PUZZLING "RELICS" DUG UP IN ARIZONA STIR SCIENTISTS
Purport To Chronicle The Arrival Of Roman Jews There In 775 A.D.
[New York Times, December 13, 1925]
-+- Fought the Toltec Indians -+-
"The story commences in A.D. 775 with three people being carried
forth over the sea to Roman Calalus, an unknown land. Here they
found a people whom they called the Toltexus, the scientists
agreeing that the people they found were the Toltec Indians. At
this period Theodorus was the ruler of these European adventurers
and was a brave fighter and a man of courage. He carried on much
warfare with the Toltecs and after ruling for a period of
fourteen years he was succeeded by Jacobus."
"Jacobus ruled the people with a mighty hand and was also a
constructive ruler, since he rebuilt the city of these people
that had been razed during the latter part of the reign of
Theodorus. Jacobus was not king long and was followed by Israel
the First, who reigned for sixty-seven years, who, in turn, was
followed by Israel the Second. He ruled six years. Thus the story
continues on until the year 900 and is chronologically complete
through the entire period of their existence in America."
"The records found by Mr. Manier and Mr. Bent appear to be a last
record of the people, written in haste at the time when the end
was approaching. The record does not make clear just what the end
was, but it has been concluded that these Europeans were
exterminated by the natives, who, it appears, harassed them and
made war upon them from the beginning to the end. This conclusion
has been drawn, since what appears to be the last writing of the
recorder of these ancient deeds states:"
"'The last days have come and the inevitable doom,' and his last
writing is, 'I am present. The Lord be with you.'"
"To this chapter of the story is signed 'O.L.' as well as to all
of the other parts or crosses, the 'O.L.' being not his initials,
but rather an insignia of rank."
-+- Evidence of Authenticity -+-
"The investigation and excavating is only in the embryo stage,
and is to be carried on to completion in the future; however,
much definite information has been brought to light that
establishes these relics as being several hundred years pre-
"C.J. Sarle, Ph.D., one of the eminent geologists of the
Southwest, who has spent much time during the last year in
investigating this find, is of the belief that the articles are
not only genuine but are as old as the dates would indicate. He
has established this belief through the geological facts and
through the location at their respective depths of the numerous
Indian cultures, the oldest being that of the Hohokums, or the
great unknown tribe of Indians that inhabited the Southwest in
prehistoric times. The veneer of the Hohokum culture is a
considerable distance above the level at which these relics are
"Dean Byron Cummings, Curator of the State Museum, archaeologist,
and a member of the Faculty of the University of Arizona, who has
also investigated this problem, is convinced as to the antiquity
of the finds and as to the articles being genuine. He establishes
the age of the relics through the Roman script contained upon
them, which he states has not been in common use since the eighth
century, and through archaeological and geological evidence. In
this he is supported by Professor Frank H. Fowler(?) who has
translated all of the Latin inscriptions on the pieces found to
"Professor Charles T. Vorhies(?), entomologist, who has also
interested himself in this investigation and has assisted with
the photographic record, is firm in his belief that these relics
are not of historic times, are many hundreds years old, that
there has been no burial of them, and there is no evidence of
burial, but that the articles have been covered over to a depth
of between five and six feet by a natural building-up process,
over a long period of time."
"Dean A.E. Douglass of the Steward Observatory and Vice President
of the Historical and Archaeological Society of Arizona is firm
in the belief of the antiquity and the genuineness of the finds.
He has spent much time on the investigation, has taken a complete
photographic record and has himself excavated part of the
-+- Dr. Judd Aids in Excavation -+-
"Dr. Neil Judd of the Smithsonian Institution visited the
excavation and completely excavated two of the articles himself.
He stated that the articles were very old and that there was
absolutely no evidence of disturbance of the earth surrounding
them. He reached this conclusion after chopping these two pieces
loose with a miner's pick."
"All of these men have either excavated some of the finds
themselves or have been present when relics were excavated."
"The time at which the story of these crusaders relates their
history definitely establishes the period during which they
inhabited America, and is supported by the eighth century Latin
script that is used in the inscriptions."
"The place from which they came has been established by Laura
Coleman Ostrander as the Roman Empire, since they call the
unknown land Roman Calalus. They were designated by her as Roman
Jews because of the appearance of the Hebrew script of the early
centuries upon the religious standards, and because of the nature
and significance of drawings and symbols appearing upon them;
also because of the fact that the traders of the Roman Empire
during the first Christian centuries were the Jews."
"The excavation and investigation has been carried on by Messrs.
Charles E. Manier and Thomas W. Bent, with the assistance of John
S. Bent and the support of the University of Arizona, the Tucson
Chamber of Commerce and the City of Tucson. All of the
photography for publication is being done by the Irwin Studios of
"This is an announcement and should not be taken as a conclusion,
since future excavation will no doubt bring to light much more
evidence of startling and interesting nature, and as the new
evidence is brought to light a report of progress will be made."
-+- Translation of Inscriptions -+-
The inscription of a cross designated as 1.A is translated as
A.D. 900(?), Jan. 1
We are carried forth over the sea to Calalus,
an unknown land, to a people ruling widely
The Toltesus, Silvanus were lead over
Theodorus brings up his forces at the City
Rhoda and more than seven hundred are captured
No gold shall be taken from the city
Theodorus, a man of great courage, rules fourteen years
James rules six years
With God's help nothing need be feared
In the name of Israel
-+- Death of Israel in "the War." -+-
The chronology of the supposed dynasties of Calalus is translated
as follows from another Latin inscription:
From the Beginning. A.D. 790 to 900.
Nothing but by the cross, by suffering.
Israel died in the war.
Pray for the soul of Israel.
May God be with us as with our fathers.
May the earth be light unto thee.
Israel, defender of the faith, adds honor to ancestral honor.
Israel reigns 67 years.
Israel II reigns 6 years.
Israel II started to reign when 26 years old.
A war of extermination.
Either to conquer or to die.
He flourished in his ancestral honor from day to day.
Prepare for either event but hope is not yet crushed.
By the grace of God.
Time having elapsed, from adversity comes
the source and origin of our miseries, the
last day comes and the inevitable time.
I am present.
The Lord be with you.
-+- Chronicle is Specific -+-
Another of the texts is translated as follows:
Benjamin was king of the people. They came from Seine to Rome.
The bravest of the Gauls. He came to the assistance of the
people to lay the foundation of the city. He built a wall
around the city to resist the enemy. Benjamin mighty in
strength he filled the multitude with religion. He was slain
by the Thebans. I heard this from my father five hundred years
after, behind the mountain. In memory of his father.
860 A.D. Israel the 3rd was banished since he had liberated
the Toltesus. He first broke the custom. The earth trembled.
Fear overwhelmed the hearts of mortals in the third year after
They betook themselves within the city and kept themselves
within their walls. You shall not bury or burn a dead man in
Before the city extended a plain, hills encompassed the city.
It is a hundred years since Jacobus was king. Jacobus was busy
in the front line. He attended to everything, fought much in
person and often struck down the enemy. Israel gave his
attention to the appointment of priests. Life is to us a
people of extensive sway.
An unknown land A.D. 895. May I be able to accomplish my
endeavors to serve the king. It is uncertain how long life
will continue. There are many things which may be said. While
the war was raging three thousand men were slain, the leaders
with their chiefs were taken, nothing but peace was sought.
God ordains all things.
A brief inscription which bears no signature refers briefly to
the transatlantic voyage of the Dark Age Arizonians as follows:
We are carried over the sea to Roman Calalus, an unknown land.
They came in the year 775. Theodorus ruled the people.