The Electric Auto that almost triumphed 2
"The standard internal combustion engine was removed and an
80-H.P. 1800 r.p.m electric motor installed to the clutch and
The A.C. motor measured 40 inches long and 30 inches in
diameter and the power leads were left standing in the air -
no external power source!
He then went to a local radio store and purchased a handful of
tubes (12), wires and assorted resistors. A box measuring 24
inches long, 12 inches wide and 6 inches high was assembled
housing the circuit.
The box was placed on the front seat and had its wires
connected to the air-cooled, brushless motor. Two rods 1/4" in
diameter stuck out of the box about 3" in length."
The mention of this experiment in a local paper kind of blew me away
but it did give "some" detail of what was in this mysterious power
We know that T.H. Moray had probably the best known version of such
a device. In his case he used a special "valve" which appeared to
be basically a diode. Except this diode worked more like a Triac.
That is, any electrical wave, both positive AND negative going
currents, was picked up by an antenna and passed through this diode
with minimal loss of energy. As far as we know, this valve was
based on a composite substance with GERMANIUM as the host material.
From there it went through a tuned circuit based on vacuum tubes and
capacitors to build and discharge the energy as demanded by the
The tuned circuits were resonant with one or more earth or cosmic
frequencies and the vacuum tubes acted as harmonic constructive
interference amplifiers of the input signals.
We will note that Moray's resonant circuits used CAPACITORS, COILS
and RESISTORS. Experiments done during Moray's heyday showed an
output up to 50,000 Watts of high frequency energy. It is believed
that the energy was high frequency because 100 watt light bulbs
burned cool to the touch.
One other CRITICAL POINT about Moray's converter was that it would
ONLY energize RESISTIVE loads and NOT INDUCTIVE loads. This is
because inductive loads imply coils of wire which are heated more so
by HYSTERESIS (interferring electro-magnetic fields) rather than
simple resistance from the flow of current through molecular/atomic
This type of interferring field caused an energy backup and
subsequent de-tuning of Moray's generator. Since it was essentially
a TUNED device, it could not compensate for any frequency changes or
distortions ONCE TUNED. As a result, any attempt to hook up an
inductive load would cause the device to stop generating electrical
energy. To restart it, all inductive loading must be removed, the
device re-tuned and restarted.
Moray also used an unusual mode of operation for a vacuum tube in
that he operated with a "cold cathode." This did not require a
heated plate for the "thermionic emissions" deemed necessary to
successful vacuum tube operation.
There is also mention of radioactive elements in the antenna circuit
which leads one to think he might have been tuning into the
continual radioactive decay processes of nature, rather than cosmic
or earth energies.
Now to the Tesla Power Box
We will first of all note the use of an AC coil motor. This alone
tells us that the Tesla device was superior and not so dependent on
tuning as was Moray's machine which could only power RESISTIVE
loads. All universal energy moves in WAVES and so is essentially
for alternating current (AC). That is why Moray called his book
"THE SEA OF ENERGY IN WHICH THE EARTH FLOATS". The entire universe
is continually bathed in these AC energies and they cover the entire
What intrigues the hell out of me was how Tesla could use "off-the-
shelf" vacuum tubes and other components, put them together in the
correct configuration and make it work.
Another point we should note is the list of components :
1) 12 Vacuum Tubes
3) Assorted Resistors
4) 1/4" diameter rods 3" in length
NOTE, NO CAPACITORS! The wires could have been simply for
connection or wound as coils. The 1/4" rods were either BUS BARS
for power output taps OR more likely ANTENNAS! Resonant circuits
can be constructed using several techniques. You can achieve the
same effect from :
1) Resistors AND capacitors
2) Capacitors AND coils
3) Coils AND resistors
So, in the case of the Tesla Power Box, he either wound his own
coils or simply used the wire to connect the resistors with the
vacuum tubes. I am of the opinion that he used the wire ONLY for
connection and DID NOT USE COILS! I also think he used a DIODE
somewhere in the circuit in order to tap ONLY one polarity.
We have no specifications for the AC motor that Tesla used in the
auto, so we have no idea if it was single or polyphase. In the case
of a single phase motor, it only requires a single winding which
projects a magnetic field that rotates according to the increase or
decrease of the alternating current.
A polyphase (poly = two or more) motor uses multiple windings which
are fed by phased input currents that alternate in such a manner as
to reinforce each other. In the case of a 3 phase motor, the
currents are phased 120 degrees apart. This gives much greater
torque to the motor but requires 3 times the current because it uses
3 times the input energy.
Since the box powered an AC (coil) motor, it is probable it was
TUNED to one or more frequencies, most likely polyphased
So, if the 3" long rods were in fact ANTENNAS, we can calculate
their frequency by using the following :
(I cannot express Lambda here so we will use w for wavelength)
w = wavelength
v = velocity of propagation
f = signal frequency
a short example : w = v / f = wavelength in feet
w = 984,000,000/1,500,000 = 656 feet
f = 984,000,000/656 = 1,500,000 or 1.5 MHZ
3 inches * 4 = 1 foot
984,000,000/1 = 984,000,000
984,000,000/4 = 246,000,000 or 246 MHZ
This would indicate the 3" rods (if they were truly 3" in length and
functioning as antennas) would resonate at 246 MHZ.
