing.
23 h 45 - 00 h 15: The bright points are still clearly observed from
ground. Their respective position does not change. The whole formation
seems to move slowly in comparison with the stars. The ocular witnesses
on ground notice that the UFOs send from time to time brief and more
intense luminous signals. In the mean time, two weaker luminous points
are observed towards Eghezee. Those, as the others, have also brief and
00 h 05: Two F-16, QRA of J Wing, AL 17 and AL 23, take off. Between
00 h 07 and 00 h 54, under control of the CRC, on the whole nine
interception attempts have been undertaken by the fighters. The planes
have had, several times, brief radar contacts on the targets designated
by the CRC. In three cases, the pilots managed to lock on the target
during a few seconds, which, each time, induced a drastic change in
the comportment of the UFOs. In no case, the pilots have had a visual
contact with the UFOs.
00 h 13: First lock on the target designated by the CRC. Position:
"on the nose" 6 NM (Nautical Miles), 9000 feet, direction: 250. The
target speed changes within minimum time from 150 to 970 knots,
altitude coming down from 9000 to 5000 feet, then up to 11000 feet,
and, shortly after, down to ground level. From this results a "break
lock" after some seconds, the pilot losing the radar contact. The
Glons radar informs, at the moment of the break lock, that the
fighters are above the target position.
+/- 00 h 19 - 00 h 30: The Semmerzake TCC as well as the Glons CRC
have lost contact with the target. From time to time a contact appears
in the region, but they are too few to have a clear track. In the
meantime, the pilots contact on VHF the radio of the civilian air
traffic, in order to coordinate their moves with the Brussels TMA.
The radio contact on UHF is maintained with the Glons CRC.
00 h 30: AL 17 has a radar contact at 5000 feet, 20 NM away Beauvechain
(Nivelles), position 255. The target moves at very high speed (740
knots). The lock on lasts during 6 seconds, and, at the break lock, the
signal of a jamming appears on the scope.
+/- 00 h 30: The ground witnesses see three times the F-16 pass along.
During the third pass, they see the planes turning in circles at the
center of the great formation initially seen. At the same time, they
notice the disappearance of the little triangle, while the brightest,
western point of the big triangle moves very fast, probably up. This
point emits intense red signals, in a repetitive way, during the
manoeuvre. The two other points of the great triangle disappear shortly
after. The clear points above Eghezee are no longer visible, and only
the western brightest point of the triangle can be observed.
00 h 32: The Glons and Semmerzake radars have a contact at 110 / 6 NM
away Beauvechain, which heads for Bierset at 7000 feet and high speed.
The registered speeds go from 478 to 690 knots. The contact is lost
above Bierset. The Maastricht radar control center has had no contact
with this UFO.
00 h 39 - 00 h 41: The Glons CRC mentions a possible contact at 10 NM
from the planes, altitude 10000 feet. The pilots have a radar contact
at 7 NM. Again is noticed an acceleration of the target from 100 to
600 knots. The lock on lasts only a few seconds, and the planes as
well as the CRC lose the contact.
00 h 47: The Beauvechain RAPCON mentions a contact on its radar, at
6500 feet altitude, position away Beauvechain: 160 / 5 NM. The Glons
CRC has also a contact on the same position. This one is observed up
to 00 h 56.
00 h 45 - 01 h 00: Some attempts are undertaken in order to intercept
the UFOs. The planes register only a few very short radar contacts.
The ground observers see the last UFO disappear towards Louvain-la-
Neuve (NNW). Around 01 h 00, the UFO has completely disappeared.
01 h 02: AL 17 and AL 23 quit the frequency of the Glons CRC and go
back to their base.
01 h 06: The Jodoigne gendarmerie mentions to the Glons CRC that has
just been observed a phenomenon like the one observed by Mr. Renkin
at 23 h 15.
01 h 10: Landing of AL 17.
01 h 16: Landing of AL 23.
01 h 18: Captain Pinson, who in the meantime has gone to the Jodoigne
gendarmerie, describes his observation as follows: four luminous white
points at the apexes of a square, the center of which is Jodoigne. The
UFO seen towards Orp-Jauche (SW of Jodoigne) is the brightest and has
a yellow-red color. The luminous points move with jerky and short moves.