Because of the parts list description, I am of the opinion that it
was a DUAL circuit. That is, 6 vacuum tubes and one 1/4" diameter
3" rod along with assorted resistors were to pick up and "pump" ONLY
the positive going signals, while the other 6 vacuum tubes, rod and
resistors did the same for the negative going signals. Such a
scheme could either use PARALLEL or SERIAL connections of the vacuum
tubes. Since current conduction is proportional to surface area,
one would think that a parallel arrangement of the vacuum tubes with
all INPUTS connected to one antenna source and all OUTPUTS connected
to a common terminal attached to the load, would provide for the
MAXIMUM current flow from incoming energy waves.
The nature of these "energy waves" is the question here. Are they
cosmic rays, electrostatic, Schumann peaks, magnetic force,
something "other" or Aether flow into the neutral centers of mass as
Vacuum tube construction takes several forms. Of these, the
simplest is two plates separated by a grid wire. When the bottom
plate is heated, thermally induced ions (thermionic emissions) are
emitted by the bottom plate. The grid can be biased by the
application of voltage to increase, decrease or halt the flow of
these ions to the upper plate.
Other forms include more plates with more grids to allow better
control of the ion flow. By proper biasing, vacuum tubes can be
operated as switches, modulators or amplifiers among other uses.
Vacuum tubes operate primarily with high voltages that control the
ion flows. Modern transistors are equivalent to vacuum tubes except
that they operate using CURRENT instead of voltage. Transistors
equate to Vacuum tubes by the following comparisons :
Vacuum Tube Transistor Polarity
Operates from Voltage Current
lower plate emitter negative - cathode
grid base neutral
upper plate collector positive - anode
In the case of the Tesla Power Box, the vacuum tube appears to
function as a "pump", collecting incoming current in the form of ion
intensification. Once this "compressed" ion field reaches a certain
density, the pump allows it to be released into the next stage of
the circuit, be it the actual load or another vacuum tube.
So if the circuit is 6 vacuum tubes in parallel, all fed from a
common antenna, outputting to a common load terminal, then the
common antenna input would feed all vacuum tubes with the same wave.
This would give the greatest CURRENT accumulation because of the
EXPANDED SURFACE AREA of the paralleled tubes.
Note, these vacuum tubes most likely operate in the "cold cathode"
mode since the heaters of the vacuum tubes were not fed by any
outside voltage to provide the heat for the more orthodox therionic
If the vacuum tubes are hooked in series, then one "pump" would feed
another "pump" to get successively higher densities of electrons.
This would give higher VOLTAGES because of increased PRESSURE.
Keep in mind that electricity is much like air or water. We can
think of voltage as pounds per square inch (PSI) and current as
cubic feet per minute (CFM). That is PSI is pressure, CFM is flow.
Another analog is comparing a river to electricity. In such a
comparison, the speed of the river is the VOLTAGE or pressure while
the width of the river is the CURRENT or rate of flow.
Such a comparison shows WHY current requires THE GREATEST SURFACE
AREA for the maximum flow. Fuses function on just this principle,
when the current flows over the surface of the fuse, it creates
heat. If too much current flows, it creates too much heat causing
the fuse to melt and separate. The more surface area the fuse, the
greater the amount of current can flow, another reason to not place
a penny in a fuse socket.
So we have two antennas (1/4" diameter, 3" long rods), two sets of 6
vacuum tubes connected together by wire and assorted resistors. As
the waves of energy are collected by the 3" rods, positive on one,
negative on another, the energy builds up in the form of increased
ions in each of the paralleled vacuum tubes. As in Moray's
generator, the circuit will feed whatever load is attached as long
as it does not EXCEED the current carrying capacity of the circuit
components. What we have is an energy pumping system.
I made a drawing of the box with some idea of the circuit. My
electronics knowledge is on IC's and transistors with almost nothing
in regard to vacuum tubes so there won't be much technical concept
of the circuit per se. Perhaps after some study, either I or
someone else will come up with some testable or useable circuits.
The drawing is listed on KeelyNet as TESLAFE.GIF if you might wish
to download it.
There are three files that link to this particular subject and all
will be bundled as follows :
TESLAFE1.ASC - original articles
TESLAFE2.ASC - this commentary
TESLAFE1.GIF - the Parallel version
TESLAFE2.GIF - the Series version
TESLAFE .ZIP - all of the above bundled into one file
If you have comments or other information relating to such topics
as this paper covers, please upload to KeelyNet or send to the
Vangard Sciences address as listed on the first page.
Thank you for your consideration, interest and support.
Jerry W. Decker.........Ron Barker...........Chuck Henderson
If we can be of service, you may contact
Jerry at (214) 324-8741 or Ron at (214) 242-9346