+/- 01 h 30: The UFOs lose their luminosity and seem to disappear in
four distinct directions.
4. General information.
a. Meteo. The data mentioned by the Air Force Wing Meteo regarding the
concerned area and during the night of March 30-31, 1990, are the
Visibility: 8 to 15 km with clear sky. Wind at 10000 feet: 50/60
knots. A slight temperature inversion at ground, and another, as
slight, at 3000 feet. These data are confirmed in Captain Pinson's
report. He mentions also that the stars were clearly visible.
b. Because of lack of appropriate material, the ground observers could
not make any photo or film of the phenomenon.
c. The UFO observed with a telescope is described as follows: a kind
of sphere, a part of which is very luminous; a triangular shape
could also be distinguished (For a more detailed observation, see
Captain Pinson's report, in appendix H1).
a. In contradiction with other pointed out UFO sightings, for the first
time a radar contact has been positively observed, in corrrelation
with different sensors of the Air Force (CRC, TCC, RAPCON, EBBE and
F-16 radar), and this in the same area as visual observations. This
has to be explained by the fact that the March 30-31 UFOs have been
noticed at +/- 10000 feet altitude, whereas in the former cases
there was always talk of visual contacts at very low altitude.
b. The visual evidences, on which this report is partially based, come
from gendarmes in duty, whose objectivity cannot be questioned.
c. The UFOs, as soon as seen by the F-16 radar in the "Target Track"
mode (after interception), have drastically changed their parameters.
The speeds measured at that time and the altitude shifts exclude the
hypothesis according to which planes could be mistaken for the
oberved UFOs. The slow moves during the other phases differ also
from the moves of planes.
d. The fighter pilots never have had visual contact with the UFOs. This
can be explained by the changes of luminous intensity, and even the
disappearance of the UFOs, when the F-16 arrived in the neighborhood
of the place where they were observed from the ground.
e. The hypothesis according to which it was an optical illusion, a
mistake for planets, or any other meteorological phenomenon, is
in contradiction with the radar observations, especially the
10000 feet altitude and the geometrical position of the UFOs
between themselves. The geometrical formation tends to prove a
f. The first observation of the slow motion of the UFOs has been made
roughly in the same direction and with the same speed as the wind.
The direction differs by 30 degrees from the direction of the
wind (260 degrees instead of 230 degrees). The hypothesis of
sounding balloons is very improbable. The UFOs altitude during all
this phase remained 10000 feet, whereas the sounding balloons go on
higher and higher, up to burst at around 100000 feet. It is difficult
to explain the bright lights and changes of color with such balloons.
It is very improbable that balloons stay at the same altitude during
more than one hour, while keeping the same position between
themselves. In Belgium, during the radar observation, there was no
meteorological inversion in progress. The hypothesis according to
which it could be other balloons must be absolutely dismissed.
g. Though speeds greater than the sound barrier have been measured
several times, not any bang has been noticed. Here also, no
explanation can be given.
h. Though the different ground witnesses have effectively pointed out
eight points in the sky, the radars have registered only one contact
at the same time. The points have been seen at a distance one from
another sufficient for them to be distinguished by the radars also.
No plausible explanation can be put forward.
i. The hypothesis of air phenomena resulting from projection of
holograms(*) must be excluded too: the laser projectors should have
been normally observed by the pilots on flight. Moreover, the
hologram cannot be detected by radar, and a laser projection can be
seen only if there is a screen, like clouds for example. Here, the
sky was clear, and there was no significant temperature inversion.
(end of report)
This is the transcript of the exchanges between the pilots and the
ground controller during the interception of "UFOs" over Belgium,
night 30-31 March 1990 (TIME is GMT).
30/03/90 QRA(I) SCRAMBLE
TIME C P ITEMS TAD 465
2207 C Loud & clear how me
P Reading you 5, flight level 90
C Task VID check armament safe
C For your info, contact at your bearing 310 range is 15
P 310, 15, and confirm it's still on FL 90
220730 P Bravo reading you 5
C Bravo 5 as well. No
C No height on the contact for the moment
P Both levelling off FL 90
C Roger and both starboard 310
P OK, SB 310
C Last altitude on the contact is FL 210
C Keep on turning, roll out 320
2208 C 320, 17 miles. And for the moment maximum level 10000ft
P Steady 320
C Roger 330, 5 to 10 right range is 15
Possible altitude 10000ft
P Steady at 10000. No contact
2209 C Contact 330 range 10. 11000ft
P Steady 330
C 330. 5 right range is 9
P No contact keep on taking
C 345 range 7. Reduce speed. Slow moving
P Roger, slow moving
C Still at 10000ft. Bearing 345 range 5
P Confirm altitude
2210 C Last altitude 10000ft. Check 10 left range is 3.
Left side 2 miles. No altitude. Passing overhead
P No contact
C Just below you
P Say again
C Just below you now. Both vector 090.Contact is 090 range 2
When steady check 090 range 3. Slow moving.
Inside turn 4 Nm, 060, 3.
P One blinking light just in front of you, do you see it,
just below you. An orange one.
C Range is 3, 060, 3.
P ... heading 180. Roger reversing 180
You have contact on me MEEL. Roger contact on you.
If you reverse 180, on your nose 1 mile. It should be
1 o'clock for you.Blinking orange light.It's on the ground
P Efflux, you still have the contact.
C Contact for the moment 020, 15
P Confirm 020
C 020, 5 miles
P See the blinking light I mean
C 030, 6 miles
P Contact on the ground seems to be 1 light
C Another contact now 360, 10 miles
P 360, 10
2213 C Altitude 11000ft, 350, 11 miles
P I have a contact 9000 heading 250 at 970 knots
C Possibly your target
P One contact on the nose 9000ft speed 310
C Range is 6?
P Eddy do you confirm contact
I have the same in B 15 now
C Contact is at 3 miles now. On the nose 3
P Contact is coming in and out
C Roger and now... 2miles
Right inside turn, level 1 mile
2214 Expedite right, roll out 130
P unreadable. 130
C 140 range 3
P Confirm heading efflux
C 130, 120 even. And continue roll out 180
He's now 170,4. Check camera on. 160, 3.
P Camera on
I've a possible contact now at 550 knots in C. 6 alt 10000
C Just overhead
2215 If possible take a maximum of pictures.
P May I suggest you keep the HUD, I keep...
C At your 6 o'clock 2
P Efflux, give a new heading
C Roll out 360, 360, 2. unreadable
Continue SB 030
C He's now 050, 3. Altitude 105. Keep on turningtowards 090
P Steady 090
C 090 on the nose 2
P One a/c passing below. Efflux is it possible ?
C At what altitude ?
P I see it efflux
C On the nose 2 miles
P MEEL, you see it, just below me now
Efflux you have a new heading
C South, 2
P Say altitude
C FL 105. Snap 130. 130, 3. Last alt. reported 10000ft
On the nose 2
P come in attack
C Past the contact now. Altitude is 10000ft
P I'm at 9000ft
C Still no contact?
P " " " !
C 270, 2
P Confirm 260
2219 C 270
2220 P Roll out 270. Steady 270. 10000ft
C No more contact for the moment
P MEEL you switch 135 05 go
C Can you contact Brussels on 127.15
P 127.15, go
Efflux, confirm new heading
2221 C Keep on turning right 090
P Turning left 090. Efflux steady east now
C Roger, maintain
P Positive contact as well
C For the moment no more contact on the scope
2222 P No contact on the scope as well
Check fuel. unreadable
Possible contact at 19 miles 800 knots h 350
2223 3000ft // Efflux confirm
one contact at 5 miles, left side, speed fast
C No contact for the moment
P 4 miles to the left
C Clear to investigate
P Investigating. Rolling out now 034
2224 Brussels is calling. No contact.
C Traffic approaching from 320 range 15, 9000ft.
Possible contact bearing 270 range 12.
2225 P Turning right 270
This contact seems to be civilian traffic
P Say again Efflux
C Contact is civilian traffic
2226 P Rolling out 277
C Roger, maintain
17 from efflux
P Come in efflux
C Did you see in the previous investigation...
P I had a kind of flashing light on the nose 5 miles
C And this light was coming from the south?
2227 P This light is steady
C When did you pass over the light, give me a top
P Turning left to pass overhead at 10000ft and give you the
Just passing overhead the light
P Coordinates : 50.32.08
Reversing east, 10000ft
C Possible contact bearing 020 12 miles
P 12 miles looking out
C High speed roll out 040
C Heading is 115 Starb 060
P One contact on nose 10 miles
C That's the target. No alt on him for the moment
P Contact in C 12 MEEL, at 5000ft. 740 knots
Good contact again. Investigating
One contact on the nose 7 miles
C Chear to investigate, check armament safe
2231 P Sweet and safe
C Passing overhead BE for the moment
P Lost contact now, he's moving very fast
C That's affirm
High speed for the moment
P One contact on the nose 6 miles, speed to 100 knots
C 080, 10 miles. Heading is 120
P 120 confirm
2232 C Last alt. reported 10000ft
070, 10 miles
P 070, 10 confirm
Rolling out 070. Altitude 7000ft
Lost contact more info efflux
C Lost contact as well. It should be 090, 10
Roll out 100
2233 P 100
C Normally on the nose range 15
You have contact
2234 P No contact
C 095 Range 18
17, both starboard 310
P SB 310
C 17 check playtime left
P Playtime left 15 minutes
P 17 steady 310
C Roger 17. Maintain hdg for the moment
One civilian traffic 315 range is 12 at 5000ft in the TMA
2238 P Looking out
Contact at 6000ft slow moving at C
C It's civilian traffic. Passing 2 o'clock 5 miles
5000ft, check 310, 12 miles possible contact
2239 P 10 miles on the nose 10000ft
C On the nose range 7
2240 P Got the same
C Check camera on
2241 P Camera on
C If possible take max of pictures
P Very slow moving
C Check alt. of contact
P I still have the contact, 5 miles
C No height
P No height
C 3 o'clock 2 miles
P " " "
C Crossing left to right
P Say again
C Left side high
P Looking out. I see one beacon on the nose
2242 C One civilian traffic west, 10 miles
C Contact 100, SB 100
P Roger SB 100
C Civilian traffic 300, 5 miles
P " " " " "
C Continue 100
C Even 060 now
P Steady 060
C 060, 3. You have contact?
P One contact but speed is changing from 100 to 600
C I have the same contact
P Slightly to right 4 miles
C Affirmative. High moving
P Steady east now
P Lost contact
C Both vector 180
2244 P Turning right south
C Contact south higher
P Looking out. Steady south.
C Nine o'clock 3. sorry 3 o'clock
P Steady south no contact
2245 C Disregard snap 360 now
P 360 to the left
C Possible contact 350 range 10
P 350, 10
C 2 contacts due to civilian traffic same position 345, 9
17 left 330
2246 C Civilian traffic 340 range 7
P Contact on traffic
C At 5000ft, other contact at 325 range is 7, no height
P Contact on the radar now
C Check camera on
P Camera on loosing contact
C He's now 345 range is 5
P We have the same in B 8, 10000ft. MEEL
C 350, 3
P Radar contact
Contact slightly to the left, 8 miles, lost contact now
2247 C He's at your 360 now
P Request to turn north
C Clear now
P Steady north efflux
C Roger, no contact
C Reverse south
(... going on up to time 22h53, but nothing really interesting)
(The light at Coordinates : 50.32.08
04.11.08 has been easily identified; it
was just a light on the top of a chimney stack).
The radar contacts of one F-16 with the so-called "UFOs" have been
registered on a video record. One lasted for 46 seconds. Two F-16
were involved. One of the F-16 had 13 registered contacts; the other
one had also contacts, but they were not registered because the
pilot did not push the right switch. The contacts can be divided
into 5 groups, separated by periods without contact.
contact lasting beginning
number (seconds) at
1 2.3 00 h 13 March 31,1990 (March 30 22 h 13 GMT)
3 19.9 00 h 15
4 27.5 00 h 29
8 < 0.1
9 45.9 00 h 39
13 11.2 00 h 46
All positions and speeds are available on the video record. Speeds
of vertical displacement seem to be sometimes above 1000 knots.
Measured speeds are digitally displayed with only three numbers, so
200 knots could be 1200 or 2200 knots. Knowing that, positions and
speeds can be correlated (however, above 1000 knots, the three last
digits are dubious).
Here is the transcript of one of the contacts:
Seconds after Heading Speed Altitude
lock-on (degrees) (knots) (feet)
00 200 150 7000
01 200 150 7000
02 200 150 7000
03 200 150 7000
04 sharp 200 acceleration 150 6000
05 turn 270 = 22 g 560 6000
06 270 560 6000
07 270 570 6000
08 270 560 7000
09 270 550 7000
10 210 560 9000
11 210 570 10000
12 210 560 11000
13 210 570 10000
14 270 770 7000
15 270 770 6000
16 270 780 6000
17 270 790 5000
18 290 1010 4000
19 290 1000 3000
20 290 990 2000
21 290 990 1000
22 300 990 0000
22.5 300 980 0000 Break lock
When you see for example altitude 5000, this means between 4500 and 5500.
So 0000 means between 0 and 500. 0 is sea level; mean ground altitude
in this area is about 200 feet (therefore 0000 means in fact between
200 and 500).
What follows are comments from a person who is in holidays at the moment,
so I couldn't contact him to have his agreement to give his name,
so I ammm following the net etiquette and won't tell it before he comes
back. Anyway I quite agree with the following :
The Belgian skies south-east of Brussels were densely populated during
the night March 30-31, 1990. There were at least three, and maybe six
bright lights with changing colors, observed by gendarmes from 23 h
(local time) to 1 h. There were two F-16 hunting true or false echoes
from 0 h to 1 h. Local time = GMT + 2.
But there was something else. At 0 h 28, the Semmerzake radar detected
an object 2500 ft over the western part of the Brussels agglomeration,
moving towards Liege (roughly speaking, towards east) at 450 knots. At
0 h 29, the Glons radar detected it also. From 0 h 29 to 0 h 33, both
radars followed the craft, which was going in straight line towards
Liege, increasing its speed and its altitude. The Semmerzake radar
spotted it again 6000 ft over Liege at 0 h 35, speed 650 knots. The
last point was some 12 miles east of Liege, altitude 12000 ft, at
0 h 36.
The Semmerzake radar is an array type radar. It is used for military
air safety. Semmerzake is about 30 miles west of Brussels.
Glons CRC is a part of NADGE (NATO Air Defense Ground Environment).
There are about 80 NADGE CRC in Europe (including Turkey). Its
missions are: 1. detect and follow every flight in the Belgian air
space, 2. identify friend or foe, 3. if foe, intercept and/or
destroy according to the alert status. The Glons radar is a
multipurpose impulsion type radar. Glons is about 6 miles north
of Liege. The distance Brussels-Liege is about 60 miles.
There is another radar at Bertem, for civilian traffic. The craft
passed 5 miles south of Bertem at 0 h 30. The Bertem radar did
not see anything.
What was this?
1) Civilian traffic? I don't know anything in aviation, but I
believed that airliners did not go that fast when they were that
low. Also, I thought that each civilian flight was known to
2) A little private jet? Maybe, if all this story is a hoax (it
should be a really big hoax, with airship(s), jet(s) and probably
ULMs). And are there private jets which go that fast?
3) A military plane? It was not one of the two F-16, which, instead
of moving in straight line, were describing complicated loops (I have
the plot of all the trajectories). In my opinion, it looks more like
a stealth aircraft (F-117 A or TR-3 A), because it was seen only from
certain angles. The Bertem radar, which was the best located, never
saw it. But apparently the Belgian military did not know of this plane,
at least in May 1990, when the Belgian Air Force released its first
report about the incidents:
# 00 h 32: The Glons and Semmerzake radars have a contact at 110 / 6 NM
# away Beauvechain, which heads for Bierset at 7000 feet and high speed.
# The registered speeds go from 478 to 690 knots. The contact is lost
# above Bierset. The Maastricht radar control center has had no contact
# with this UFO.
___ Blue Wave/QWK v2.12
Ed Stewart - firstname.lastname@example.org - | So Man, who here seems principal alone,
"There is | Perhaps acts second to some sphere unknown.
Something Going On!" ,>'?'<, | Touches some wheel, or verges to some goal,
-Salvador Freixedo- ( O O ) | 'Tis but a part we see, and not a whole.
------------------ooOO-(_)-OOoo------- Alexander Pope, Essay on Man -------
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